The phonological or articulatory loop is responsible for the temporary storage of verbal information; items are held within a phonological store of limited duration, and the items are maintained within the store via the process of articulation.
These measures are assumed to capture a subset of WM performance, the utilization and/or operation of the articulatory loop (see Hulme, 1992; Hulme & MacKenzie, 1992, for a comprehensive review).
Dementia and the functioning of the articulatory loop
Second, it was shown that there was no ISE under conditions of articulatory suppression -- a finding consistent with the hypothesis that lipread items must pass through the articulatory loop prior to entry to the store.
Within that framework, they are consistent with the notion that lipread stimuli must first pass through the articulatory loop before gaining entry to the phonological store.
In order to account for these results, Baddeley & Hitch (1974) and Baddeley (1986) introduced the idea of an articulatory loop
, more recently a phonological loop (Baddeley, 1990), as a part of a broader conceptualization of short-term memory that they called working memory.
According to Eysenck, worry affects tasks which impose demands on the capacity of working memory, mainly via the central executive, and, to a lesser degree, the articulatory loop
In short-term verbal memory, information about serial order is thought to be maintained by a phonological system and an articulatory loop
The time limited basis of the articulatory loop
provides a natural explanation for the word length effect (Baddeley, Thomson & Buchanan, 1975); the inverse relationship between span and the articulatory duration of stimuli.
Studies of short-term memory for written or spoken information have suggested that suppression disrupts a temporary phonological store known as the articulatory loop
(Baddeley, 1986; Baddeley & Hitch, 1974).
Verbal speech-based information is dealt with by the articulatory loop
, whilst visuospatial material is manipulated and stored using a specialized system known as the visuospatial scratchpad or sketchpad (VSSP).
The articulatory loop
system is specialized for processing verbal material and is composed of two subsystems: a phonological store and an articulatory rehearsal process.