artificial


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Related to artificial: Artificial flowers, Artificial grass

ar·ti·fi·cial

 (är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
adj.
1.
a. Made by humans, especially in imitation of something natural: an artificial sweetener that replaces sugar; artificial flowers.
b. Not arising from natural or necessary causes; contrived or arbitrary: "Hausa [in Niger] ... are separated from their brethren in Nigeria by a porous and artificial border that the colonial powers left behind" (Jeffrey Tayler).
2. Affected or insincere: an artificial smile.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin artificiālis, belonging to art, from artificium, craftsmanship; see artifice.]

ar′ti·fi′ci·al′i·ty (-fĭsh′ē-ăl′ĭ-tē) n.
ar′ti·fi′cial·ly adv.

artificial

(ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl)
adj
1. produced by man; not occurring naturally: artificial materials of great strength.
2. made in imitation of a natural product, esp as a substitute; not genuine: artificial cream.
3. pretended; assumed; insincere: an artificial manner.
4. lacking in spontaneity; affected: an artificial laugh.
5. (Biology) biology relating to superficial characteristics not based on the interrelationships of organisms: an artificial classification.
[C14: from Latin artificiālis belonging to art, from artificium skill, artifice]
artificiality n
ˌartiˈficially adv

ar•ti•fi•cial

(ˌɑr təˈfɪʃ əl)

adj.
1. made by human skill; produced by humans; not natural.
2. imitation; simulated; sham: artificial vanilla flavoring; artificial gemstones.
3. lacking naturalness or spontaneity; forced: an artificial smile.
4. full of affectation; stilted.
5. pertaining to a taxonomic classification that groups together unrelated organisms.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]
ar`ti•fi`ci•al′i•ty, n.
ar`ti•fi′cial•ly, adv.

ar·ti·fi·cial

(är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
Made by humans rather than occurring naturally: artificial sweeteners; an artificial heart.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.artificial - contrived by art rather than natureartificial - contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"
counterfeit, imitative - not genuine; imitating something superior; "counterfeit emotion"; "counterfeit money"; "counterfeit works of art"; "a counterfeit prince"
unreal - lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria; "ghosts and other unreal entities"; "unreal propaganda serving as news"
natural - existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; "a natural pearl"; "natural gas"; "natural silk"; "natural blonde hair"; "a natural sweetener"; "natural fertilizers"
2.artificial - artificially formal; "that artificial humility that her husband hated"; "contrived coyness"; "a stilted letter of acknowledgment"; "when people try to correct their speech they develop a stilted pronunciation"
affected, unnatural - speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
3.artificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processesartificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
inorganic - lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms

artificial

adjective
1. synthetic, manufactured, plastic, man-made, non-natural free from artificial additives and flavours
2. insincere, forced, affected, assumed, phoney or phony (informal), put on, false, pretended, hollow, contrived, unnatural, feigned, spurious, meretricious The voice was affected, the accent artificial.
insincere true, natural, frank, genuine, sincere, honest, unaffected, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal)
3. fake, mock, imitation, bogus, simulated, phoney or phony (informal), sham, pseudo (informal), fabricated, counterfeit, spurious, ersatz, specious The sauce was glutinous and tasted artificial.
fake authentic

artificial

adjective
1. Made by human beings instead of nature:
2. Made to imitate something else:
Informal: pretend.
3. Not genuine or sincere:
4. Artificially genteel:
Informal: la-di-da.
5. Marked by unnaturalness, pretension, and often a slavish love of fads:
Translations
إصْطِناعي، مُصْطَنَعاِصْطِناعيّ
umělý
kunstig
keinotekoinenteennäinen
umjetan
tilbúinn, gervi
人工の
인공적인
dirbtinaidirbtinisdirbtinis kvėpavimasdirbtinumas
mākslīgsneīsts
kunstmatigartificieel
umetenumetna inteligenca
konstgjord
เทียม
nhân tạo

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= synthetic) [light, flower, lake, leg, limb] → artificial; [leather] → sintético; [jewel] → de imitación; [hair] → postizo
2. (fig) [person, manner] → artificial, afectado; [smile] → forzado; [situation] → artificial
B. CPD artificial horizon Nhorizonte m artificial
artificial insemination Ninseminación f artificial
artificial intelligence Ninteligencia f artificial
artificial manure Nabono m químico
artificial respiration Nrespiración f artificial
artificial silk Nseda f artificial, rayón m
artificial sweetener Nedulcorante m

artificial

[ˌɑːrtɪˈfɪʃəl] adj
(= synthetic) [additive, colour, flavour] → artificiel(le)
(= man-made) [lake] → artificiel(le)
(= prosthetic) [limb] → artificiel(le)
(= unnatural) [conditions, environment] → artificiel(le)
(= affected) [manner, accent] → artificiel(le)artificial additive nadditif m artificiel
"no artificial additives" (on food packaging)"sans additifs artificiels"artificial insemination ninsémination f artificielleartificial intelligence AI [ˌeɪˈaɪ]
nintelligence f artificielle, IA f
modif [research, researcher] → en intelligence artificielle; [laboratory, system, software] → d'intelligence artificielle

artificial

adj
(= synthetic)künstlich; artificial lightkünstliches Licht; artificial manureKunstdünger m; artificial hair/silkKunsthaar nt/-seide f; artificial heartKunstherz nt; artificial leatherKunstleder nt; artificial limbProthese f, → Kunstglied nt
(fig: = not genuine) → künstlich; (pej: = not sincere) smile, mannergekünstelt, unecht; you’re so artificialdu bist nicht echt; if you say it that way it sounds artificialwenn du es so sagst, klingt das unecht

artificial

:
artificial horizon
artificial insemination
artificial intelligence

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃl] adj (synthetic) → artificiale (fig) (pej) (smile, manner) → studiato/a, affettato/a; (tears, situation) → falso/a

artificial

(aːtiˈfiʃəl) adjective
made by man; not natural; not real. artificial flowers; Did you look at the colour in artificial light or in daylight?
artiˈficially adverb
ˌartificiˈality (-ʃiˈӕ-) noun
artificial respiration
the process of forcing air into and out of the lungs eg of a person who has almost drowned.

artificial

اِصْطِناعيّ umělý kunstig künstlich τεχνητός artificial keinotekoinen artificiel umjetan artificiale 人工の 인공적인 kunstmatig kunstig sztuczny artificial искусственный konstgjord เทียม yapay nhân tạo 人造的

artificial

a. artificial, artificioso-a;
___ impregnationimpregnación, fecundación ___;
___ inseminationinseminación ___;
___ limbextremidad o parte ___;
___ respirationrespiración ___.

artificial

adj artificial
References in classic literature ?
But it was not a book, but a little mechanical toy, which lay in a box--an artificial nightingale which was like the real one, only that it was set all over with diamonds, rubies, and sapphires.
The early Greek epic -- that is, poetry as a natural and popular, and not (as it became later) an artificial and academic literary form -- passed through the usual three phases, of development, of maturity, and of decline.
But he had only to forget the artificial train of reasoning, and to turn from life itself to what had satisfied him while thinking in accordance with the fixed definitions, and all this artificial edifice fell to pieces at once like a house of cards, and it became clear that the edifice had been built up out of those transposed words, apart from anything in life more important than reason.
A personal, human feeling for a brief moment got the better of the artificial phantasm of life he had served so long.
It has been my aim to make the character of "Magdalen," which personifies this struggle, a pathetic character even in its perversity and its error; and I have tried hard to attain this result by the least obtrusive and the least artificial of all means -- by a resolute adherence throughout to the truth as it is in Nature.
They reached the building, ornamented with magnificent fruits, which ripen at the beginning of July in the artificial temperature which takes the place of the sun, so frequently absent in our climate.
The poet of the "Creation" wished, by highly artificial verse, to inculcate what he supposed to be moral truth-the poet of the "Ancient Mariner" to infuse the Poetic Sentiment through channels suggested by analysis.
Eustace Macallan had complimented her on the beauty of her complexion, and had asked what artificial means she used to keep it in such good order.
These recognitions alone dispense with the artificial aid of tokens or amulets.
My mind grew so accustomed to spring and liven by artificial means that without artificial means it refused to spring and liven.
The facts, however, will prove to be linked and banded together by one grand scheme, devised and conducted by a master spirit; one set of characters, also, continues throughout, appearing occasionally, though sometimes at long intervals, and the whole enterprise winds up by a regular catastrophe; so that the work, without any labored attempt at artificial construction, actually possesses much of that unity so much sought after in works of fiction, and considered so important to the interest of every history.
Beyond this road lay a close-cropped pasture of some ten acres, level and without a tree, rock, or any natural or artificial object on its surface.