artificial


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Related to artificial: Artificial flowers, Artificial grass

ar·ti·fi·cial

 (är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
adj.
1.
a. Made by humans, especially in imitation of something natural: an artificial sweetener that replaces sugar; artificial flowers.
b. Not arising from natural or necessary causes; contrived or arbitrary: "Hausa [in Niger] ... are separated from their brethren in Nigeria by a porous and artificial border that the colonial powers left behind" (Jeffrey Tayler).
2. Affected or insincere: an artificial smile.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin artificiālis, belonging to art, from artificium, craftsmanship; see artifice.]

ar′ti·fi′ci·al′i·ty (-fĭsh′ē-ăl′ĭ-tē) n.
ar′ti·fi′cial·ly adv.

artificial

(ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl)
adj
1. produced by man; not occurring naturally: artificial materials of great strength.
2. made in imitation of a natural product, esp as a substitute; not genuine: artificial cream.
3. pretended; assumed; insincere: an artificial manner.
4. lacking in spontaneity; affected: an artificial laugh.
5. (Biology) biology relating to superficial characteristics not based on the interrelationships of organisms: an artificial classification.
[C14: from Latin artificiālis belonging to art, from artificium skill, artifice]
artificiality n
ˌartiˈficially adv

ar•ti•fi•cial

(ˌɑr təˈfɪʃ əl)

adj.
1. made by human skill; produced by humans; not natural.
2. imitation; simulated; sham: artificial vanilla flavoring; artificial gemstones.
3. lacking naturalness or spontaneity; forced: an artificial smile.
4. full of affectation; stilted.
5. pertaining to a taxonomic classification that groups together unrelated organisms.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]
ar`ti•fi`ci•al′i•ty, n.
ar`ti•fi′cial•ly, adv.

ar·ti·fi·cial

(är′tə-fĭsh′əl)
Made by humans rather than occurring naturally: artificial sweeteners; an artificial heart.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.artificial - contrived by art rather than natureartificial - contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"
counterfeit, imitative - not genuine; imitating something superior; "counterfeit emotion"; "counterfeit money"; "counterfeit works of art"; "a counterfeit prince"
unreal - lacking in reality or substance or genuineness; not corresponding to acknowledged facts or criteria; "ghosts and other unreal entities"; "unreal propaganda serving as news"
natural - existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; "a natural pearl"; "natural gas"; "natural silk"; "natural blonde hair"; "a natural sweetener"; "natural fertilizers"
2.artificial - artificially formal; "that artificial humility that her husband hated"; "contrived coyness"; "a stilted letter of acknowledgment"; "when people try to correct their speech they develop a stilted pronunciation"
affected, unnatural - speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
3.artificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processesartificial - not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
inorganic - lacking the properties characteristic of living organisms

artificial

adjective
1. synthetic, manufactured, plastic, man-made, non-natural free from artificial additives and flavours
2. insincere, forced, affected, assumed, phoney or phony (informal), put on, false, pretended, hollow, contrived, unnatural, feigned, spurious, meretricious The voice was affected, the accent artificial.
insincere true, natural, frank, genuine, sincere, honest, unaffected, dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal)
3. fake, mock, imitation, bogus, simulated, phoney or phony (informal), sham, pseudo (informal), fabricated, counterfeit, spurious, ersatz, specious The sauce was glutinous and tasted artificial.
fake authentic

artificial

adjective
1. Made by human beings instead of nature:
2. Made to imitate something else:
Informal: pretend.
3. Not genuine or sincere:
4. Artificially genteel:
Informal: la-di-da.
5. Marked by unnaturalness, pretension, and often a slavish love of fads:
Translations
إصْطِناعي، مُصْطَنَعاِصْطِناعيّ
umělý
kunstig
keinotekoinenteennäinen
umjetan
tilbúinn, gervi
人工の
인공적인
dirbtinaidirbtinisdirbtinis kvėpavimasdirbtinumas
mākslīgsneīsts
kunstmatigartificieel
umetenumetna inteligenca
konstgjord
เทียม
nhân tạo

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl]
A. ADJ
1. (= synthetic) [light, flower, lake, leg, limb] → artificial; [leather] → sintético; [jewel] → de imitación; [hair] → postizo
2. (fig) [person, manner] → artificial, afectado; [smile] → forzado; [situation] → artificial
B. CPD artificial horizon Nhorizonte m artificial
artificial insemination Ninseminación f artificial
artificial intelligence Ninteligencia f artificial
artificial manure Nabono m químico
artificial respiration Nrespiración f artificial
artificial silk Nseda f artificial, rayón m
artificial sweetener Nedulcorante m

artificial

[ˌɑːrtɪˈfɪʃəl] adj
(= synthetic) [additive, colour, flavour] → artificiel(le)
(= man-made) [lake] → artificiel(le)
(= prosthetic) [limb] → artificiel(le)
(= unnatural) [conditions, environment] → artificiel(le)
(= affected) [manner, accent] → artificiel(le)artificial additive nadditif m artificiel
"no artificial additives" (on food packaging)"sans additifs artificiels"artificial insemination ninsémination f artificielleartificial intelligence AI [ˌeɪˈaɪ]
nintelligence f artificielle, IA f
modif [research, researcher] → en intelligence artificielle; [laboratory, system, software] → d'intelligence artificielle

artificial

adj
(= synthetic)künstlich; artificial lightkünstliches Licht; artificial manureKunstdünger m; artificial hair/silkKunsthaar nt/-seide f; artificial heartKunstherz nt; artificial leatherKunstleder nt; artificial limbProthese f, → Kunstglied nt
(fig: = not genuine) → künstlich; (pej: = not sincere) smile, mannergekünstelt, unecht; you’re so artificialdu bist nicht echt; if you say it that way it sounds artificialwenn du es so sagst, klingt das unecht

artificial

:
artificial horizon
artificial insemination
artificial intelligence

artificial

[ˌɑːtɪˈfɪʃl] adj (synthetic) → artificiale (fig) (pej) (smile, manner) → studiato/a, affettato/a; (tears, situation) → falso/a

artificial

(aːtiˈfiʃəl) adjective
made by man; not natural; not real. artificial flowers; Did you look at the colour in artificial light or in daylight?
artiˈficially adverb
ˌartificiˈality (-ʃiˈӕ-) noun
artificial respiration
the process of forcing air into and out of the lungs eg of a person who has almost drowned.

artificial

اِصْطِناعيّ umělý kunstig künstlich τεχνητός artificial keinotekoinen artificiel umjetan artificiale 人工の 인공적인 kunstmatig kunstig sztuczny artificial искусственный konstgjord เทียม yapay nhân tạo 人造的

artificial

a. artificial, artificioso-a;
___ impregnationimpregnación, fecundación ___;
___ inseminationinseminación ___;
___ limbextremidad o parte ___;
___ respirationrespiración ___.

artificial

adj artificial
References in classic literature ?
There was a dentist's sign, among others, which adorned the entrance, and after staring a moment at the pair of artificial jaws which slowly opened and shut to draw attention to a fine set of teeth, the young gentleman put on his coat, took his hat, and went down to post himself in the opposite doorway, saying with a smile and a shiver, "It's like her to come alone, but if she has a bad time she'll need someone to help her home.
Anything made by artificial means is called an artifact.
He approached this highly artificial instrument through a mere instinct, and coupled himself to it, as if he knew it was to piece him out and make a whole creature of him.
She had absolutely no taste in dress, and wore a batch of rusty black lace with a bunch of artificial violets pinned to the side of her hair.
A large, civil cocked hat, like those worn by clergymen within the last thirty years, surmounted the whole, furnishing dignity to a good-natured and somewhat vacant countenance, that apparently needed such artificial aid, to support the gravity of some high and extraordinary trust.
Through all this variety of decoration, however, the room showed its original characteristics; its low stud, its cross-beam, its chimney-piece, with the old-fashioned Dutch tiles; so that it was the emblem of a mind industriously stored with foreign ideas, and elaborated into artificial refinement, but neither larger, nor, in its proper self, more elegant than before.
But all these are permanently lodged in their fleshy covering, as the human fingers in an artificial covering.
There are generally forty-two teeth in all; in old whales, much worn down, but undecayed; nor filled after our artificial fashion.
There were men who worked in the cooking rooms, in the midst of steam and sickening odors, by artificial light; in these rooms the germs of tuberculosis might live for two years, but the supply was renewed every hour.
The more drawers and closets there were, the more hiding-holes could Dinah make for the accommodation of old rags, hair-combs, old shoes, ribbons, cast-off artificial flowers, and other articles of vertu, wherein her soul delighted.
One morning I was out on a long walk to get up muscle for my trip, and had climbed the ridge which bordered the northern extremity of the valley, when I came upon an artificial opening in the face of a low precipice, and recognized it by its location as a hermit- age which had often been pointed out to me from a distance as the den of a hermit of high renown for dirt and austerity.
Baden-Baden sits in the lap of the hills, and the natural and artificial beauties of the surroundings are combined effectively and charmingly.