artiodactyl


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Related to artiodactyl: perissodactyl
click for a larger image
artiodactyl
top: four-toed foot of a hippopotamus
bottom: two-toed foot of a giraffe

ar·ti·o·dac·tyl

 (är′tē-ō-dăk′təl)
n.
Any of various hoofed mammals of the order Artiodactyla, having an even number of toes, either two or four, on each foot. Artiodactyls include camels, pigs, hippopotamuses, and the ruminants, such as cattle, deer, sheep, and antelopes.

[From New Latin Artiodactyla, order name : Greek artios, even; see ar- in Indo-European roots + Greek daktulos, toe.]

ar′ti·o·dac′tyl, ar′ti·o·dac′ty·lous (-tə-ləs) adj.

artiodactyl

(ˌɑːtɪəʊˈdæktɪl)
n
(Zoology) any placental mammal of the order Artiodactyla, having hooves with an even number of toes; an even-toed ungulate. The order includes pigs, hippopotamuses, camels, deer, cattle, and antelopes
adj
(Zoology) of, relating to, or belonging to the order Artiodactyla
[C19: from New Latin artiodactylus, from Greek ártios even + daktulos digit]
ˌartioˈdactylous adj

ar•ti•o•dac•tyl

(ˌɑr ti oʊˈdæk tɪl)

adj.
1. having an even number of toes or digits on each foot.
n.
2. a hoofed, even-toed mammal of the order Artiodactyla, as the cow and other ruminants, the pig, and the hippopotamus. Compare perissodactyl.
[1840–50; < New Latin Artiodactyla < Greek ártio(s) even in number + -daktyla, neuter pl. of -daktylos -dactylous]
ar`ti•o•dac′ty•lous, adj.
click for a larger image
artiodactyl
left: hippopotamus foot
right: giraffe foot

ar·ti·o·dac·tyl

(är′tē-ō-dăk′təl)
Any of various hoofed mammals having an even number of toes on each foot. Artiodactyls include the pig, sheep, ox, deer, giraffe, and hippopotamus. Also called even-toed ungulate.

artiodactyl

a hoofed animal having an even number of toes or digits on each foot, as pigs, sheep, deer, etc. — artiodactylous, adj.
See also: Animals
a hooved animal having an even number of toes or digits on each foot, as pigs, sheep, deer, etc. — artiodactylous, adj.
See also: Feet and Legs
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.artiodactyl - placental mammal having hooves with an even number of functional toes on each footartiodactyl - placental mammal having hooves with an even number of functional toes on each foot
hoofed mammal, ungulate - any of a number of mammals with hooves that are superficially similar but not necessarily closely related taxonomically
Artiodactyla, order Artiodactyla - an order of hooved mammals of the subclass Eutheria (including pigs and peccaries and hippopotami and members of the suborder Ruminantia) having an even number of functional toes
swine - stout-bodied short-legged omnivorous animals
musk hog, peccary - nocturnal gregarious pig-like wild animals of North America and South America
hippopotamus, Hippopotamus amphibius, river horse, hippo - massive thick-skinned herbivorous animal living in or around rivers of tropical Africa
ruminant - any of various cud-chewing hoofed mammals having a stomach divided into four (occasionally three) compartments
camel - cud-chewing mammal used as a draft or saddle animal in desert regions
llama - wild or domesticated South American cud-chewing animal related to camels but smaller and lacking a hump
Vicugna vicugna, vicuna - small wild cud-chewing Andean animal similar to the guanaco but smaller; valued for its fleecy undercoat
Adj.1.artiodactyl - of or relating to or belonging to mammals of the order Artiodactylaartiodactyl - of or relating to or belonging to mammals of the order Artiodactyla
zoological science, zoology - the branch of biology that studies animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Small fragments make small differences in efficiency when rendering grease from fractured artiodactyl bones by boiling.
For biologists, the 45 or so species of deer -- many very different from each other -- are all artiodactyl ungulate ruminants of the Cervidaefamily, lacking upper incisors and a gall bladder.
NSP1, NSP4, and NSP5 clustered with sequences from artiodactyl hosts, however branching was not supported by significant bootstrap values (Figure 2, Appendix, panels E, H, I).
About 60 years ago, researchers first suggested that cetaceans were related to plant-eating ungulates, specifically to even-toed, artiodactyl mammals like sheep, antelope and pigs.
Essays include the molecular phylogeny of terrestrial artiodactyls, phylogenetic relationships of cetaceans to terrestrial artiodactyls, the earliest artiodactyls, the endemic European paleogene artiodactyls, and artiodactyl paleoecology and evolutionary trends; individual chapters discuss 16 families and superfamilies of artiodactyls.
The marsupials (1,2) and the small artiodactyl, Leptomeryx (3), are the only portions of the fauna which have been studied in detail.
A small new species of the anthracotheriid artiodactyl genus Heptacodon is described from the middle Eocene Yegua Formation (Claiborne Group) from a site near Lovelady, Houston County, Texas.
Since living cetaceans have no vestige of these bones, the discovery of early whales with distinctly artiodactyl ankles provides a "Rosetta stone" linking modern marine mammals to living artiodactyls, says Gingerich.
INTRODUCTION Faunal lists for the Medicine Pole Hills (MPH) Local Fauna have been reported (1,2), however, the only element of the fauna that has been studied in detail is the artiodactyl, Leptomeryx (3).
It is too large to represent a peccary and probably represents some other artiodactyl or a perissodactyl.
The pakicetid astragalus doesn't clearly resemble a mesonychid ankle or an artiodactyl ankle, Thewissen reported in the March SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY.
The earliest occupation, in the DI level, takes the form of several small fire hearths accompanied by a sparse scatter of artefacts and ecofacts on a bed of beach sand ('Sand 1'), capped by a variably thick layer of wind-deposited sand containing abundant artiodactyl scat ('Sand 2').