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A Mediterranean plant (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) of the mustard family, having flowers with purple-veined, yellowish-white petals and pungent, edible leaves. Also called rocket2, roquette.

[From Italian dialectal (Basilicata) arucola or a kindred Italian dialectal source, ultimately from Latin ērūca, bitter cruciferous herb, arugula, perhaps from ērūca, ū;rūca, caterpillar (arugula perhaps being so called from its hairy stems resembling caterpillars, or from the fact that cruciferous vegetables are often infested with caterpillars ), perhaps from ēr, hedgehog (with reference to the hairs and spines of some caterpillars).]


(əˈruːɡjʊlə) or


(Plants) another name for rocket22
[C20: from N Italian dialect]


(əˈru gə lə)

a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used esp. in salads. Also called rocket .
[1965–70; appar. < an Upper Italian form akin to Lombard arigola, Venetian rucola < Latin ērūca arugula]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arugula - erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tenderarugula - erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
Eruca, genus Eruca - annual to perennial herbs of the Mediterranean region
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
References in periodicals archive ?
Ampelio from Bordighera/Imperia with his "Bordighera Monet" pizza (tomato sauce, fiordilatte mozzarella, swordfish slices marinated in Extravergin olive oil, lemon, pink pepper, champagne, cherry tomatoes, parmigiano reggiano, arugola and tagghiache olives)
Il termine rugola, che secondo Pierno non esisterebbe nell'inglese americano e registrato come sinonimo di "arugula" nel Random House, e nel nostro dizionario indichiamo la base dialettale veneta arugola.