arum family


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Related to arum family: aroid, Araceae

ar′um fam`ily

(ˈɛər əm)

n.
a family, Araceae, of herbaceous plants bearing numerous tiny flowers on a fleshy spike above or sheathed by a large spathe: includes the anthurium, calla lily, jack-in-the-pulpit, and philodendron.
[1545–55; < New Latin, Latin < Greek áron wake-robin]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.arum family - anthuriumarum family - anthurium; calla lily; jack-in-the-pulpit; philodendron
liliopsid family, monocot family - family of flowering plants having a single cotyledon (embryonic leaf) in the seed
Arales, order Arales - Araceae; Lemnaceae
aroid, arum - any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe
genus Arum - type genus of the Araceae: tuberous perennial herbs of Europe and Asia with usually heart-shaped leaves
Acorus, genus Acorus - sweet flags; sometimes placed in subfamily Acoraceae
Acoraceae, subfamily Acoraceae - used in some classifications for the genus Acorus which is usually assigned to Araceae
Aglaonema, genus Aglaonema - climbing herbs of southeastern Asia having thick fleshy oblong leaves and naked unisexual flowers: Chinese evergreen
genus Alocasia - tropical Asiatic herbs similar to Colocasia but distinguished by a large sterile spadix
genus Amorphophallus - genus of large tropical east Asian cormous aroids: devil's tongue; snake palm
genus Anthurium - large genus of often epiphytic evergreen tropical American plants often cultivated as houseplants
Arisaema, genus Arisaema - tuberous or rhizomatous herbaceous perennials
Arisarum, genus Arisarum - tuberous or rhizomatous perennial herbs; mainly Mediterranean area
genus Caladium - small genus of tropical South American tuberous perennials with large variously colored leaves
genus Calla, Calla - water arum
Colocasia, genus Colocasia - small genus of perennial tuberous herbs of tropical Asia: taro
genus Cryptocoryne - water trumpet; aquatic herbs having broad leaves and long slender spathes; often used as aquarium plants
Dieffenbachia, genus Dieffenbachia - evergreen perennial herbs of tropical America with lush foliage and poisonous sap; often cultivated as houseplants
genus Dracontium - small genus of tropical American cormous herbs
Dracunculus, genus Dracunculus - tuberous herbaceous perennials: dragon arum
Epipremnum, genus Epipremnum - small genus of evergreen lianas of southeastern Asia to western Pacific areas
genus Monstera - tropical American climbing plant with deeply incised leaves
genus Nephthytis - small genus of tropical western African creeping or twining herbs
genus Orontium, Orontium - one species of aquatic plant: golden club
genus Peltandra, Peltandra - small genus of North American marsh or aquatic herbs
genus Philodendron - any of several tropical American climbing plants with smooth shiny evergreen leaves
genus Pistia - one species: water lettuce
genus Pothos, genus Scindapsus, Scindapsus - evergreen climbers with adhesive adventitious roots; southeastern Asia and Brazil
genus Spathiphyllum - evergreen rhizomatous perennials of tropical America and Philippines and Indonesia
genus Symplocarpus, Symplocarpus - one species: skunk cabbage
genus Syngonium, Syngonium - epiphytic or terrestrial climbing shrubs of Central and South America; used as ornamental houseplants for their velvety foliage
genus Xanthosoma, Xanthosoma - tropical American tuberous perennials
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the true Arums, there is a huge range of plants from the Arum family for you to search out, including the Peace Lily, Spathiphyllum; the mouse plant, Arisarum proboscideum with its strange long-tailed spathes; the Arisaema's that have become so popular for collectors over recent years; the bog Arum, Calla pallustris; the Yellow Skunk Cabbage, Lysichiton americanus with its distinctive musky smell and the Flamingo Flower, Anthurium andraeanum.
The wonderfully-named Amorphophallus is also called the Mis-shapen Penis Plant, one of 170 tuberous tropical plants from the Arum family, which thrive in West Africa.
Philodendrons belong to the arum family (Araceae), which includes many popular indoor plants such as devil's ivy (Pothos), arrowhead vine (Syngonium), Swiss cheese plant (Monstera), peace lily (Spathiphyllum), dumb cane (Dieffenbachia) and Chinese evergreen (Aglaonema).