asperity


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as·per·i·ty

 (ă-spĕr′ĭ-tē)
n. pl. as·per·i·ties
1.
a. Roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate: the asperity of northern winters.
b. Severity; rigor.
2. A slight projection from a surface; a point or bump.
3. Harshness of manner; ill temper or irritability.

[Middle English asperite, from Old French asprete, from Latin asperitās, from asper, rough.]

asperity

(æˈspɛrɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. roughness or sharpness of temper
2. roughness or harshness of a surface, sound, taste, etc
3. a condition hard to endure; affliction
4. (General Physics) physics the elastically compressed region of contact between two surfaces caused by the normal force
[C16: from Latin asperitās, from asper rough]

as•per•i•ty

(əˈspɛr ɪ ti)

n., pl. -ties.
1. harshness or sharpness of tone, temper, or manner; severity; acrimony.
2. hardship; difficulty; rigor.
3. roughness of surface; unevenness.
4. something rough or harsh.
[1200–50; < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin asperitās <asper rough]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Switch to new thesaurus
Noun1.asperity - something hard to endureasperity - something hard to endure; "the asperity of northern winters"
difficultness, difficulty - the quality of being difficult; "they agreed about the difficulty of the climb"
sternness - the quality (as of scenery) being grim and gloomy and forbidding; "the sternness of his surroundings made him uncomfortable"
2.asperity - harshness of mannerasperity - harshness of manner      
ill nature - a disagreeable, irritable, or malevolent disposition

asperity

asperity

noun
Something that obstructs progress and requires great effort to overcome:
difficulty, hardship, rigor, vicissitude (often used in plural).
Idioms: a hard nut to crack, a hard row to hoe, heavy sledding.
Translations

asperity

[æsˈperɪtɪ] Naspereza f

asperity

[æˈspɛrɪti] (formal) n (= sharpness) with asperity → sèchement

asperity

nSchroffheit f no pl, → Schärfe f no pl; the asperities of the winter (liter)der raue Winter (geh)

asperity

[æˈspɛrɪtɪ] n (frm) (of manners, voice) → asprezza
References in classic literature ?
Her tone, as she uttered the exclamation, had a plaintive and really exquisite melody thrilling through it, yet without subduing a certain something which an obtuse auditor might still have mistaken for asperity.
answered her mother, with an asperity that she had never permitted to herself before.
Tom relished this tune less than any that he preceded it, for it began to wake up a sort of echo in his conscience; so he interrupted and said with decision, though without asperity, that he was not in a situation to help her, and wasn't going to do it.
Knightley loudly and warmly; and with calmer asperity, added, a few moments afterwards, "No, he is not her equal indeed, for he is as much her superior in sense as in situation.
Soft scene, daring demonstration, I would not have; and I stood in peril of both: a weapon of defence must be prepared--I whetted my tongue: as he reached me, I asked with asperity, "whom he was going to marry now?
Miss Wilson, after asking the housekeeper with some asperity why she had allowed that man to interfere in the attendance, explained to the guests that he was the idiot of the countryside.
Bear in mind, and let it not escape thy memory, how she receives thee; if she changes colour while thou art giving her my message; if she is agitated and disturbed at hearing my name; if she cannot rest upon her cushion, shouldst thou haply find her seated in the sumptuous state chamber proper to her rank; and should she be standing, observe if she poises herself now on one foot, now on the other; if she repeats two or three times the reply she gives thee; if she passes from gentleness to austerity, from asperity to tenderness; if she raises her hand to smooth her hair though it be not disarranged.
I hesitate not to submit it to the decision of any candid and honest adversary of the proposed government, whether language can furnish epithets of too much asperity, for so shameless and so prostitute an attempt to impose on the citizens of America.
Bennet, who assured him with some asperity that they were very well able to keep a good cook, and that her daughters had nothing to do in the kitchen.
Thus by a judicious exercise of tact and asperity we re-established the atmospheric equilibrium of the room long before I left them a little before midnight, now tenderly reconciled, to walk down to the harbour and hail the Tremolino by the usual soft whistle from the edge of the quay.
I have only accepted the mission near the king of France, monsieur le cardinal," retorted the comte, though with less asperity, for he thought he had sufficiently the advantage to show himself moderate.
He certainly was to blame occasionally for the asperity of his manners, and the arbitrary nature of his measures, yet much that is exceptionable in this part of his conduct may be traced to rigid notions of duty acquired in that tyrannical school, a ship of war, and to the construction given by his companions to the orders of Mr.