aspirate


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to aspirate: aspiration pneumonia

as·pi·rate

 (ăs′pə-rāt′)
tr.v. as·pi·rat·ed, as·pi·rat·ing, as·pi·rates
1. Linguistics
a. To pronounce (a vowel or word) with the initial release of breath associated with English h, as in hurry.
b. To follow (a consonant, especially a stop consonant) with a puff of breath that is clearly audible before the next sound begins, as in English pit or kit.
2. To draw (liquid or a foreign object, for example) into the respiratory tract when taking a breath.
3. Medicine
a. To remove (a liquid or gas) from the body by aspiration.
b. To suction (a body part or growth, for example) for the removal of a liquid or gas.
n. (-pər-ĭt)
1. Linguistics
a. The speech sound represented by English h.
b. The puff of air accompanying the release of a stop consonant.
c. A speech sound followed by a puff of breath.
2. Medicine Matter removed by aspiration.

[Latin aspīrāre, aspīrāt-, to breathe on : ad-, ad- + spīrāre, to breathe.]

aspirate

vb (tr)
1. (Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics
a. to articulate (a stop) with some force, so that breath escapes with audible friction as the stop is released
b. to pronounce (a word or syllable) with an initial h
2. (Medicine) to draw in or remove by inhalation or suction, esp to suck (air or fluid) from a body cavity or to inhale (fluid) into the lungs after vomiting
3. (Automotive Engineering) to supply air to (an internal-combustion engine)
n
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics
a. a stop pronounced with an audible release of breath
b. the glottal fricative represented in English and several other languages as h
adj
(Phonetics & Phonology) phonetics (of a stop) pronounced with a forceful and audible expulsion of breath

as•pi•rate

(v. ˈæs pəˌreɪt; n., adj., -pər ɪt)

v. -rat•ed, -rat•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1.
a. to articulate (a speech sound, esp. a stop) so as to produce an audible puff of breath, as in the first t of total.
b. to articulate (the beginning of a word or syllable) with an h-sound.
2.
a. to remove (a fluid) from a body cavity by aspiration.
b. to inhale (fluid or a foreign body).
3. to draw or remove by suction.
n.
4. a speech sound produced with an audible puff of breath, as initial stop consonants in English or initial h-sounds.
5. the substance or contents inhaled in aspiration.
adj.
6. (of a speech sound) pronounced with or accompanied by aspiration; aspirated.
[1660–70; < Latin aspīrātus, past participle of aspīrāre. See aspire]

as·pi·rate

(ăs′pə-rāt′)
To remove a liquid or gas from a body cavity by suction. aspirate the lungs.

aspirate


Past participle: aspirated
Gerund: aspirating

Imperative
aspirate
aspirate
Present
I aspirate
you aspirate
he/she/it aspirates
we aspirate
you aspirate
they aspirate
Preterite
I aspirated
you aspirated
he/she/it aspirated
we aspirated
you aspirated
they aspirated
Present Continuous
I am aspirating
you are aspirating
he/she/it is aspirating
we are aspirating
you are aspirating
they are aspirating
Present Perfect
I have aspirated
you have aspirated
he/she/it has aspirated
we have aspirated
you have aspirated
they have aspirated
Past Continuous
I was aspirating
you were aspirating
he/she/it was aspirating
we were aspirating
you were aspirating
they were aspirating
Past Perfect
I had aspirated
you had aspirated
he/she/it had aspirated
we had aspirated
you had aspirated
they had aspirated
Future
I will aspirate
you will aspirate
he/she/it will aspirate
we will aspirate
you will aspirate
they will aspirate
Future Perfect
I will have aspirated
you will have aspirated
he/she/it will have aspirated
we will have aspirated
you will have aspirated
they will have aspirated
Future Continuous
I will be aspirating
you will be aspirating
he/she/it will be aspirating
we will be aspirating
you will be aspirating
they will be aspirating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been aspirating
you have been aspirating
he/she/it has been aspirating
we have been aspirating
you have been aspirating
they have been aspirating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been aspirating
you will have been aspirating
he/she/it will have been aspirating
we will have been aspirating
you will have been aspirating
they will have been aspirating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been aspirating
you had been aspirating
he/she/it had been aspirating
we had been aspirating
you had been aspirating
they had been aspirating
Conditional
I would aspirate
you would aspirate
he/she/it would aspirate
we would aspirate
you would aspirate
they would aspirate
Past Conditional
I would have aspirated
you would have aspirated
he/she/it would have aspirated
we would have aspirated
you would have aspirated
they would have aspirated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aspirate - a consonant pronounced with aspiration
consonant - a speech sound that is not a vowel
Verb1.aspirate - remove as if by suction; "aspirate the wound"
remove, take away, withdraw, take - remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; "remove a threat"; "remove a wrapper"; "Remove the dirty dishes from the table"; "take the gun from your pocket"; "This machine withdraws heat from the environment"
suck in, draw in - draw in as if by suction; "suck in your cheeks and stomach"
2.aspirate - pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds
enounce, enunciate, pronounce, sound out, articulate, say - speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way; "She pronounces French words in a funny way"; "I cannot say `zip wire'"; "Can the child sound out this complicated word?"
3.aspirate - suck in (air)
breathe in, inhale, inspire - draw in (air); "Inhale deeply"; "inhale the fresh mountain air"; "The patient has trouble inspiring"; "The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well"
Translations

aspirate

A. [ˈæspərɪt] ADJaspirado
B. [ˈæspərɪt] Naspirada f
C. [ˈæspəreɪt] VTaspirar
aspirated HH f aspirada

aspirate

[ˈæspɪreɪt]
vtaspirer
[ˈæspɪrət] adj (LINGUISTICS)aspiré(e)

aspirate

nAspirata f (spec), → Hauchlaut m

aspirate

[adj, n ˈæsprɪt; vb ˈæspəreɪt]
1. adjaspirato/a
2. nsuono aspirato
3. vtaspirare

as·pi·rate

vt. aspirar.

aspirate

vt (to inhale) aspirar; (to remove fluid with a syringe) aspirar, sacar líquido con una jeringa
References in classic literature ?
At the enunciation of the aspirate, Fuddy-Duddy, the incapable terrapin, came to a dead halt, and before the vowel had died away up the ravine had folded up all his eight legs and lain down in the dusty road, regardless of the effect upon his derned skin.
In England, Angleterre, England, We Aspirate the "H," and We Say "Horse.
Some slipped a little downward, some got higher footing: people denied aspirates, gained wealth, and fastidious gentlemen stood for boroughs; some were caught in political currents, some in ecclesiastical, and perhaps found themselves surprisingly grouped in consequence; while a few personages or families that stood with rocky firmness amid all this fluctuation, were slowly presenting new aspects in spite of solidity, and altering with the double change of self and beholder.
No acid-fast bacilli or other bacteria were observed on blood and tracheal aspirate smears.
Power3's chief scientific officer, said the patent-pending test evaluates the concentrations of 19 key biomarkers in initial diagnostic patient bone marrow aspirate samples to predict sensitivity or resistance to the drug prior to treatment.
The second presentation, "Biomarkers for Diagnosis and Targeting of Resistance and Sensitivity to Imatinib Mesylate in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia," included a two and a half hour poster presentation covering bone marrow aspirate biomarkers and tests to predict sensitivity or resistance to Gleevec in Leukemia, the mechanism of resistance and drug targets measured in bone marrow.
During the past year, Power3 has conducted clinical validation studies of its breast nipple aspirate fluid breast cancer test at three clinical sites: Mercy Woman's Center in Oklahoma City, the NYU Medical Center in New York City, and Obstetrics and Gynecological Associates at The Woman's Hospital in Houston.
In a prospective clinical study comparing lumbar fusions using an autograft from the patient's iliac crest with ALLOMATRIX(R) Custom Biocomposite combined with bone marrow aspirate (BMA) and local bone, outcomes were found to be substantially equivalent.
HydroCision's HydroSurgery system, including SpineJet XL instruments, uses a high-velocity stream of water to simultaneously cut and aspirate tissue from the spinal disc space in preparation for fusion.
In addition, Power3 was awarded an in-licensed patent in 2005 for technology developed in collaboration with a world-renown cancer research center, covering cancer biomarker discovery in breast nipple aspirate fluids.
Preferred respiratory samples for influenza testing include nasopharyngeal or nasal swab and nasal wash or aspirate, depending on which type of test is used (Table 2, page 14).