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1. One who murders by surprise attack, especially one who carries out a plot to kill a prominent person.
2. Assassin A member of a militant subgroup of Ismailis that in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries carried out political assassinations directed especially against Seljuk rule.
[French, from Medieval Latin assassīnus, from Arabic ḥaššāšīn, pl. of ḥaššāš, hashish user, from ḥašīš, hashish; see hashish.]
Word History: The history of the word assassin shows how legends can influence the development of words as powerfully as facts. European legends about a murderous, drug-crazed sect called the Assassins grew up around the Nizaris, a group of Ismaili Shi'ite Muslims that held strongholds in Iran and Syria from the 11th to the 13th century. The Nizaris opposed the rule of the Seljuk dynasty and the Abbasid caliphs, who were Sunni and regarded the Nizaris as unorthodox outcasts. Sunni accounts of the Nizaris accused them of all sorts of irreligious practices, and one term of abuse applied to the Nizaris was the Arabic word ḥaššāšīn, meaning "hashish users." Reliable sources, however, offer no evidence of hashish use by Nizaris. The Nizaris mounted resistance to this persecution, and one of their most formidable weapons against the Seljuks was the threat of sudden execution by secret agents. Attacks on several leaders among the Crusaders were also attributed to Nizari agents. When the Crusaders returned to Europe, they embellished upon what they had heard about the Nizaris from the group's enemies and told sensational stories about the ḥaššāšīn or Assassins. Marco Polo spun a tale of how young Assassins were given a potion and made to yearn for paradise—their reward for dying in action—by being given a life of sensual pleasure before their secret missions. As the legends spread, the word ḥaššāšīn passed through Italian and French and appeared in English as assassin in the 1500s, already with meanings like "treacherous killer."
a murderer, esp one who kills a prominent political figure
[C16: from Medieval Latin assassīnus, from Arabic hashshāshīn, plural of hashshāsh one who eats hashish]
(Historical Terms) a member of a secret sect of Muslim fanatics operating in Persia and Syria from about 1090 to 1256, murdering their victims, usually Crusaders
1. a murderer, esp. one who kills a politically prominent person for fanatical or monetary reasons.
2. (cap.) one of an order of Muslim fanatics, active in Persia and Syria c1090–1272, whose chief object was to assassinate Crusaders.
[1525–35; < Medieval Latin assassinī (pl.) < Arabic ḥashshāshīn literally, eaters of hashish]
assassin- Thought by some to derive from an Arabic word meaning "hashish user," as members of an Islamic sect in various countries during the time of the Crusades (13th century) ate hashish to intoxicate themselves before setting out to assasinate enemy leaders.
See also related terms for country.
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|Noun||1.||assassin - a murderer (especially one who kills a prominent political figure) who kills by a surprise attack and often is hired to do the deed; "his assassins were hunted down like animals"; "assassinators of kings and emperors"|
political science, politics, government - the study of government of states and other political units
|2.||assassin - a member of a secret order of Muslims (founded in the 12th century) who terrorized and killed Christian Crusaders|
assassin[əˈsæsɪn] N → asesino/a m/f
assassin[əˈsæsɪn] n → assassin m
assassin[əˈsæsɪn] n → assassino/a
to murder, especially for political reasons. The president was assassinated by terrorists. vermoor يَغْتال، يَقْتُل غَدْراً убивам assassinar zavraždit (úkladně) ermorden snigmyrde δολοφονώasesinar reetlikult tapma کشتن؛ ترور کردن murhata assassiner לְהִתְנָקֵש हत्या करना izvršiti atentat orvul meggyilkol membunuh (laun)myrða assassinare 暗殺する 암살하다 nužudyti noslepkavot membunuh vermoordenmyrde dokonać zamachu مړکول، ترور کول assassinar a asasina убивать zavraždiť umoriti izvršiti atentat lönnmörda ลอบสังหาร suikast yapmak 暗殺 чинити вбивство з політичних мотивів قتل کرنا ، ہلاک کرنا ám sát 暗杀asˌsassiˈnation noun
sluipmoord إغْتِيال убийство assassinato vražda (úkladná) der Mordanschlag snigmord δολοφονίαasesinato salamõrv آدمکشی salamurha assassinatהתנקשות हत्या atentat (or)gyilkosság pembunuhan (laun)morð assassinio 暗殺 암살 nužudymas slepkavība pembunuhan moordmord zamach na życie انسان وژنه assassínio asasinat убийство vražda umor atentat lönnmord การลอบสังหาร suikast 暗殺 вбивство з політичних мотивів دھوکے سے قتل ، سیاسی قتل sự ám sát 暗杀asˈsassin noun
a person who assassinates. sluipmoordenaar مُغْتال، قاتِل убиец assassino vrah der/die Attentäter/in snigmorder δολοφόνοςasesino salamõrvar قاتل salamurhaaja assassin מִתְנָקֵש हत्यारा atentator orgyilkos pembunuh (laun)morðingi assassino 暗殺者 암살자 žudikas slepkava pembunuh moordenaarmorderzamachowiec وژونکی، قاتل assassino asasin убийца vrah morilec atentator, plaćeni ubica [lönn]mördare ผู้ลอบสังหาร katil 暗殺者暗殺者，刺客 найманий убивця قاتل kẻ ám sát 暗杀者，行刺者