assume


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Related to assume: assume responsibility

as·sume

 (ə-so͞om′)
v. as·sumed, as·sum·ing, as·sumes
v.tr.
1. To take for granted; suppose: The study assumes that prices will rise.
2.
a. To take upon oneself (a duty or obligation): assume responsibility; assume another's debts.
b. To undertake the duties of (an office): assumed the presidency.
3.
a. To take on (an appearance, role, or form, for example); adopt: "The god assumes a human form" (John Ruskin).
b. To pretend to have; feign: assume an air of authority.
4. To take over without justification; seize: assume control.
5. To clothe oneself in; don: The queen assumed a velvet robe.
6. To take up or receive into heaven.
v.intr.
To make a supposition; suppose or believe: "Is Kay's husband coming to dinner too?" "I assume so."

[Middle English assumen, from Latin assūmere : ad-, ad- + sūmere, to take; see em- in Indo-European roots.]

as·sum′a·bil′i·ty n.
as·sum′a·ble adj.
as·sum′a·bly adv.
as·sum′er n.

assume

(əˈsjuːm)
vb (tr)
1. (may take a clause as object) to take for granted; accept without proof; suppose: to assume that someone is sane.
2. to take upon oneself; undertake or take on or over (a position, responsibility, etc): to assume office.
3. to pretend to; feign: he assumed indifference, although the news affected him deeply.
4. to take or put on; adopt: the problem assumed gigantic proportions.
5. to appropriate or usurp (power, control, etc); arrogate: the revolutionaries assumed control of the city.
6. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity (of God) to take up (the soul of a believer) into heaven
[C15: from Latin assūmere to take up, from sūmere to take up, from sub- + emere to take]
asˈsumable adj
asˈsumer n

as•sume

(əˈsum)

v.t. -sumed, -sum•ing.
1. to take for granted or without proof; suppose; postulate; posit.
2. to take upon oneself; undertake or accept: to assume responsibility.
3. to take over the duties or responsibilities of: to assume the office of treasurer.
4. to adopt (a particular character, quality, mode of life, etc.): to assume the role of patron of the arts.
5. to take on; become endowed with: The situation assumed a threatening character.
6. to pretend to have or be; feign: to assume a humble manner.
7. to seize; usurp: to assume control.
8. to take upon oneself (the debts or obligations of another).
v.i.
9. to take something for granted; presume.
[1400–50; late Middle English (< Anglo-French assumer) < Latin assūmere to take up, adopt =as- as- + sūmere to pick up; see consume]
as•sum′a•ble, adj.
as•sum`a•bil′i•ty, n.
as•sum′a•bly, adv.
as•sum′er, n.
syn: See pretend.

assume


Past participle: assumed
Gerund: assuming

Imperative
assume
assume
Present
I assume
you assume
he/she/it assumes
we assume
you assume
they assume
Preterite
I assumed
you assumed
he/she/it assumed
we assumed
you assumed
they assumed
Present Continuous
I am assuming
you are assuming
he/she/it is assuming
we are assuming
you are assuming
they are assuming
Present Perfect
I have assumed
you have assumed
he/she/it has assumed
we have assumed
you have assumed
they have assumed
Past Continuous
I was assuming
you were assuming
he/she/it was assuming
we were assuming
you were assuming
they were assuming
Past Perfect
I had assumed
you had assumed
he/she/it had assumed
we had assumed
you had assumed
they had assumed
Future
I will assume
you will assume
he/she/it will assume
we will assume
you will assume
they will assume
Future Perfect
I will have assumed
you will have assumed
he/she/it will have assumed
we will have assumed
you will have assumed
they will have assumed
Future Continuous
I will be assuming
you will be assuming
he/she/it will be assuming
we will be assuming
you will be assuming
they will be assuming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been assuming
you have been assuming
he/she/it has been assuming
we have been assuming
you have been assuming
they have been assuming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been assuming
you will have been assuming
he/she/it will have been assuming
we will have been assuming
you will have been assuming
they will have been assuming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been assuming
you had been assuming
he/she/it had been assuming
we had been assuming
you had been assuming
they had been assuming
Conditional
I would assume
you would assume
he/she/it would assume
we would assume
you would assume
they would assume
Past Conditional
I would have assumed
you would have assumed
he/she/it would have assumed
we would have assumed
you would have assumed
they would have assumed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.assume - take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof; "I assume his train was late"
presuppose, suppose - take for granted or as a given; suppose beforehand; "I presuppose that you have done your work"
anticipate, expect - regard something as probable or likely; "The meteorologists are expecting rain for tomorrow"
2.assume - take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilitiesassume - take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities; "When will the new President assume office?"
resume - assume anew; "resume a title"; "resume an office"; "resume one's duties"
take office - assume an office, duty, or title; "When will the new President take office?"
3.assume - take on a certain form, attribute, or aspectassume - take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; "His voice took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
re-assume - take on again, as after a time lapse; "He re-assumed his old behavior"
4.assume - take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person; "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the responsibility"
take - take into one's possession; "We are taking an orphan from Romania"; "I'll take three salmon steaks"
carry-the can, face the music - accept the unpleasant consequences of one's actions
5.assume - occupy or take onassume - occupy or take on; "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
fill, occupy, take - assume, as of positions or roles; "She took the job as director of development"; "he occupies the position of manager"; "the young prince will soon occupy the throne"
6.assume - seize and take control without authority and possibly with forceassume - seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession; "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"
take - take by force; "Hitler took the Baltic Republics"; "The army took the fort on the hill"
annex - take (territory) as if by conquest; "Hitler annexed Lithuania"
appropriate, conquer, seize, capture - take possession of by force, as after an invasion; "the invaders seized the land and property of the inhabitants"; "The army seized the town"; "The militia captured the castle"
preoccupy - occupy or take possession of beforehand or before another or appropriate for use in advance; "the army preoccupied the hills"
hijack - seize control of; "they hijacked the judicial process"
raid - take over (a company) by buying a controlling interest of its stock; "T. Boone Pickens raided many large companies"
7.assume - make a pretence of; "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"
pretend, dissemble, act - behave unnaturally or affectedly; "She's just acting"
play - pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity; "Let's play like I am mommy"; "Play cowboy and Indians"
feint - deceive by a mock action; "The midfielder feinted to shoot"
8.assume - take up someone's soul into heaven; "This is the day when May was assumed into heaven"
Christian religion, Christianity - a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
receive, take in, invite - express willingness to have in one's home or environs; "The community warmly received the refugees"
9.assume - put clothing on one's bodyassume - put clothing on one's body; "What should I wear today?"; "He put on his best suit for the wedding"; "The princess donned a long blue dress"; "The queen assumed the stately robes"; "He got into his jeans"
dress, get dressed - put on clothes; "we had to dress quickly"; "dress the patient"; "Can the child dress by herself?"
hat - put on or wear a hat; "He was unsuitably hatted"
try on, try - put on a garment in order to see whether it fits and looks nice; "Try on this sweater to see how it looks"
scarf - wrap in or adorn with a scarf
slip on - put on with ease or speed; "slip into something more comfortable after work"; "slip on one's shoes"

assume

verb
1. presume, think, believe, expect, accept, suppose, imagine, suspect, guess (informal, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), take it, fancy, take for granted, infer, conjecture, postulate, surmise, presuppose It is a mistake to assume that the two are similar.
presume know, prove
3. simulate, affect, adopt, put on, imitate, mimic, sham, counterfeit, feign, impersonate He assumed an air of superiority.
4. take over, take, appropriate, acquire, seize, hijack, confiscate, wrest, usurp, lay claim to, pre-empt, commandeer, requisition, expropriate, arrogate If there is no president, power will be assumed by extremist forces.
take over leave, give up, hand over, relinquish, put aside

assume

verb
1. To take upon oneself:
2. To put (an article of clothing) on one's person:
3. To take on or give a false appearance of:
Idiom: make believe.
4. To take for granted without proof:
Informal: reckon.
5. To lay claim to for oneself or as one's right:
Translations
يَأخُذ عَلى عَاتِقِهيَتَظاهَريَفْتَرِضيَفْتَرِضُ
předpokládatpřevzítpřijmoutnasadit
antageformodegå ud fraovertagepåtage
olettaa
pretpostaviti
felöltölt
taka á sig, setja upp; gera sér upptaka aî sértelja víst
想定する
가정하다
apsimestinisimtismanytinetikrasprielaida
pieņemtuzņemtiesuzskatīt
nasadiť si
domnevati
anta
ทึกทักเอา
varsaymakyüklenmek…olduğunu düşünmekkendine …süsü vermektaslamak
giả thiết

assume

[əˈsjuːm] VT
1. (= suppose) → suponer
we may therefore assume thatasí, es de suponer que ...
let us assume thatpongamos por caso or supongamos que ...
assuming thatsuponiendo que ..., en el supuesto de que ...
you are assuming a lotsupones demasiado, eso es mucho suponer
you resigned, I assumedimitiste, me imagino
2. (= take on, take over) [+ power, control, responsibility] → asumir; [+ authority] (unjustly) → apropiarse, arrogarse
3. (= adopt) [+ name, attitude, look of surprise] → adoptar; [+ air] → darse

assume

[əˈsjuːm] vt
(= suppose) → supposer
to assume (that) ... → supposer que ...
I assume she won't be coming → Je suppose qu'elle ne viendra pas.
let us assume that ... → supposons que ...
assuming (that) ... → supposons que ...
(= take on) [+ responsibilities] → assumer; [+ attitude] → prendre, adopter; [+ name] → prendre, adopter; [+ look] → prendre
Her eyes assumed a strange, weary look → Ses yeux prirent une expression étrange, lasse.assumed name nnom m d'emprunt

assume

vt
(= take for granted, suppose)annehmen; (= presuppose)voraussetzen; let us assume that you are rightnehmen wir an or gehen wir davon aus, Sie hätten recht; assuming (that) …angenommen(, dass) …; assuming (that) this is true …angenommen or vorausgesetzt, (dass) das stimmt; Professor X assumes as his basic premise that …Professor X geht von der Grundvoraussetzung aus, dass …
power, controlübernehmen; (forcefully) → ergreifen
(= take on) name, titleannehmen, sich (dat)zulegen; guise, shape, attitudeannehmen; to assume officesein Amt antreten; to assume a look of innocence/surpriseeine unschuldige/überraschte Miene aufsetzen; the problem has assumed a new importancedas Problem hat neue Bedeutung gewonnen; the sky assumed a reddish glow (liter)der Himmel nahm rötliche Glut an (poet)

assume

[əˈsjuːm] vt
a. (suppose) → supporre, presumere, presupporre
assuming that ... → supponendo che...
b. (power, control, attitude) → assumere, prendere
to assume responsibility for → assumersi la responsabilità di

assume

(əˈsjuːm) verb
1. to take or accept as true. I assume (that) you'd like time to decide.
2. to take upon oneself or accept (authority, responsibility etc). He assumed the rôle of leader in the emergency.
3. to put on (a particular appearance etc). He assumed a look of horror.
asˈsumed adjective
pretended; not genuine. assumed astonishment; He wrote under an assumed name (= not using his real name).
asˈsumption (-ˈsamp-) noun
something assumed. On the assumption that we can produce four pages an hour, the work will be finished tomorrow.

assume

يَفْتَرِضُ předpokládat antage annehmen υποθέτω suponer olettaa présumer pretpostaviti presumere 想定する 가정하다 aannemen anta przypuścić presumir считать anta ทึกทักเอา varsaymak giả thiết 假定
References in classic literature ?
A distinguished personage happened to visit the school that morning, and Amy's beautifully drawn maps received praise, which honor to her foe rankled in the soul of Miss Snow, and caused Miss March to assume the airs of a studious young peacock.
Judge not too rashly from hasty and deceptive appearances," said the lady, smiling; "though Major Heyward can assume such deep notes on occasion, believe me, his natural tones are better fitted for a mellow tenor than the bass you heard.
He was quite pale and agitated, although attempting, by a jaunty swinging of the switch he had just cut, to assume the appearance of ease and confidence.
All, as they approached, looked upward at the imposing edifice, which was henceforth to assume its rank among the habitations of mankind.
Had it been otherwise -- had an active politician been put into this influential post, to assume the easy task of making head against a Whig Collector, whose infirmities withheld him from the personal administration of his office -- hardly a man of the old corps would have drawn the breath of official life within a month after the exterminating angel had come up the Custom-House steps.
I found it simple, in my ignorance, my confusion, and perhaps my conceit, to assume that I could deal with a boy whose education for the world was all on the point of beginning.
For be a man's intellectual superiority what it will, it can never assume the practical, available supremacy over other men, without the aid of some sort of external arts and entrenchments, always, in themselves, more or less paltry and base.
But as you come nearer to this great head it begins to assume different aspects, according to your point of view.
While she was thinking what to say, Marie gradually wiped away her tears, and smoothed her plumage in a general sort of way, as a dove might be supposed to make toilet after a shower, and began a housewifely chat with Miss Ophelia, concerning cupboards, closets, linen-presses, store-rooms, and other matters, of which the latter was, by common understanding, to assume the direction, --giving her so many cautious directions and charges, that a head less systematic and business-like than Miss Ophelia's would have been utterly dizzied and confounded.
The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right.
My idea was to get loose some night, along with the king, then gag and bind our master, change clothes with him, batter him into the aspect of a stranger, hitch him to the slave-chain, assume possession of the property, march to Camelot, and --
Their present distance from the cliffs from which they were derived is about 420,000 feet, and if we assume that they traveled at the rate of 400 feet per annum, their journey must have occupied them no less than 1,055 years