asylum


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

a·sy·lum

 (ə-sī′ləm)
n.
1. Protection and immunity from extradition granted by a government to a political refugee from another country.
2.
a. A place offering protection and safety; a shelter. See Synonyms at shelter.
b. Protection or shelter; refuge: viewed her friend's apartment as a place of asylum.
c. A place, such as a church, formerly constituting an inviolable refuge for criminals or debtors.
3. An institution for the care of people, especially those with physical or mental disabilities, who require organized supervision or assistance.

[Middle English asilum, refuge, from Latin asȳlum, from Greek asūlon, sanctuary, from neuter of asūlos, inviolable : a-, without; see a-1 + sūlon, right of seizure.]

asylum

(əˈsaɪləm)
n
1. a safe or inviolable place of refuge, esp as formerly offered by the Christian Church to criminals, outlaws, etc; sanctuary (often in the phrase give asylum to)
2. shelter; refuge
3. (Law) international law refuge afforded to a person whose extradition is sought by a foreign government: political asylum.
4. (Social Welfare) obsolete an institution for the shelter, treatment, or confinement of individuals, esp a mental hospital (formerly termed lunatic asylum)
[C15: via Latin from Greek asulon refuge, from asulos that may not be seized, from a-1 + sulon right of seizure]

a•sy•lum

(əˈsaɪ ləm)

n.
1. (esp. formerly) an institution for the maintenance and care of the mentally ill, orphans, or other persons requiring specialized assistance.
2. an inviolable refuge, as formerly for criminals and debtors; sanctuary.
3. protection or shelter granted by a country or embassy to refugees from another country, esp. refugees escaping arrest or prosecution: political asylum.
4. any secure retreat.
[1400–50; late Middle English; < Latin < Greek ásȳlon sanctuary =a- a-6 + sŷlon right of seizure]

asylum

- Comes from Greek asulon, "refuge," from asulos, "inviolable."
See also related terms for refuge.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.asylum - a shelter from danger or hardship
harbor, harbour - a place of refuge and comfort and security
safehold - a refuge from attack
safe house - a house used as a hiding place or refuge by members of certain organizations
shelter - a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger
2.asylum - a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced personasylum - a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person
hospital, infirmary - a health facility where patients receive treatment

asylum

noun
1. (Old-fashioned) mental hospital, hospital, institution, psychiatric hospital, madhouse (informal), funny farm (facetious), loony bin (slang), nuthouse (slang), rubber room (U.S. slang), laughing academy (U.S. slang) He spent the rest of his life in a mental asylum.
2. refuge, security, haven, safety, protection, preserve, shelter, retreat, harbour, sanctuary He applied for asylum after fleeing his home country.

asylum

noun
1. An institution that provides care and shelter:
2. Something that physically protects, especially from danger:
3. The state of being protected or safeguarded, as from danger or hardship:
Translations
مَلْجَأمَلْجَأ لِلعَجَزَه
azylblázinec
asylfristed
turvapaikka
azil
elmegyógyintézetmenedékjog
geîveikrahælihæli
亡命
보호 시설
prieglaudaprieglobstispsichiatrinė ligoninė
patvērumspsihiatriskā slimnīca
azyl
azil
asyl
ที่ลี้ภัย
nơi ẩn náu

asylum

[əˈsaɪləm]
A. N
1. (= refuge) → asilo m
to seek political asylumpedir asilo político
to afford or give asylum to sb [place] → servir de asilo a algn; [person] → dar asilo a algn
2. (o.f.) (= mental hospital) → manicomio m
B. CPD asylum seeker Nsolicitante mf de asilo

asylum

[əˈsaɪləm] nasile m
to seek political asylum → demander l'asile politique
to claim asylum → demander l'asile
to claim political asylum → demander l'asile politique
to give sb asylum → donner asile à qn
to give sb political asylum → donner l'asile politique à qn
to grant sb asylum → accorder l'asile à qn
to grant sb political asylum → accorder l'asile politique à qnasylum seeker ndemandeur/euse m/f d'asile

asylum

n
Asyl nt; to ask for (political) asylumum (politisches) Asyl bitten
(= lunatic asylum)(Irren)anstalt f

asylum

[əˈsaɪləm] n
a. (refuge) → asilo, rifugio
to seek political asylum → chiedere asilo politico
b. (also lunatic asylum) → manicomio

asylum

(əˈsailəm) noun
1. safety; protection. He was granted political asylum.
2. an old name for a home for people who are mentally ill.

asylum

مَلْجَأ azyl asyl Asyl άσυλο asilo turvapaikka asile azil asilo politico 亡命 보호 시설 asiel asyl azyl asilo, asilo político убежище asyl ที่ลี้ภัย sığınma nơi ẩn náu 庇护

a·sy·lum

n. asilo.

asylum

n asilo; insane — (ant) hospital psiquiátrico or mental, manicomio (ant)
References in classic literature ?
There were in every suburb almost as many places of asylum as gallows.
Hence, condemned men were to be seen whose hair had grown white in a cloister, on the steps of a palace, in the enclosure of an abbey, beneath the porch of a church; in this manner the asylum was a prison as much as any other.
It had been accordingly arranged that he should remove Miserrimus Dexter to the asylum of which he was the proprietor as soon as the preparations for receiving the patient could be completed.
We're getting a little boy from an orphan asylum in Nova Scotia and he's coming on the train tonight.
Harker," said the coroner, gravely and tranquilly, "from what asylum did you last escape?
But the idea of absolute insanity which we all associate with the very name of an Asylum, had, I can honestly declare, never occurred to me, in connection with her.
When my father died at the asylum over at Day- ton, I went over there.
But it will be owing only to your labors, and the fearless efforts of those who, trampling the laws and Constitution of the country under their feet, are determined that they will "hide the out- cast," and that their hearths shall be, spite of the law, an asylum for the oppressed, if, some time or other, the humblest may stand in our streets, and bear witness in safety against the cruelties of which he has been the victim.
Do you belong to the asylum, or are you just on a visit or something like that?
And he was led away to the Asylum for the Indiscreet.
Loscombe's correspondent -- the nephew of the gentleman who owns this house, and whose charity has given me an asylum, during the heavy affliction of my sickness, under his own roof.
He told them that steps would be taken immediately to free his serfs- and that till then they were not to be overburdened with labor, women while nursing their babies were not to be sent to work, assistance was to be given to the serfs, punishments were to be admonitory and not corporal, and hospitals, asylums, and schools were to be established on all the estates.