(redirected from atamans)


n. pl. at·a·mans
A Cossack chief. Also called hetman.

[Russian, from South Turkic, leader of an armed band : ata, father + -man, augmentative suff.]


n, pl -mans
1. (Historical Terms) an elected leader of the Cossacks; hetman
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an elected leader of the Cossacks; hetman
[from Russian, from Polish hetman, from German Hauptmann (literally: head man)]


(ˈæt ə mən)

n., pl. -mans.
the elected chief of a Cossack village or military force.
[1825–35; < Russian]
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References in periodicals archive ?
But this oversimplifies the composite character of Don Cossackdom, for such usage of "Donskoe voisko" was a political convenience for both Muscovy and the Don atamans: Moscow sought the assistance of the atamans in controlling the population of the Upper Reaches, while the atamans claimed such control to enhance the prestige of the Host.
A truly comprehensive history of the Don Cossack condition would also devote greater attention to the Host's relationship to the cossacks enrolled in the tsar's service as patrol cossacks, distant-service cossacks, and service land atamans (storozhevye kazaki, palkovye kazaki, pomestnye atamany) performing defense duty on Muscovy's southern frontier.
Most of the negotiation worked because Peter I had no grand design to destroy the autonomy of the Don Host--he only wanted to establish stable boundaries for the Host and tame it by encasing it in Russian-controlled territory (168)--and because Host atamans like Frol Minaev were astute politicians who knew how to reaffirm their loyalty to Russia while controlling restless Cossack factions in the Host core.
Kolchak's regime did not govern well, if at all, as Cossack Atamans reigned supreme in their fiefdoms.