athetosis

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athetosis

(ˌæθəˈtəʊsɪs)
n
(Pathology) pathol a condition characterized by uncontrolled rhythmic writhing movement, esp of fingers, hands, head, and tongue, caused by cerebral lesion
[C19: from Greek athetos not in place, from a-1 + tithenai to place]
ˈatheˌtoid adj
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.athetosis - a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
nervous disorder, neurological disease, neurological disorder - a disorder of the nervous system
Translations

ath·e·to·sis

n. atetosis, condición con síntomas de contracciones involuntarias en las manos y los dedos y movimientos sin coordinación de las extremidades, esp. los brazos.
References in periodicals archive ?
The teenager was diagnosed with severe athetoid cerebral palsy, which has left him unable to walk, with limited mobility, learning difficulties and needing 24-hour care.
presents a dystonic quadriplegic CP with an athetoid component (36) as a perinatal anoxia (37) sequel caused by an umbilical cord compression.
3] TD is characterized by abnormal and involuntary movements (such as choreiform, athetoid and rhythmic) on orofacial, extremities, or even truncal region.
Involuntary athetoid [writhing] or choreiform [jerking] movements (lasting at least a few weeks) generally of the tongue, lower face and jaw, and extremities (but sometimes involving the pharyngeal, diaphragmatic, trunk muscles) developing in association with the use of a neuroleptic medication for at least a few months.
Marked athetoid writhing of the trunk, arms and legs - worse distally and with eyes closed, disappearing while asleep; an ataxic, wide-based gait with left foot drop (power 2/5); a complete right peripheral facial nerve palsy; right-sided fixed-flexion deformity of the first, third and fourth digits and fixed extension of the wrist (Figure 1); anaesthesia of the lower limbs to the level of the mid-tibia, with preservation of sensation on the dorsum of the right foot and loss of proprioception and vibration in the upper limbs to the elbow and in the left lower limb to the knee.
Sakai et al [39] carried out a biomechanical study of lumbar spinal disorders in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy, and found that the combined extension and rotation due to involuntary trunk motion could contribute to the high incidence of spondylolysis.
In rare instances, the Total Serum Bilirubin (TSB) reaches levels that can cause kernicterus, a condition characterized by bilirubin staining of neurons and neuronal necrosis involving primarily the basal ganglia of the brain and manifested in athetoid cerebral palsy, hearing loss, dental dysplasia, and paralysis of upward gaze.
No two individuals are affected in exactly the same way and there are a range of physical abilities but there are a number of similarities which have led to a broad classification of three types of cerebral palsy: spastic, athetoid and ataxic.
Dr William Frankland, a pioneer in allergy research who first introduced the study to the UK, is the oldest person on the list to receive an MBE at 103, while 17-year-old Natasha Lambert, who has athetoid cerebral palsy is the youngest, receiving a BEM for her work in fundraising.
According to the DSM-IV criteria, TD was diagnosed with at least four-week 208 history of choreiform, athetoid, or rhythmic involuntary movement and a history of use of neuroleptic medications for at least three months (or one month in individuals aged 60 years or older).
Dawn Hughes appealed to the Special Educational Needs and Disability Tribunal, arguing that Ellie, who has athetoid cerebral palsy and dystonia, needed the stability offered at Lyndale School in Eastham.