atomism


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Related to atomism: logical atomism

at·om·ism

 (ăt′ə-mĭz′əm)
n. Philosophy
1. The ancient theory of Democritus, Epicurus, and Lucretius, according to which simple, minute, indivisible, and indestructible particles are the basic components of the entire universe.
2. A theory according to which social institutions, values, and processes arise solely from the acts and interests of individuals, who thus constitute the only true subject of analysis.

at′om·ist n.

atomism

(ˈætəˌmɪzəm)
n
1. (Philosophy) an ancient philosophical theory, developed by Democritus and expounded by Lucretius, that the ultimate constituents of the universe are atoms. See atom3
2. (Philosophy)
a. any of a number of theories that hold that some objects or phenomena can be explained as constructed out of a small number of distinct types of simple indivisible entities
b. any theory that holds that an understanding of the parts is logically prior to an understanding of the whole. Compare holism3
3. (Psychology) psychol the theory that experiences and mental states are composed of elementary units
ˈatomist n, adj
ˌatomˈistic, ˌatomˈistical adj
ˌatomˈistically adv

at•om•ism

(ˈæt əˌmɪz əm)

n.
the theory that minute, discrete, and indivisible elements are the ultimate constituents of all matter.
[1670–80]
at′om•ist, n.
at`om•is′tic, adj.
at`om•is′ti•cal•ly, adv.

atomism

the theory that minute, discrete, finite, and indivisible elements are the ultimate constituents of all matter. Also called atomic theory. — atomist, n.atomistic, atomistical, adj.
See also: Philosophy

atomism

In Greek philosophy, the notion that matter is made up particles of solid matter moving in empty space.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.atomism - (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association
scientific theory - a theory that explains scientific observations; "scientific theories must be falsifiable"
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
2.atomism - (chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles; "the ancient Greek philosophers Democritus and Epicurus held atomic theories of the universe"
theory - a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; "theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses"; "true in fact and theory"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
holism, holistic theory - the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole; "holism holds that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts"; "holistic theory has been applied to ecology and language and mental states"
Translations

atomism

n (Philos) → Atomismus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Yes, trees seem to be wonderful examples of the atomism that has dominated biological thinking now for at least 150 years.
In chapter 3, Cassandra Gorman finds a spiritually voracious Traherne turning to atomism in order to discover "All in All," including his "most original theories about soul and self" (70, 71).
The unfolding of history in political movements is something that the atomism of most liberals has never paid attention to.
Vitruvius strips Epicureanism down, making use of its atomism while rejecting or ignoring its political components.
Some Ontological Consequences of Atomism, TRAVIS DUMSDAY
One slight difference is that Democritus's atomism is deterministic whereas the atomism of Lucretius and Epicurus is random.
In the second part, paradigm shifts in the nature of reality are addressed, including atomism, theories of light and heat, and quantum wavicles.
The influence of Lucretius is traced in Macchiavelli's view of religion as a means of repression through fear; in Valla's On Pleasure (De voluptate), written in the 1430s, not published until much later; in More's Utopia; in the works of Bruno; and, almost in passing, in the atomism of Thomas Hariot.
He writes about the changing experience of "modern crisis" in the century after the French Revolution, the modernization of slavery, Marx's insistence on a new kind of individuality against modern atomism (cf.
Stenger defines atomism as the idea that there are small particles, molecules, atoms, or subatomic particles, of which all things are made.
Instead of a modern conservatism competing against what is in fact a creaky liberalism--whose corporate cronyism and cultural atomism have engendered wide dissatisfaction--we have only the conservatism of what was versus the liberalism of what is.
David Bostock provides an exposition and evaluation of Bertrand Russell's logical atomism.