atomism


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Related to atomism: logical atomism

at·om·ism

 (ăt′ə-mĭz′əm)
n. Philosophy
1. The ancient theory of Democritus, Epicurus, and Lucretius, according to which simple, minute, indivisible, and indestructible particles are the basic components of the entire universe.
2. A theory according to which social institutions, values, and processes arise solely from the acts and interests of individuals, who thus constitute the only true subject of analysis.

at′om·ist n.

atomism

(ˈætəˌmɪzəm)
n
1. (Philosophy) an ancient philosophical theory, developed by Democritus and expounded by Lucretius, that the ultimate constituents of the universe are atoms. See atom3
2. (Philosophy)
a. any of a number of theories that hold that some objects or phenomena can be explained as constructed out of a small number of distinct types of simple indivisible entities
b. any theory that holds that an understanding of the parts is logically prior to an understanding of the whole. Compare holism3
3. (Psychology) psychol the theory that experiences and mental states are composed of elementary units
ˈatomist n, adj
ˌatomˈistic, ˌatomˈistical adj
ˌatomˈistically adv

at•om•ism

(ˈæt əˌmɪz əm)

n.
the theory that minute, discrete, and indivisible elements are the ultimate constituents of all matter.
[1670–80]
at′om•ist, n.
at`om•is′tic, adj.
at`om•is′ti•cal•ly, adv.

atomism

the theory that minute, discrete, finite, and indivisible elements are the ultimate constituents of all matter. Also called atomic theory. — atomist, n.atomistic, atomistical, adj.
See also: Philosophy

atomism

In Greek philosophy, the notion that matter is made up particles of solid matter moving in empty space.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.atomism - (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association
scientific theory - a theory that explains scientific observations; "scientific theories must be falsifiable"
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
2.atomism - (chemistry) any theory in which all matter is composed of tiny discrete finite indivisible indestructible particles; "the ancient Greek philosophers Democritus and Epicurus held atomic theories of the universe"
theory - a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena; "theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses"; "true in fact and theory"
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
holism, holistic theory - the theory that the parts of any whole cannot exist and cannot be understood except in their relation to the whole; "holism holds that the whole is greater than the sum of its parts"; "holistic theory has been applied to ecology and language and mental states"
Translations

atomism

n (Philos) → Atomismus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Some Ontological Consequences of Atomism, TRAVIS DUMSDAY
One slight difference is that Democritus's atomism is deterministic whereas the atomism of Lucretius and Epicurus is random.
Nor is there any discussion of the peculiar transformations Wittgenstein made upon the brand of atomism he picked up from his sometime teacher Bertrand Russell, a bit of intellectual history with crucial relevance for understanding how the picture theory of reference actually works, not to mention Wittgenstein's very idiosyncratic brand of metaphysical realism.
E Calvino, in questa operazione, recupera le radici stesse del pensiero attraverso l'atomismo lucreziano, scelta che lo accomuna agli artisti piu attend: "The quest for a new language in both urbanism and literature in the 60s--sottolinea rnfatti Modena--turned to atomism because semiotics (and its counterpart, structural linguistics) and Lucretian physics operate according to the same underlying principles" (25).
The materialist perspective of atomism places us in a different relation to time, by reminding us of the dirt we haunt and our obligation to it.
He writes about the changing experience of "modern crisis" in the century after the French Revolution, the modernization of slavery, Marx's insistence on a new kind of individuality against modern atomism (cf.
Instead of a modern conservatism competing against what is in fact a creaky liberalism--whose corporate cronyism and cultural atomism have engendered wide dissatisfaction--we have only the conservatism of what was versus the liberalism of what is.
David Bostock provides an exposition and evaluation of Bertrand Russell's logical atomism.
GOD AND THE ATOM; FROM DEMOCRITUS TO THE HIGGS BOSON: THE STORY OF A TRIUMPHANT IDEA provides a fine history of atomism and comes from a physicist who details how the scientific hypotheses evolved.
In doing so, he minutely described and anticipated the entropy and atomism of quantum physics.
He is noted by Dhanani as the first mutakallim to discuss space and time in a comprehensive manner, (70) and probably the first also to undertake a critical comparative study of atomism and hylomorphism of any comprehensive scope.
In the Physics of the Healing Avicenna further engages in argument with the mutakallimun, Islamic theologians, in particularly with regard to atomism.