atrophy


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to atrophy: dystrophy, Cerebral atrophy

at·ro·phy

 (ăt′rə-fē)
n. pl. at·ro·phies
1. A wasting or decrease in size of a body organ, tissue, or part owing to disease, injury, or lack of use: muscular atrophy of a person affected with paralysis.
2. A wasting away, deterioration, or diminution: intellectual atrophy.
v. at·ro·phied, at·ro·phy·ing, at·ro·phies
v.tr.
To cause to wither or deteriorate; affect with atrophy.
v.intr.
To waste away; wither or deteriorate.

[Late Latin atrophia, from Greek atrophiā, from atrophos, ill-nourished : a-, without; see a-1 + trophē, food.]

a·troph′ic (ā-trŏf′ĭk) adj.

atrophy

(ˈætrəfɪ)
n, pl -phies
1. (Pathology) a wasting away of an organ or part, or a failure to grow to normal size as the result of disease, faulty nutrition, etc
2. any degeneration or diminution, esp through lack of use
vb, -phies, -phying or -phied
to waste away or cause to waste away
[C17: from Late Latin atrophia, from Greek, from atrophos ill-fed, from a-1 + -trophos from trephein to feed]
atrophic adj

at•ro•phy

(ˈæ trə fi)

n., v. -phied, -phy•ing. n.
1. a wasting away of the body or of an organ or part, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.
2. degeneration or decline, as from disuse.
v.t.
3. to affect with atrophy.
v.i.
4. to undergo atrophy; wither; degenerate.
Also, a•tro•phi•a (əˈtroʊ fi ə)
[1590–1600; earlier atrophie (< Middle French) < Late Latin atrophia < Greek; see a-6, -trophy]
a•troph•ic (əˈtrɒf ɪk, əˈtroʊ fɪk) adj.

at·ro·phy

(ăt′rə-fē)
The wasting away of a body part, most commonly caused by disease or nerve damage.

atrophy

degeneration as the result of disuse, malnutrition, etc.
See also: Decaying

atrophy


Past participle: atrophied
Gerund: atrophying

Imperative
atrophy
atrophy
Present
I atrophy
you atrophy
he/she/it atrophies
we atrophy
you atrophy
they atrophy
Preterite
I atrophied
you atrophied
he/she/it atrophied
we atrophied
you atrophied
they atrophied
Present Continuous
I am atrophying
you are atrophying
he/she/it is atrophying
we are atrophying
you are atrophying
they are atrophying
Present Perfect
I have atrophied
you have atrophied
he/she/it has atrophied
we have atrophied
you have atrophied
they have atrophied
Past Continuous
I was atrophying
you were atrophying
he/she/it was atrophying
we were atrophying
you were atrophying
they were atrophying
Past Perfect
I had atrophied
you had atrophied
he/she/it had atrophied
we had atrophied
you had atrophied
they had atrophied
Future
I will atrophy
you will atrophy
he/she/it will atrophy
we will atrophy
you will atrophy
they will atrophy
Future Perfect
I will have atrophied
you will have atrophied
he/she/it will have atrophied
we will have atrophied
you will have atrophied
they will have atrophied
Future Continuous
I will be atrophying
you will be atrophying
he/she/it will be atrophying
we will be atrophying
you will be atrophying
they will be atrophying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been atrophying
you have been atrophying
he/she/it has been atrophying
we have been atrophying
you have been atrophying
they have been atrophying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been atrophying
you will have been atrophying
he/she/it will have been atrophying
we will have been atrophying
you will have been atrophying
they will have been atrophying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been atrophying
you had been atrophying
he/she/it had been atrophying
we had been atrophying
you had been atrophying
they had been atrophying
Conditional
I would atrophy
you would atrophy
he/she/it would atrophy
we would atrophy
you would atrophy
they would atrophy
Past Conditional
I would have atrophied
you would have atrophied
he/she/it would have atrophied
we would have atrophied
you would have atrophied
they would have atrophied

atrophy

1. The wasting or withering of muscle.
2. A wasting away and/or emaciation, caused by aging, disease, infection, or injury.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.atrophy - a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
amyotrophia, amyotrophy - progressive wasting of muscle tissues
tabes - wasting of the body during a chronic disease
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
kraurosis - atrophy and shriveling of the skin or mucous membrane
2.atrophy - any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
weakening - becoming weaker
Verb1.atrophy - undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy"
shrink, shrivel, shrivel up, wither - wither, as with a loss of moisture; "The fruit dried and shriveled"

atrophy

verb
1. waste away, waste, shrink, diminish, deteriorate, decay, dwindle, wither, wilt, degenerate, shrivel His muscle atrophied, and he was left lame.
2. decline, waste, fade, shrink, diminish, deteriorate, dwindle, wither, wilt, degenerate, shrivel, waste away If you let your mind stagnate, this talent will atrophy.
noun
1. wasting away, decline, wasting, decay, decaying, withering, deterioration, meltdown (informal), shrivelling, degeneration, diminution exercises to avoid atrophy of cartilage
2. wasting, decline, decay, decaying, withering, deterioration, meltdown (informal), shrivelling, degeneration, diminution, wasting away levels of consciousness which are in danger of atrophy

atrophy

noun
Descent to a lower level or condition:
verb
To become lower in quality, character, or condition:
Idioms: go bad, go to pot, go to seed , go to the dogs.
Translations
atrofijaatrofuotiatrofuotis

atrophy

[ˈætrəfɪ]
A. N (Med) → atrofia f
B. VIatrofiarse
C. VTatrofiar

atrophy

[ˈætrəfi]
n (MEDICINE)atrophie f
vt (MEDICINE)atrophier
vi (MEDICINE)s'atrophier

atrophy

nAtrophie f (geh), → Schwund m

atrophy

[ˈætrəfɪ] (Med) (fig)
1. natrofia
2. vtatrofizzare
3. viatrofizzarsi

at·ro·phy

n. atrofia, deteriorización de las células, tejidos y órganos del cuerpo;
acute yellow ___ of the liver___ amarilla hepática aguda;
alveolar ______ alveolar;
arthritic ______ artrítica;
artificial ______ artificial;
cerebellar ______ cerebelosa;
epileptic absence ______ por ausencia epiléptica;
infantile progressive spinal muscular ______ músculo-espinal infantil progresiva;
ischemic muscular ______ isquémica muscular;
juvenile muscular ______ muscular juvenil;
macular ______ macular;
multiple system ______ de sistema múltiple;
neurogenic ______ neurogénica;
nutritional type cerebellar ______ cerebelar de tipo nutricional;
ocular ______ ocular;
periodontal ______ periodontal;
postmenopausal ______ postmenopausia;
primary macular ___ of the skin___ macular primaria de la piel;
primary vascular ___ of the skin___ primaria vascular de la piel;
progressive cerebral ______ progresiva cerebral.

atrophy

n atrofia; vi (pret & pp -phied) (también to become atrophied) atrofiarse
References in classic literature ?
From a deficiency in this particular, one of two evils must ensue; either the people must be subjected to continual plunder, as a substitute for a more eligible mode of supplying the public wants, or the government must sink into a fatal atrophy, and, in a short course of time, perish.
This paralysis lasted, however, but a short time; for Tess's energies returned with the atrophy of his, and she walked as fast as she was able past the barn and onward.
AN Orator afflicted with atrophy of the organ of common-sense rose in his place in the halls of legislation and pointed with pride to his Unblotted Escutcheon.
This review provides an overview of the epidemiologic evidence for environmental etiologies for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, parkinsonian syndromes (multiple system atrophy and progressive supranuclear palsy), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
Rinka helps Tyler - who has spinal muscular atrophy and uses an electric wheelchair - with everything from picking objects up off the floor to opening and closing doors.
The OCT scan revealed marked retinal atrophy with cystic changes, overlying atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium, and increased reflectivity of the choroid.
The examination showed moderate gingivitis, generalized severe muscle atrophy, and severe bilateral femorotibial osteoarthritis.
It helps to improve circulation and reduce skin breakdown, and it aids in the prevention of disuse atrophy.
These clones of the unique genes will be used to further investigate the process of skeletal muscle atrophy as a result of exposure to microgravity.
University of Ottawa (Ontario, Canada) and Research Development Corporation of Japan (Tokyo, Japan) have patented a gene for autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder Spinal Muscular Atrophy mapped to a region of chromosome 5.
The key during the early phases of rehabilitation is to prevent further atrophy and begin the process of regaining lost muscle strength and size.
What's more, muscles atrophy, or shrink dur to lack of use, in space.