attenuate


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at·ten·u·ate

 (ə-tĕn′yo͞o-āt′)
v. at·ten·u·at·ed, at·ten·u·at·ing, at·ten·u·ates
v.tr.
1. To make slender, fine, or small: The drought attenuated the river to a narrow channel.
2. To reduce in force, value, amount, or degree; weaken: Medicine attenuated the fever's effect.
3. To lessen the density of; rarefy.
4. Biology To make (bacteria or viruses) less virulent.
5. Electronics To reduce (the amplitude of an electrical signal) with little or no distortion.
v.intr.
To become thin, weak, or fine.
adj. (-yo͞o-ĭt)
1. Reduced or weakened, as in strength, value, or virulence.
2. Botany Gradually tapering to a slender point.

[Latin attenuāre, attenuāt- : ad-, ad- + tenuāre, to make thin (from tenuis, thin; see ten- in Indo-European roots).]

at·ten′u·a′tion n.

attenuate

vb
1. to weaken or become weak; reduce in size, strength, density, or value
2. to make or become thin or fine; extend
3. (Microbiology) (tr) to make (a pathogenic bacterium, virus, etc) less virulent, as by culture in special media or exposure to heat
adj
4. diluted, weakened, slender, or reduced
5. (Botany) botany tapering gradually to a point
[C16: from Latin attenuāre to weaken, from tenuis thin]

at•ten•u•ate

(v. əˈtɛn yuˌeɪt; adj. -ɪt, -ˌeɪt)

v. -at•ed, -at•ing,
adj. v.t.
1. to weaken or reduce in force, intensity, effect, quantity, or value: to attenuate desire.
2. to make thin; make slender or fine.
3. to render less virulent, as a strain of pathogenic virus or bacterium.
4. to reduce the amplitude of (an electronic signal) without distortion.
v.i.
5. to become thin or fine; lessen.
adj.
6. weakened; diminishing.
7. Bot. tapering gradually to a narrow extremity.
[1520–30; < Latin attenuātus, past participle of attenuāre to thin, reduce. See at-, tenuis, -ate1]

attenuate


Past participle: attenuated
Gerund: attenuating

Imperative
attenuate
attenuate
Present
I attenuate
you attenuate
he/she/it attenuates
we attenuate
you attenuate
they attenuate
Preterite
I attenuated
you attenuated
he/she/it attenuated
we attenuated
you attenuated
they attenuated
Present Continuous
I am attenuating
you are attenuating
he/she/it is attenuating
we are attenuating
you are attenuating
they are attenuating
Present Perfect
I have attenuated
you have attenuated
he/she/it has attenuated
we have attenuated
you have attenuated
they have attenuated
Past Continuous
I was attenuating
you were attenuating
he/she/it was attenuating
we were attenuating
you were attenuating
they were attenuating
Past Perfect
I had attenuated
you had attenuated
he/she/it had attenuated
we had attenuated
you had attenuated
they had attenuated
Future
I will attenuate
you will attenuate
he/she/it will attenuate
we will attenuate
you will attenuate
they will attenuate
Future Perfect
I will have attenuated
you will have attenuated
he/she/it will have attenuated
we will have attenuated
you will have attenuated
they will have attenuated
Future Continuous
I will be attenuating
you will be attenuating
he/she/it will be attenuating
we will be attenuating
you will be attenuating
they will be attenuating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been attenuating
you have been attenuating
he/she/it has been attenuating
we have been attenuating
you have been attenuating
they have been attenuating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been attenuating
you will have been attenuating
he/she/it will have been attenuating
we will have been attenuating
you will have been attenuating
they will have been attenuating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been attenuating
you had been attenuating
he/she/it had been attenuating
we had been attenuating
you had been attenuating
they had been attenuating
Conditional
I would attenuate
you would attenuate
he/she/it would attenuate
we would attenuate
you would attenuate
they would attenuate
Past Conditional
I would have attenuated
you would have attenuated
he/she/it would have attenuated
we would have attenuated
you would have attenuated
they would have attenuated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.attenuate - weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
2.attenuate - become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
weaken - become weaker; "The prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days"
refine - attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
Adj.1.attenuate - reduced in strength; "the faded tones of an old recording"
decreased, reduced - made less in size or amount or degree

attenuate

verb weaken, reduce, contract, lower, diminish, decrease, dilute, lessen, sap, water down, adulterate, enfeeble, enervate, devaluate Preparation and training can attenuate risk.

attenuate

verb
1. To lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of:
2. To lessen the strength of by or as if by admixture:
cut, dilute, thin, water (down), weaken.
3. To become diffuse:
Translations

attenuate

[əˈtenjʊeɪt] VTatenuar

attenuate

[əˈtɛnjueɪt]
vtatténuer
vis'atténuer

attenuate

vt (= weaken)abschwächen; statement alsoabmildern; gasverdünnen; (= make thinner)dünn machen; attenuating circumstancesmildernde Umstände
vi (= get weaker)schwächer or abgeschwächt werden; (gas)sich verdünnen; (= get thinner)dünner werden
adj (Bot) attenuate leaflanzettförmiges Blatt

attenuate

[əˈtɛnjʊeɪt] (frm)
1. vtridurre, attenuare
2. viattenuarsi
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