model and licence raj created a sluggish system.
It is time to radically redefine economic self-reliance from the obsolete understanding that is autarkic
The one exception is North Korea, where China's economic leverage as the hermit kingdom's biggest trade partner by far appears no match at the moment against Kim Jong-un's nuclear threat and autarkic
Besides the evident national-level variations--political and economic systems and development stages, as well as societal-cultural make-up--each of the then prospective ASEAN members pursued distinct foreign policy orientations in the then all-consuming Cold War divide: from being pro-Western, pro-Soviet, pro-China, to non-aligned, or even, in the case of Myanmar, autarkic
To mimic the period before the introduction of the common currency in 1999, we follow Gourinchas and Jeanne (2006), as well as Fagan and Gaspar (2008), and assume that before 1999, EMU's South and North were financially autarkic
Khamenei, too, has been very critical of Rouhani's economic policy, calling for a much more autarkic
The notion of a resistance economy was first introduced by Khamenehi in 2013 to refer to an autarkic
economy based on a philosophy of self-sufficiency, where foreigners cannot harm Iran by denying it goods because Iran will produce all essentials itself.
This signal is received by the DB of autarkic
radio controlled clock and around 2500 mother watches and distributed from there to all other clocks in the rail.
With the exception of its alliance with the Soviet Union, China had no recourse but an autarkic
path of socialist development.
But short of that, a mixture of philosophies and social forces might be good enough: antiwar consumerists and autarkic
nationalists against the empire of oil and its way of life.
India is ranked 97th on the list, with Forbes saying that while the country is developing into an open-market economy, traces of its "past autarkic
Worse, modern Chinese economic policy is increasingly characterized by an autarkic
approach that seeks absolute advantage across hundreds of high-technology products, from automobiles to semiconductors, including intentional strategies to curtail foreign imports of such products and replace them with Chinese-manufactured ones.