authority


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Related to authority: accountability

au·thor·i·ty

 (ə-thôr′ĭ-tē, ə-thŏr′-, ô-)
n. pl. au·thor·i·ties
1.
a. The power to enforce laws, exact obedience, command, determine, or judge.
b. One that is invested with this power, especially a government or body of government officials: land titles issued by the civil authority.
2. Power assigned to another; authorization: Deputies were given authority to make arrests.
3. A public agency or corporation with administrative powers in a specified field: a city transit authority.
4.
a. An accepted source of expert information or advice: a noted authority on birds; a reference book often cited as an authority.
b. A quotation or citation from such a source: biblical authorities for a moral argument.
5. Justification; grounds: On what authority do you make such a claim?
6. A conclusive statement or decision that may be taken as a guide or precedent.
7. Power to influence or persuade resulting from knowledge or experience: political observers who acquire authority with age.
8. Confidence derived from experience or practice; firm self-assurance: played the sonata with authority.

[Middle English auctorite, from Old French autorite, from Latin auctōritās, auctōritāt-, from auctor, creator; see author.]

authority

(ɔːˈθɒrɪtɪ)
n, pl -ties
1. the power or right to control, judge, or prohibit the actions of others
2. (often plural) a person or group of people having this power, such as a government, police force, etc
3. a position that commands such a power or right (often in the phrase in authority)
4. such a power or right delegated, esp from one person to another; authorization: she has his authority.
5. the ability to influence or control others: a man of authority.
6. an expert or an authoritative written work in a particular field: he is an authority on Ming china.
7. evidence or testimony: we have it on his authority that she is dead.
8. confidence resulting from great expertise: the violinist lacked authority in his cadenza.
9. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (capital when part of a name) a public board or corporation exercising governmental authority in administering some enterprise: Independent Broadcasting Authority.
10. (Law) law
a. a judicial decision, statute, or rule of law that establishes a principle; precedent
b. legal permission granted to a person to perform a specified act
[C14: from French autorité, from Latin auctōritas, from auctor author]

au•thor•i•ty

(əˈθɔr ɪ ti, əˈθɒr-)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues; the right to control, command, or determine.
2. a power or right delegated or given; authorization.
3. a person or body of persons in whom authority is vested, as a governmental agency.
4. Usu., authorities. persons having the legal power to make and enforce the law; government.
5. an accepted source of information, advice, or substantiation.
6. a quotation or citation from such a source.
7. an expert on a subject.
8. persuasive force; conviction.
9. a statute, court rule, or judicial decision that establishes a rule or principle of law; ruling.
10. the right to respect or acceptance of one's word, command, thought, etc.; commanding influence.
11. a warrant for action; justification.
12. testimony; witness.
[1200–50; Middle English < Old French < Latin]
syn: authority, control, influence denote a power or right to direct the actions or thoughts of others. authority is a power or right, usu. because of rank or office, to issue commands and to punish for violations: to have authority over subordinates. control is either power or influence applied to the complete and successful direction or manipulation of persons or things: to be in control of a project. influence is a personal and unofficial power derived from deference of others to one's character, ability, or station; it may be exerted unconsciously or may operate through persuasion: to have influence over one's friends.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.authority - the power or right to give orders or make decisionsauthority - the power or right to give orders or make decisions; "he has the authority to issue warrants"; "deputies are given authorization to make arrests"; "a place of potency in the state"
power of appointment - authority given (in a will or deed) by a donor to a donee to appoint the beneficiaries of the donor's property
control - power to direct or determine; "under control"
carte blanche - complete freedom or authority to act
command - the power or authority to command; "an admiral in command"
imperium - supreme authority; absolute dominion
lordship - the authority of a lord
muscle - authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way); "the senators used their muscle to get the party leader to resign"
sovereignty - the authority of a state to govern another state
2.authority - (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over othersauthority - (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others; "the authorities have issued a curfew"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
plural, plural form - the form of a word that is used to denote more than one
abrogator - an authority or official empowered to abolish or annul or repeal
allocator, distributor - a person with authority to allot or deal out or apportion
approver - an authority with power to approve
authority figure - someone who is regarded as an authority by someone else
authoriser, authorizer - an authority who authorizes (people or actions); "the agents report back to their authorizers"
mandator - an authority who issues a mandate
pacha, pasha - a civil or military authority in Turkey or Egypt
civil authority, civil officer - a person who exercises authority over civilian affairs
rebuker, reproacher, reprover, upbraider - someone who finds fault or imputes blame
withdrawer - an authority who withdraws permission
3.authority - an expert whose views are taken as definitive; "he is an authority on corporate law"
expert - a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
adviser, advisor, consultant - an expert who gives advice; "an adviser helped students select their courses"; "the United States sent military advisors to Guatemala"
cognoscente, connoisseur - an expert able to appreciate a field; especially in the fine arts
evaluator, judge - an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
high priest - a preeminent authority or major proponent of a movement or doctrine; "he's the high priest of contemporary jazz"
liturgist - an authority on liturgies
professional, master - an authority qualified to teach apprentices
4.authority - freedom from doubtauthority - freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; "his assurance in his superiority did not make him popular"; "after that failure he lost his confidence"; "she spoke with authority"
certainty - the state of being certain; "his certainty reassured the others"
5.authority - an administrative unit of governmentauthority - an administrative unit of government; "the Central Intelligence Agency"; "the Census Bureau"; "Office of Management and Budget"; "Tennessee Valley Authority"
administrative body, administrative unit - a unit with administrative responsibilities
executive agency - an agency of the executive branch of government
FDA, Food and Drug Administration - a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
CDC, Center for Disease Control and Prevention - a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)
Counterterrorist Center, CTC - an agency that helps the Director of Central Intelligence coordinate counterterrorist efforts in order to preempt and disrupt and defeat terrorist activities at the earliest possible stage
Nonproliferation Center, NPC - an agency that serves as the focal point for all Intelligence Community activities related to nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their missile delivery systems
Bureau of the Census, Census Bureau - the bureau of the Commerce Department responsible for taking the census; provides demographic information and analyses about the population of the United States
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA - an agency in the Department of Commerce that maps the oceans and conserves their living resources; predicts changes to the earth's environment; provides weather reports and forecasts floods and hurricanes and other natural disasters related to weather
National Climatic Data Center, NCDC - the part of NOAA that maintains the world's largest active archive of weather data
National Weather Service - the federal agency in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that is responsible for weather forecast and preparation of weather maps
Technology Administration - an agency in the Department of Commerce that works with United States industries to promote competitiveness and maximize the impact of technology on economic growth
National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST - an agency in the Technology Administration that makes measurements and sets standards as needed by industry or government programs
National Technical Information Service, NTIS - an agency in the Technology Administration that is a primary resource for government-funded scientific and technical and engineering and business related information
DARPA, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency - the central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; responsible for developing new surveillance technologies since 9/11
Department of Defense Laboratory System, LABLINK - a defense laboratory that provides essential services in fundamental science for national security and environmental protection and provides technologies that contribute to industrial competitiveness
Department of Energy Intelligence, DOEI - an agency that collects political and economic and technical information about energy matters and makes the Department of Energy's technical and analytical expertise available to other members of the Intelligence Community
PHS, United States Public Health Service - an agency that serves as the office of Surgeon General; includes agencies whose mission is to improve the public health
National Institutes of Health, NIH - an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
BJA, Bureau of Justice Assistance - the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse
BJS, Bureau of Justice Statistics - the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers
Immigration and Naturalization Service, INS - an agency in the Department of Justice that enforces laws and regulations for the admission of foreign-born persons to the United States
United States Border Patrol, US Border Patrol - the mobile law enforcement arm of the Immigration and Naturalization Service that detects and prevents illegal entry of aliens into the United States
Bureau of Diplomatic Security, DS - the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas
Foreign Service - the part of the State Department that supplies diplomats for the United States embassies and consulates around the world
Bureau of Intelligence and Research, INR - an agency that is the primary source in the State Department for interpretive analyses of global developments and focal point for policy issues and activities of the Intelligence Community
FWS, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service - an agency in the Department of the Interior that conserves and protects fish and wildlife and their habitats; assesses the environmental impact of pesticides and nuclear power site and hydroelectric dams and thermal pollution
6.authority - official permission or approvalauthority - official permission or approval; "authority for the program was renewed several times"
permission - approval to do something; "he asked permission to leave"
7.authority - an authoritative written work; "this book is the final authority on the life of Milton"
book - a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); "I am reading a good book on economics"
last word - an authoritative statement; "my doctor has the last word on the medicines I take"

authority

noun
1. (usually plural) powers that be, government, police, officials, the state, management, administration, the system, the Establishment, Big Brother (informal), officialdom This was a pretext for the authorities to cancel the elections.
3. expert, specialist, professional, master, ace (informal), scholar, guru, buff (informal), wizard, whizz (informal), virtuoso, connoisseur, boffin (Brit. informal), arbiter, hotshot (informal), fundi (S. African) He's an authority on Russian affairs.
4. command, power, control, rule, management, direction, grasp, sway, domination, mastery, dominion He has no natural authority.
5. permission, leave, permit, sanction, licence, approval, go-ahead (informal), liberty, consent, warrant, say-so, tolerance, justification, green light, assent, authorization, dispensation, carte blanche, a blank cheque, sufferance He must first be given authority from his own superiors.
Quotations
"Authority is never without hate" [Euripides Ion]
"I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me; and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it" Bible: St. Matthew

authority

noun
1. The right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge:
Informal: say-so.
2. A person or group having the right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge:
3. Conferred power:
4. A person with a high degree of knowledge or skill in a particular field:
Informal: whiz.
Slang: crackerjack.
Chiefly British: dab.
Translations
حُجّـه، ثِقه، مَرجِع، مَصدَر مَوثوقسُلْطان، صَلاحِيَّه، نُفوذسلطةسُلْطَهسُلْطَه، تَفويض
autoritaodborníkpravomocúřady
autoritetekspertmyndighedmyndighederrespekt
instanco
asiantuntijaauktoriteettikäskyvaltavaikutusvaltaviranomaiset
hatóságszaktekintély
sérfræîingurvaldvaldhafarvaldsmannslegur
当局権威
autoritarinisautoritetasautoritetingasįgaliojimaspavedimas
autoritātepilnvaraspeciāliststiesībasvaras institūcijas
autoritate
úrad
oblastpooblastilopristojnost
etkileme gücüuzmanyetkiyetkililer

authority

[ɔːˈθɒrɪtɪ] N
1. (= power) → autoridad f
those in authoritylos que tienen la autoridad
who is in authority here?¿quién manda aquí?
to be in authority overtener autoridad sobre
2. (= authorization) to give sb the authority to do sthautorizar a algn a hacer algo, autorizar a algn para que haga algo
to have authority to do sthtener autoridad or estar autorizado para hacer algo
on one's own authoritypor su propia autoridad
to do sth without authorityhacer algo sin tener autorización
3. (= official body) → autoridad f
the authoritieslas autoridades
the customs authoritieslas autoridades aduaneras
to apply to the proper authoritiesdirigirse a la autoridad competente
see also health, local, regional
4. (= expert) → autoridad f
he's an authority (on)es una autoridad (en)
5. (= expert opinion) → autoridad f
on the authority of Platocon la autoridad de Platón
I have it on good authority thatde buena fuente que ...
6. (= authoritativeness) → autoridad f
to speak with authorityhablar con autoridad or con conocimiento de causa

authority

[ɔːˈθɒrɪti] n
(= power to give orders) → autorité f
to have the authority to do sth → avoir autorité pour faire qch
those in authority → ceux qui nous dirigent
(= confidence) → autorité f
(= permission) → autorisation f
to have authority to do sth → être autorisé(e) à faire qch
The bank closed my account without my authority → La banque a clôturé mon compte sans mon autorisation.
(= group) → autorités fpl
the authorities → les autorités fpl
the prison authorities → les autorités carcérales
(= expert) → autorité f
an authority on sth → une autorité dans le domaine de qch
a world authority → une autorité au niveau mondial
to have it on good authority that ... → savoir de source sûre que ...

authority

n
(= power)Autorität f; (= right, entitlement)Befugnis f; (= specifically delegated power)Vollmacht f; (Mil) → Befehlsgewalt f; people who are in authorityMenschen, die Autorität haben; the person in authorityder Zuständige or Verantwortliche; who’s in authority here?wer ist hier der Verantwortliche?; I’m in authority here!hier bestimme ich!; parental authorityAutorität der Eltern; (Jur) → elterliche Gewalt; to be in or have authority over somebodyWeisungsbefugnis gegenüber jdm haben (form); (describing hierarchy) → jdm übergeordnet sein; to put somebody in authority over somebodyjdm die Verantwortung für jdn übertragen; those who are put in authority over usdiejenigen, deren Aufsicht wir unterstehen; the Queen and those in authority under herdie Königin und die ihr untergebenen Verantwortlichen; to be under the authority of somebodyunter jds Aufsicht (dat)stehen; (in hierarchy) → jdm unterstehen; (Mil) → jds Befehlsgewalt (dat)unterstehen; on one’s own authorityauf eigene Verantwortung; you’ll have to ask a teacher for the authority to take the keydu brauchst die Erlaubnis or Genehmigung des Lehrers, wenn du den Schlüssel haben willst; under or by what authority do you claim the right to …?mit welcher Berechtigung verlangen Sie, dass …?; to have the authority to do somethingberechtigt or befugt sein, etw zu tun; to have no authority to do somethingnicht befugt or berechtigt sein, etw zu tun; he was exceeding his area of authorityer hat seinen Kompetenzbereich or seine Befugnisse überschritten; to give somebody the authority to do somethingjdn ermächtigen (form)or jdm die Vollmacht erteilen, etw zu tun; he had my authority to do itich habe es ihm gestattet or erlaubt; to have full authority to actvolle Handlungsvollmacht haben; to do something on somebody’s authorityetw in jds Auftrag (dat)tun; who gave you the authority to do that?wer hat Sie dazu berechtigt?; who gave you the authority to treat people like that?mit welchem Recht glaubst du, Leute so behandeln zu können?
(also pl: = ruling body) → Behörde f, → Amt nt; (= body of people)Verwaltung f; (= power of ruler)(Staats)gewalt f, → Obrigkeit f; the university authoritiesdie Universitätsverwaltung; the water authoritydie Wasserbehörde; the local authority or authoritiesdie Gemeindeverwaltung; the Prussian respect for authoritydas preußische Obrigkeitsdenken; the concept of authority in a stateder Autoritätsgedanke im Staat; they appealed to the supreme authority of the House of Lordssie wandten sich an die höchste Autorität or Instanz, das Oberhaus; this will have to be decided by a higher authoritydas muss an höherer Stelle entschieden werden; to represent authoritydie Staatsgewalt verkörpern; the father represents authorityder Vater verkörpert die Autorität; you must have respect for authoritydu musst Achtung gegenüber Respektspersonen haben
(= weight, influence)Autorität f; to have or carry (great) authorityviel gelten (with bei); (person also)(große or viel) Autorität haben (with bei); to speak/write with authoritymit Sachkunde or mit der Autorität des Sachkundigen sprechen/schreiben; I/he can speak with authority on this matterdarüber kann ich mich/kann er sich kompetent äußern; to give an order with authorityeinen Befehl mit der nötigen Autorität geben; to appeal to the authority of precedentauf einen Präzedenzfall zurückgreifen
(= expert)Autorität f, → Fachmann m/-frau f; I’m no authority but …ich bin kein Fachmann/keine Fachfrau, aber …; he is an authority on arter ist eine Autorität or ein Fachmann auf dem Gebiet der Kunst
(= definitive book etc)(anerkannte) Autorität f; (= source)Quelle f; to have something on good authorityetw aus zuverlässiger Quelle wissen; on the best authorityaus bester Quelle; on whose authority do you have that?aus welcher Quelle haben Sie das?

authority

[ɔːˈθɒrɪtɪ]
1. n
a. (power) → autorità; (permission) → autorizzazione f
those in authority → i dirigenti, i governanti
to be in authority over → dare gli ordini a
to have authority to do sth → avere l'autorizzazione a fare or il diritto di fare qc
b. the authorities npl (government, council) → le autorità
the health authorities → l'autorità sg sanitaria
c. (expert) he's an authority (on)è un'autorità (in materia di)
I have it on good authority that ... → so da fonte sicura or autorevole che...

authority

(oːˈθorəti) plural auˈthorities noun
1. the power or right to do something. He gave me authority to act on his behalf.
2. a person who is an expert, or a book that can be referred to, on a particular subject. He is an authority on Roman history.
3. (usually in plural) the person or people who have power in an administration etc. The authorities would not allow public meetings.
4. a natural quality in a person which makes him able to control and influence people. a man of authority.
auˌthoriˈtarian adjective
considering obedience to authority more important than personal freedom. an authoritarian government.
auˈthoritative (-tətiv) , ((American) -teitiv) adjective
said or written by an expert or a person in authority. an authoritative opinion.

authority

n. autoridad, facultad.
References in classic literature ?
We thought Hannah was overdoing the authority business, and your mother ought to know.
I felt a considerable extension of power and authority, and was anxious to acquit myself creditably.
The little Pontellier boys were permitting them to do so, and making their authority felt.
We relieve our conscience by the confession, at all events leaving it to exercise its authority as it may see fit.
It carried all the authority of a spoiled child of fortune.
Velvet garments sombre but rich, stiffly plaited ruffs and bands, embroidered gloves, venerable beards, the mien and countenance of authority, made it easy to distinguish the gentleman of worship, at that period, from the tradesman, with his plodding air, or the laborer, in his leathern jerkin, stealing awe-stricken into the house which he had perhaps helped to build.
This rose-bush, by a strange chance, has been kept alive in history; but whether it had merely survived out of the stern old wilderness, so long after the fall of the gigantic pines and oaks that originally overshadowed it, or whether, as there is far authority for believing, it had sprung up under the footsteps of the sainted Ann Hutchinson as she entered the prison-door, we shall not take upon us to determine.
There were plenty of people to help, but of course the young lady who should go down as governess would be in supreme authority.
Father Mapple rose, and in a mild voice of unassuming authority ordered the scattered people to condense.
And I have heard, on whalemen's authority, that Sperm Whales have been captured near a hundred feet long at the time of capture.
A pair of military trousers, light blue with a yellow stripe, serve to give that suggestion of authority proper to the leader of a band.
The real piety and benevolence of the simple old man invested him with a temporary dignity and authority, as he spoke.

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