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n. pl. au·toch·thons or au·toch·tho·nes (-thə-nēz′)
1. One that originated or was formed where it is found, especially a rock formation that has not been displaced.
2. One of the earliest known inhabitants of a place; an aborigine.
3. Ecology An indigenous plant or animal.

[Greek autokhthōn : auto-, auto- + khthōn, earth; see dhghem- in Indo-European roots.]


(ɔːˈtɒkθən; -θɒn)
n, pl -thons or -thones (-θəˌniːz)
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) (often plural) one of the earliest known inhabitants of any country; aboriginal
2. (Biology) an animal or plant that is native to a particular region
[C17: from Greek autokhthōn from the earth itself, from auto- + khthōn the earth]


(ɔˈtɒk θən)

n., pl. -thons, -tho•nes (-θəˌniz)
1. an aboriginal inhabitant.
2. one of the indigenous animals or plants of a region.
[1640–50; < Greek autóchthōn=auto- auto-1 + chthṓn the earth, land, ground]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autochthon - the earliest known inhabitants of a region
primitive, primitive person - a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization
References in periodicals archive ?
Such pressures spotlight already hypervisible whites, and may see populist, autochthonous movements in Africa portray, and sometimes exclude, white settler communities as supposed 'strangers' or 'fake' autochthons.
In the wine market, an independent wine expert, Honored Sommelier of Russia Arthur Sargsyan conducted a master class on the wine evaluation system, President of the Independent Wine Club Vladimir Tsapelik told about the Russian autochthons.
This process of tribal ossification was particularly complex in western Kenya, given that few communities are autochthons in the literal sense of the word, having immigrated from elsewhere albeit as part of different historical migrations and processes.
A few autochthons made some purchases, but the main buyers were a particular type of migrant: the highlanders' Lauje cousins living in the coastal villages.
As these immigrants gain social and political rights in their resident countries, their desire for a free expression of their spirituality will increase, as it is the case with the current tensions between the autochthons and the Maghreb immigrants in some of the West-European countries.
Of course, the grand pronouncements aside, the result was the further division of the country along many fractures, race, ethnic, political and the debate surrounding autochthons versus 'outsiders' or foreigners as well as diasporans.
Konings, Piet, "Mobility and exclusion: Conflicts between autochthons and allocthons during political liberalization in Cameroon", In Mirjam de Bruijn; Rijk van Dijk and Dijk Foeken (eds).
At the level of narrative strategy, the most evident case of the erasure of the authors' self-representation is in the report of dialogues which follows a fixed pattern: they are transcribed as direct speech when it is the autochthons to speak, while they are in the form of transposed speech when it is the authors' turn.
In Romanian historiography, the topic of incineration necropolises was taken up in strict connection to the continuity of Dacian autochthons during the Roman era (61).
Traveling to remote resorts where the poverty of autochthons underscores tourists' self-indulgent affluence, his nomadic vacationers seek out landscapes of desolation that set off the oases of beauty and luxury where they couple in groups of three or four.
As a result of these three waves of immigration, the population has been divided into two groups: autochthons or populations previously settled (a group comprising those settled before the 15th century) and people coming from elsewhere (a group composed of populations settled from the 15th century onwards).
Fearful of the transcendent which sucks him up into endless blue space, he envies the blindness of the autochthons who share his summit-home, wishing to resemble "les taupes du ciel" (30).