autoimmune disorder


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autoimmune disorder

A condition in which a person’s immune system begins to attack the healthy organs and cells of his or her own body. Autoimmune disorders can cause a variety of diseases.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autoimmune disorder - any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
myasthenia, myasthenia gravis - a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
disseminated multiple sclerosis, disseminated sclerosis, MS, multiple sclerosis - a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
autoimmune diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, IDDM, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, juvenile diabetes, juvenile-onset diabetes, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, type I diabetes - severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease
exophthalmic goiter, Graves' disease - exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs
atrophic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatism - a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
ankylosing spondylitis, Marie-Strumpell disease, rheumatoid spondylitis - a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis
discoid lupus erythematosus, DLE - a chronic skin disease occurring primarily in women between the ages of 20 and 40; characterized by an eruption of red lesions over the cheeks and bridge of the nose
Hashimoto's disease - autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women
LE, lupus erythematosus - a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
pemphigus - a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
autoimmunity - production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions
dermatosclerosis, scleroderma - an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, purpura hemorrhagica, thrombocytopenic purpura, Werlhof's disease - purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors
References in periodicals archive ?
Drugs that limit inflammation could fight narcolepsy if it indeed is an autoimmune disorder.
It acts by diminishing the activity of monocytes, macrophages and other white cells that destroy healthy blood cells as a result of an autoimmune disorder.
In patients with this autoimmune disorder, joint inflammation.
The concept was tested in a European pilot demonstration trial involving 12 patients with the autoimmune disorder, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), a bleeding disorder which follows the immune system's inexplicable and inappropriate elimination of cells (platelets) that are necessary for blood clotting.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also called lupus, is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the immune system attacking the body's own tissues and organs, leading to inflammation and damage.
Now, Bianchi has hints that this biological legacy may be linked to an autoimmune disorder in the mother.
Infections have long been a prime suspect, since they frequently predate the onset of an autoimmune disorder or a worsening of an existing autoimmune illness.
Puck and her colleagues have examined eight children with the autoimmune disorder and found that all possess mutations in the Fas gene.
Researchers have used gene therapy to cure a lupuslike autoimmune disorder afflicting mice.
Table 54: Orphan Autoimmune Disorder Therapeutics Market, Biogen Idec, Pipeline Products for Orphan Autoimmune Disorders, 2011 71
Russia outstripped sales growth of its emerging market peers, generating autoimmune disorder sales of $266m in 2009, around 2.
5 years of age, noting when they began to eat various foods and whether they developed certain antibodies that tend to precede the onset of each autoimmune disorder.

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