aversive


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a·ver·sive

 (ə-vûr′sĭv, -zĭv)
adj.
Causing avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior by using an unpleasant or punishing stimulus, as in techniques of behavior modification.

a·ver′sive·ly adv.
a·ver′sive·ness n.

aversive

(əˈvɜːsɪv)
adj
tending to dissuade or repel
aˈversively adv

a•ver•sive

(əˈvɜr sɪv, -zɪv)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to aversion.
2. of or pertaining to aversive conditioning.
n.
3. a reprimand, punishment, or agent used in aversive conditioning.
[1590–1600]
a•ver′sive•ly, adv.
a•ver′sive•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.aversive - tending to repel or dissuade; "aversive conditioning"
Translations
aversif
References in periodicals archive ?
Once mosquitoes learned odors in an aversive manner, those odors caused aversive responses on the same order as responses to DEET, which is one of the most effective mosquito repellents.
But there is a difference between finding something aversive in the sense merely of wanting it not to occur (the only sense in which, on this third possibility, it should be necessary that we are averse to the feeling selected to be pain), and finding it aversive in the sense in which we find actual pain aversive.
Jun-Hyeong Cho, an assistant professor of cell biology and neuroscience and Woong Bin Kim, a postdoctoral researcher in Cho's lab, have now found that a population of hippocampal neurons project to both the amygdala and the mPFC, and that it is these neurons that efficiently convey information to these two brain areas to encode and retrieve fear memory for a context associated with an aversive event.
To advance in the abovementioned direction, the current study aimed to replicate and extend the previous findings by comparing the effect of three conditions on increasing tolerance to the aversive functions induced by a cold pressor and an aversive film task.
Lang (2000) noted that appeals and emotions are a part of a larger cognitive motivation system that, among other things, measures an appeal on a continuum from aversive to appetitive.
They further exhibit magnified neural and vascular reactions to aversive stimuli.
Psychologists explore personality features that are socially aversive and linked with various sorts of interpersonal difficulties and potentially destructive behaviors such as aggression, manipulation, and exploitation.
Many APIs have a bitter taste or have other aversive sensory attributes, frequently learned anecdotally in the clinic.
Consistent findings have been reported in healthy and clinical populations, describing the increase in the BOLD response when aversive affective faces are compared to neutral faces, mainly in the amygdala; frontal regions such as the superior frontal gyrus, medial frontal gyrus, orbitofrontal cortex, and ventromedial cortex; temporal regions including the superior and medial temporal gyrus; other regions such as the fusiform gyrus, insula, anterior cingulate, among other structures [8-11].
For example, Hollands, Prestwich, and Marteau (2011) reported that participants in the conditioning intervention (using aversive images) chose fruits as opposed to snacks in a behavioral choice task.
Sadly some dog trainers are still using aversive and punishing methods in classes and privately.