avoid


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Related to avoid: avoid doing

a·void

 (ə-void′)
tr.v. a·void·ed, a·void·ing, a·voids
1.
a. To stay clear of; go around or away from: swerve to avoid a pothole.
b. To take measures so as not to meet or see (someone): "He never let go of the idea that she lived out there in order to avoid him" (Elizabeth Benedict).
2. To prevent from happening: You can avoid illness with exercise and a balanced diet.
3.
a. To refrain from using, engaging in, or partaking of: avoid red meat; avoid risky behavior.
b. To refrain from (doing something): It was all we could do to avoid laughing at the remark.
4. Law To annul or make void; invalidate.
5. Obsolete To void or expel.

[Middle English avoiden, from Anglo-Norman avoider, to empty out, variant of Old French esvuidier : es-, out (from Latin ex-; see ex-) + vuidier, to empty (from voide, empty; see void).]

a·void′a·ble adj.
a·void′a·bly adv.
a·void′er n.

avoid

(əˈvɔɪd)
vb (tr)
1. to keep out of the way of
2. to refrain from doing
3. to prevent from happening: to avoid damage to machinery.
4. (Law) law to make (a plea, contract, etc) void; invalidate; quash
5. obsolete to expel
6. obsolete to depart from
[C14: from Anglo-French avoider, from Old French esvuidier, from vuidier to empty, void]
aˈvoidable adj
aˈvoidably adv
aˈvoider n

a•void

(əˈvɔɪd)

v.t.
1. to keep away from; keep clear of; shun: to avoid a person.
2. to prevent from happening: to avoid falling.
3. Law. to make void or of no effect; invalidate; annul.
[1250–30; Middle English < Anglo-French avoider=a- a-4 + voider to void]
a•void′a•ble, adj.
a•void′a•bly, adv.
a•void′ance, n.
a•void′er, n.

avoid

If you avoid something, you take action to prevent it from happening to you.

We learned how to avoid a heart attack.
The bus swerved to avoid a collision.

If you avoid doing something, you make sure that you don't do it.

Thomas turned his head, trying to avoid breathing in the smoke.
You must avoid giving any unnecessary information.

Be Careful!
Don't say that you 'avoid to do' something.

Be Careful!
If you can't control or change the way you behave, don't say that you 'can't avoid' it. You say that you can't help it or that you can't help yourself.

It was so funny, I couldn't help laughing.
You know what his temper's like, he just can't help himself.

Be Careful!
If someone does not allow you to do what you want to do, don't say that they 'avoid' you doing it. You say that they prevent you from doing it.

I wanted to prevent him from speaking.

avoid


Past participle: avoided
Gerund: avoiding

Imperative
avoid
avoid
Present
I avoid
you avoid
he/she/it avoids
we avoid
you avoid
they avoid
Preterite
I avoided
you avoided
he/she/it avoided
we avoided
you avoided
they avoided
Present Continuous
I am avoiding
you are avoiding
he/she/it is avoiding
we are avoiding
you are avoiding
they are avoiding
Present Perfect
I have avoided
you have avoided
he/she/it has avoided
we have avoided
you have avoided
they have avoided
Past Continuous
I was avoiding
you were avoiding
he/she/it was avoiding
we were avoiding
you were avoiding
they were avoiding
Past Perfect
I had avoided
you had avoided
he/she/it had avoided
we had avoided
you had avoided
they had avoided
Future
I will avoid
you will avoid
he/she/it will avoid
we will avoid
you will avoid
they will avoid
Future Perfect
I will have avoided
you will have avoided
he/she/it will have avoided
we will have avoided
you will have avoided
they will have avoided
Future Continuous
I will be avoiding
you will be avoiding
he/she/it will be avoiding
we will be avoiding
you will be avoiding
they will be avoiding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been avoiding
you have been avoiding
he/she/it has been avoiding
we have been avoiding
you have been avoiding
they have been avoiding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been avoiding
you will have been avoiding
he/she/it will have been avoiding
we will have been avoiding
you will have been avoiding
they will have been avoiding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been avoiding
you had been avoiding
he/she/it had been avoiding
we had been avoiding
you had been avoiding
they had been avoiding
Conditional
I would avoid
you would avoid
he/she/it would avoid
we would avoid
you would avoid
they would avoid
Past Conditional
I would have avoided
you would have avoided
he/she/it would have avoided
we would have avoided
you would have avoided
they would have avoided
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.avoid - stay clear fromavoid - stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; "Her former friends now avoid her"
evade, hedge, sidestep, skirt, parry, fudge, circumvent, dodge, elude, duck, put off - avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues); "He dodged the issue"; "she skirted the problem"; "They tend to evade their responsibilities"; "he evaded the questions skillfully"
escape, miss - fail to experience; "Fortunately, I missed the hurricane"
get away, get by, escape, get off, get out - escape potentially unpleasant consequences; get away with a forbidden action; "She gets away with murder!"; "I couldn't get out from under these responsibilities"
bypass, get around, short-circuit, go around - avoid something unpleasant or laborious; "You cannot bypass these rules!"
stay off, keep off - refrain from entering or walking onto; "keep off the grass"; "stay off the premises"
shirk - avoid dealing with; "She shirks her duties"
shy away from - avoid having to deal with some unpleasant task; "I shy away from this task"
eschew, shun - avoid and stay away from deliberately; stay clear of
face, face up, confront - deal with (something unpleasant) head on; "You must confront your problems"; "He faced the terrible consequences of his mistakes"
2.avoid - prevent the occurrence ofavoid - prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening; "Let's avoid a confrontation"; "head off a confrontation"; "avert a strike"
foreclose, forestall, preclude, prevent, forbid - keep from happening or arising; make impossible; "My sense of tact forbids an honest answer"; "Your role in the projects precludes your involvement in the competitive project"
3.avoid - refrain from doing something; "She refrains from calling her therapist too often"; "He should avoid publishing his wife's memories"
fiddle, shirk, shrink from, goldbrick - avoid (one's assigned duties); "The derelict soldier shirked his duties"
4.avoid - refrain from certain foods or beveragesavoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
desist, refrain, abstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
5.avoid - declare invalid; "The contract was annulled"; "void a plea"
strike down, cancel - declare null and void; make ineffective; "Cancel the election results"; "strike down a law"
break - invalidate by judicial action; "The will was broken"
stet - printing: cancel, as of a correction or deletion

avoid

verb
1. prevent, stop, frustrate, hamper, foil, inhibit, head off, avert, thwart, intercept, hinder, obstruct, impede, ward off, stave off, forestall, defend against He had to take emergency action to avoid a disaster.
2. refrain from, bypass, dodge, eschew, escape, duck (out of) (informal), fight shy of, shirk from He managed to avoid giving them an idea of what he was up to.
4. keep away from, dodge, shun, evade, steer clear of, sidestep, circumvent, bypass, slip through the net, body-swerve (Scot.), give a wide berth to He had ample time to swerve and avoid the woman.

avoid

verb
To keep away from:
Idioms: fight shy of, give a wide berth to, have no truck with, keep clear of.
Translations
تجنبيَتَجَنَّبيَتَجَنَّبُ
vyhnout sevyvarovat se
undgå
välttää
izbjegavati
elkerül
forîast
避ける免れる斎む
피하다
vitare
vengimasvengti
izvairīties
izogniti se
undvika
หลีกเลี่ยง
kaçınmaksakınmak
tránh

avoid

[əˈvɔɪd] VT [+ obstacle] → evitar, esquivar; [+ argument, question, subject] → evitar, eludir; [+ duty] → eludir; [+ danger] → salvarse de
are you trying to avoid me?¿me estás evitando or esquivando?
I try to avoid himprocuro no tener nada que ver con él
he avoids all his friendshuye de todos sus amigos
this way we avoid Londonpor esta ruta evitamos pasar por Londres
to avoid sb's eyeesquivar la mirada de algn
to avoid tax (legally) → evitar pagar impuestos; (illegally) → defraudar al fisco
to avoid doing sthevitar hacer algo
he managed to avoid (hitting) the treelogró esquivar el árbol
I'm trying to avoid being seen by Jeremyestoy intentando evitar que me vea Jeremy, estoy intentando que Jeremy no me vea
it's to be avoided like the plaguede esto hay que huir como de la peste

avoid

[əˈvɔɪd] vt
(= prevent) [+ disease, disaster] → éviter
to avoid doing sth → éviter de faire qch
Avoid going out on your own at night → Évite de sortir seul le soir.
(= manage not to hit) [+ car, obstacle] → éviter
(= keep away from) [+ person, place] → éviter
He avoids her when she's in a bad mood → Il l'évite lorsqu'elle est de mauvaise humeur.

avoid

vtvermeiden; damage, accident alsoverhüten; personmeiden, aus dem Weg gehen (+dat); obstacleausweichen (+dat); difficulty, duty, truthumgehen; to avoid danger (in general) → die Gefahr meiden; (on a specific occasion) → der Gefahr (dat)entgehen; in order to avoid being seenum nicht gesehen zu werden; he’d do anything to avoid washing the disheser würde alles tun, um nur nicht abwaschen zu müssen; I’m not going if I can possibly avoid itwenn es sich irgendwie vermeiden lässt, gehe ich nicht; … you can hardly avoid visiting themdann kommst du wohl kaum darum herum or kannst du es wohl schlecht vermeiden, sie zu besuchen; to avoid somebody’s eyejds Blick (dat)ausweichen, es vermeiden, jdn anzusehen; to avoid being noticedmöglichst unbemerkt bleiben

avoid

[əˈvɔɪd] vt (obstacle) → scansare, schivare, evitare; (argument) → evitare; (danger) → sfuggire a
to avoid doing sth → evitare di fare qc
try to avoid being seen → cerca di non farti vedere
are you trying to avoid me? → stai cercando di evitarmi?

avoid

(əˈvoid) verb
to keep away from (a place, person or thing). He drove carefully to avoid the holes in the road; Avoid the subject of money.
aˈvoidance noun

avoid

يَتَجَنَّبُ vyvarovat se undgå vermeiden αποφεύγω evitar välttää éviter izbjegavati evitare 避ける 피하다 vermijden unngå uniknąć evitar избегать undvika หลีกเลี่ยง kaçınmak tránh 避免

avoid

v. evitar., esquirar; eludir.

avoid

vt evitar; You should avoid salt.. Debe evitar la sal.
References in classic literature ?
As a matter of principle they did just enough work in their classes to avoid pun- ishment.
Try to get all the sleep you can, for we must start early to avoid the heat of the day," and there was the sound of the guide leaving and arranging the folds of the mosquito net behind him to keep out the night- flying insects.
Heyward yielded the guidance of the canoe implicitly to the scout, who approached or receded from the shore, to avoid the fragments of rocks, or deeper parts of the river, with a readiness that showed his knowledge of the route they held.
I did not confine my lodging to it, but often reposed in thick cane-brakes, to avoid the savages, who, I believe, often visited my camp, but fortunately for me, in my absence.
I imagine it would be very difficult to carry a piano over those mountains," said Christie laughingly, to avoid the collateral of the banjo.
But, after looking awhile at the long-tailed imp, he was so shocked by his horrible ugliness, spiritual as well as physical, that he actually began to shed tears; a weakness which men of merely delicate endowments, and destitute of the fiercer, deeper, and more tragic power of laughter, can hardly avoid, when the worst and meanest aspect of life happens to be presented to them.
A man burdened with a secret should especially avoid the intimacy of his physician.
Nonetheless, the rest of the day I watched for further occasion to approach my colleague, especially as, toward evening, I began to fancy she rather sought to avoid me.
gritted Ahab between his set teeth, and violently moving away, as if to avoid some passionate temptation.
This was the tormented surgeon, who, after in vain remonstrating against the proceedings of the day, had betaken himself to the Captain's round-house ( cabinet he called it) to avoid the pest; but still, could not help yelling out his entreaties and indignations at times.
He then somehow scrambled into the saddle, and with a "Gee up" and a clap on my sides with both his legs, he started on his journey, making a little circuit to avoid the dike.
All the joy went out of tramping as soon as a man could not keep warm in the hay; and, like many thousands of others, he deluded himself with the hope that by coming early he could avoid the rush.