axon


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Related to axon: Dendrites

ax·on

 (ăk′sŏn′) also ax·one (-sōn′)
n.
The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.

[Greek axōn, axis.]

ax′on·al (ăk′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn′əl) adj.

axon

(ˈæksɒn) or

axone

n
(Biology) the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body. Compare dendrite
[C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra]
ˈaxonal, axˈonic adj

ax•on

(ˈæk sɒn)

n.
the appendage of a neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
[1835–45; < New Latin < Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis]
ax′on•al (-sə nl, -ˌsɒn l) adj.

ax·on

(ăk′sŏn′)
The long portion of a nerve cell that carries impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber.

axon

The extension of a neuron, taking impulses away from the cell body.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.axon - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuronaxon - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
nerve end, nerve ending - the terminal structure of an axon that does not end at a synapse
Translations

axon

[ˈæksɒn] n axone [ˈæksəʊn] nassone m

ax·on

n. axon, fibra nerviosa, proyección que va desde el cuerpo celular de una neurona y transporta impulsos nerviosos lejos de ésta.
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When an axon is severed, the proximal axonal fragment, which is connected to the cell body, initially retracts and forms a swelling called retraction bulb at its end.
Initially, the goal of the study was to understand how interactions between PTP sigma and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans prevent axon growth.
While the adult brain connections have been well described in cartilaginous fish, a description of the initial axon tracts is lacking [7].
Important disadvantages, however, may prevent use of this enzyme as a therapeutic option for axon injury patients, including incomplete removal of inhibitory components from CSPGs, short period of enzymatic activity at body temperature, inability to cross the blood-brain barrier, and potential immune responses after repeated injections.
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