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 (ăk′sŏn′) also ax·one (-sōn′)
The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.

[Greek axōn, axis.]

ax′on·al (ăk′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn′əl) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.axonal - of or relating to or resembling an axonaxonal - of or relating to or resembling an axon
neuroscience - the scientific study of the nervous system
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References in periodicals archive ?
Effective 1 January 2018, Keller will help achieve the company's goal to pioneer breakthrough disease-modifying therapeutics for patients with neurological diseases by preventing axonal degeneration, stabilizing disease and allowing for functional recovery.
Sural nerve biopsy revealed nerve demyelination, axonal degeneration, and an obvious loss of large myelinated fibers, accompanied by Schwann cell proliferation and onion bulb formation.
On September 19, 2017, Disarm Therapeutics, a new biotechnology company developing therapeutics to treat patients with neurological diseases by preventing axonal degeneration, announced the recent completion of a $30 million Series A financing.
In the femoral nerve, there was axonal degeneration with myelin sheath expansion and the presence of vacuoles, usually in chains and containing axonal debris or macrophages (Figure 2B, 2C and 2D).
Three weeks after the appearance of the vesicular lesions, the EMG study confirmed the partial axonal degeneration of the left peroneal nerve.
He then talked about Gullian Barrie Syndrome, and also referred to AMAN axonal Degeneration.
Hydropic axonal degeneration of the optic nerve is described in eyes with elevated intraocular pressure or hypotony.
Axonal degeneration is a late presentation of vacuolar myelopathy in AIDS.
5) These deposits encroach upon the nerve fibers resulting in axonal degeneration and segmental demyelination.
41) In addition, a patient with late-onset CMT type 1B caused by a H10P mutation of the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene demonstrated accumulation of ubiquitinated MPZ inclusions between the myelin and axon, and axonal degeneration without apparent demyelination.
Axonal regeneration and remyelination begin in the distal pump of injured peripheral nerves and involve axonal degeneration and the degradation of the myelin sheath of Schwann cells, which is termed Wallerian degeneration [87].
Magnetic nerve root stimulation in two types of brachial plexus injury: segmental demyelination and axonal degeneration.