He had adopted the architect's tool of axonometric projection
, "where they use a diagonal or an oblique view of space in order to think about its outside and its inside".
This is evident in, what Bell considers, the most quintessential feature of Tosa's spatial characteristic, axonometric projection
Indeed, the designs of projects in Poland, which are juxtaposed (although not physically) with the projects developed by the same architects in Africa and the Middle East, are presented through the medium of axonometric projection
, a type of line drawing that shows an object in a skewed direction in order to reveal multiple sides of the object in the same picture.
Illustration: Axonometric projection
of Bavarian dairy farm of the future for 160 milking cows with cow-kennels, two milking robots, automatic feeding, biogas plant, and photovoltaic cells on all roofs.
This technique allows Aronson to hold onto a sense of normative viewing, whereas the axonometric projection
into four directions leads to distortion.
just as axonometric projection
eliminates every fixed, unique viewpoint," writes Yve-Alain Bois in his essay "Metamorphoses of Axonometry" (1981/1983), "so it has been used throughout history in a multiple, contradictory fashion.
But Eisenman went beyond mere adaptation; in some of his early houses he made axonometric projection
determinant of his designs.
Similarly, the presence of multiple and contradictory spatial systems, especially the combination of axonometric projection
with photographic elements in plan, elevation, or one-point perspective, yields in the late '30s to the perspectival reorganization of space around a dominant horizon line, as seen in Kulagina's 1938-39 photo panels for the Siberian pavilion at the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition.
Consisting of an eighteen-page introduction on "The City in History", brief histories of some sixty-six select cities arranged alphabetically, and an amalgam of maps, plans, views, elevations and axonometric projections
of buildings with accompanying map imagery--all from the British Library--this work does at least highlight the field's potential.