7 Patients with brucella glomerulonephritis almost always have, proteinuria, and/or azotemia
, but exact diagnosis is generally established with resolution of the clinical findings after antibiotic treatment for brucellosis.
Dogs with CKD in stage III present moderate azotemia
with serum creatinine of 2.
The tendency of the patient was to present prerenal azotemia
The compliance data in this study were gathered from patients who presented with azotemia
and large residual urine.
Table-I: Age, sex, prerenal azotemia
, average hemoglobin and hematocrit values, and anticoagulant-antiaggregant use in patients.
Sixty-nine dogs with CKD were diagnosed based on their history, the presence of azotemia
and isosthenuria, and were grouped according to classification proposed by the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS).
Our patient had a mild clinical picture of glomerulonephritis and did not develop oliguria, hypertension and azotemia
Clinical examination, associated with suspicion for renovascular hypertension (the absence of reduced high blood pressure values after quadruple antihypertensive therapy; the occurrence or evolution of azotemia
in a hypertensive patient treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; the onset of arterial hypertension after the age of 50; multiple atherosclerotic locations, in different arterial areas) and vascular ultrasound can lead to the diagnosis, for a significant percentage of patients.
2 mg/dL]); and azotemia
(blood urea nitrogen level 150 mg/dL [reference range 7 mg/dL-20 mg/dL]).
However, 26 dogs of severe heart failure (DCM-13; MVI-8 and pericardial effusion-5) developed azotemia
and collapsed during 10-40 days of therapy, which failed to respond in spite of reduction and adjustment of the therapeutic agents.
Unilateral post-obstructive azotemia
clinically manifests as a progressive disease syndrome producing diverse irreversible derangements in renal dynamics.
Renal failure in cirrhosis: prerenal azotemia
, hepatorenal syndrome and acute tubular necrosis.