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also Ba'ath·ist  (bä′ä-thĭst)
A member of a pan-Arab socialist political party active principally in Syria and Iraq.

[After the Ba'ath Party, from Arabic ba'ṯ, revival, from ba'ata, to send, evoke, awaken.]

Ba′ath·ism n.
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The Kurds in Iraq in the early 1970s staged a rebellion against the Baathist dictatorship in Baghdad, and they enjoyed some American support.
Finally, very reluctantly, the United States is coming around to the long-standing Russian position that the secular Baathist regime in Syria must survive, as part of some compromise peace deal that everybody except the Islamist extremists will accept (although nobody will love it).
The group's leader is Izzat al-Douri, who was Hussein's right-hand man and the most wanted member of the ousted Baathist regime to remain at large since the US invasion of Iraq in 2003.
Looking at the turmoil in Syria today it is easy to conclude that one of the few virtues of the Baathist dictatorship was its opposition to sectarianism.
The departure of the Baathist regime of Bashar Al-Assad and the transition to a government that respected the fundamental rights of all the Syrian people; on that level, things could not be clearer.
Izzat al-Douri in Diala, strict measures around prisons, security sources BAGHDAD/ Aswat al-Iraq: Security sources are investigating news of Baathist ex-vice-president Izzat al-Douri movements in three provinces, including Diala, while Iraqi forces increased their strict measures around the prisons following that some of the fleeing prisoners are planning to attack the prisons to free their colleagues, according to London-based al-Hayat daily today.
State and Islam in Baathist Syria; confrontation or co-optation?
NNA - July 1, 2012 - Baathist boss in Lebanon Muhammad Qawwas, lashed out at the anti-Syrian Salafi clergyman Ahmad Aseer accusing him of being made in Israel.
Maliki also called for banning the Baathist party, the party of former leader Saddam Hussein, saying that Baathists "are the people who committed heinous crimes against the people.
More than eight years after the invasion and just two months ahead of a complete US withdrawal, Iraq is still grappling with the question of how to deal with the legacy of more than 20 years of Baathist rule.
In neighboring Salahuddin province, demonstrators took to the streets to support a symbolic move by the provincial council to declare the area autonomous, partly in protest of the Baathist round-up that has angered minority Sunnis across Iraq.
Hafez, an Allawi, which is a minority sect in Syria, was a military officer in the 1950s who followed Baathist ideology, which gained popularity in the 50s and 60s.