background


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

back·ground

 (băk′ground′)
n.
1. The ground or scenery located behind something.
2.
a. The part of a pictorial representation that appears to be in the distance and that provides relief for the principal objects in the foreground.
b. The general scene or surface against which designs, patterns, or figures are represented or viewed.
3.
a. A position, area, or situation that is not immediately in one's attention or notice: You can hear traffic moving in the background during the interview.
b. Computers The environment in which programs operate that the user does not engage with directly: processes that run in the background.
4. The circumstances and events surrounding or leading up to an event or occurrence.
5.
a. A person's experience, training, and education: Her background in the arts is impressive.
b. The cultural or social environment in which a person was brought up or has lived: a class with students from many different backgrounds.
6. Subdued music played especially as an accompaniment to dialogue in a dramatic performance.
7.
a. Sound that intrudes on or interferes with an audio recording.
b. Low-level radiation, as from radioactive decay, that exists as part of the natural environment.
Idioms:
on background
For publication but without specific attribution of the source: The senator would only speak on background with the reporter about the crisis.
on deep background
For publication without any attribution of the source.

back′ground′ v.

background

(ˈbækˌɡraʊnd)
n
1. the part of a scene or view furthest from the viewer
2.
a. an inconspicuous or unobtrusive position (esp in the phrase in the background)
b. (as modifier): a background influence.
3. (Art Terms) art
a. the plane or ground in a picture upon which all other planes or forms appear superimposed
b. the parts of a picture that appear most distant. Compare foreground2, middle-distance2
4. a person's social class, education, training, or experience
5. (Historical Terms)
a. the social, historical, or technical circumstances that lead up to or help to explain something: the background to the French Revolution.
b. (as modifier): background information.
6.
a. a low level of sound, lighting, etc, whose purpose is to be an unobtrusive or appropriate accompaniment to something else, such as a social activity, conversation, or the action of a film
b. (as modifier): background music.
7. (General Physics) physics Also called: background radiation low-intensity radiation as, for example, from small amounts of radioisotopes in soil, air, building materials, etc
8. (Electronics) electronics
a. unwanted effects, such as noise, occurring in a measuring instrument, electronic device, etc
b. (as modifier): background interference.

back•ground

(ˈbækˌgraʊnd)
n.
1. the ground or parts, as of a scene, situated in the rear (opposed to foreground).
2. the part of a painted or carved surface against which represented objects and forms are perceived or depicted.
3. one's origin, education, experience, etc., in relation to one's present character or status: a religious background.
4. the social, historical, and other antecedents or causes of an event or condition: the background of the war.
5. the set of conditions against which an occurrence is perceived.
6.
a. Also called back′ground radia`tion. the natural low-intensity radiation from cosmic rays and naturally occurring radioisotopes in rocks, soil, etc.
b. intrusive sound or radiation that tends to interfere with the transmission or reception of electronic signals.
adj.
7. of, pertaining to, or serving as a background: background noise.
v.t.
8. to supply a background for.
Idioms:
in or into the background, in or into a state of less importance or visibility.
[1665–75]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.background - a person's social heritage: previous experience or training; "he is a lawyer with a sports background"
heritage, inheritance - any attribute or immaterial possession that is inherited from ancestors; "my only inheritance was my mother's blessing"; "the world's heritage of knowledge"
2.background - the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foregroundbackground - the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"
panorama, vista, view, aspect, scene, prospect - the visual percept of a region; "the most desirable feature of the park are the beautiful views"
3.background - information that is essential to understanding a situation or problembackground - information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; "the embassy filled him in on the background of the incident"
information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
4.background - extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measuredbackground - extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured; "they got a bad connection and could hardly hear one another over the background signals"
interference, noise, disturbance - electrical or acoustic activity that can disturb communication
background noise, ground noise - extraneous noise contaminating sound measurements that cannot be separated from the desired signal
background radiation - radiation coming from sources other than those being observed
5.background - relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation; "when the rain came he could hear the sound of thunder in the background"
accompaniment, concomitant, co-occurrence, attendant - an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
6.background - the state of the environment in which a situation exists; "you can't do that in a university setting"
environment - the totality of surrounding conditions; "he longed for the comfortable environment of his living room"
canvass, canvas - the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account; "the crowded canvas of history"; "the movie demanded a dramatic canvas of sound"
show window, showcase - a setting in which something can be displayed to best effect; "it was a showcase for democracy in Africa"
7.background - (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appearbackground - (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear
CRT screen, screen - the display that is electronically created on the surface of the large end of a cathode-ray tube
computer science, computing - the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
8.background - scenery hung at back of stagebackground - scenery hung at back of stage  
scenery, scene - the painted structures of a stage set that are intended to suggest a particular locale; "they worked all night painting the scenery"
Verb1.background - understate the importance or quality of; "he played down his royal ancestry"
wave off - dismiss as insignificant; "He waved off suggestions of impropriety"
soft-pedal - play down or obscure; "His advisers soft-pedaled the president's blunder"
accent, accentuate, emphasize, stress, punctuate, emphasise - to stress, single out as important; "Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet"
foreground, highlight, play up, spotlight - move into the foreground to make more visible or prominent; "The introduction highlighted the speaker's distinguished career in linguistics"

background

noun
1. upbringing, history, culture, environment, tradition, circumstances, breeding, milieu Moulded by his background, he could not escape traditional values.
2. experience, grounding, education, preparation, qualifications, credentials His background was in engineering.
3. circumstances, history, conditions, situation, atmosphere, environment, framework, equation, ambience, milieu, frame of reference The meeting takes place against a background of political violence.
4. backdrop, surrounding, backcloth roses patterned on the blue background
in the background
5. in the distance I kept hearing applause in the background.
6. behind the scenes, unnoticed, out of the limelight, out of the spotlight Rosemary likes to stay in the background.

background

noun
Past events surrounding a person or thing:
Translations
جُذور، خَلفِيَّة الأنسانخَلْفِيَّةخَلفِيَّة الأحْداثخَلفيّه، خَلفِيَّة الصّوره
prostředípůvodz něhož kdo pocházíminulostpozadí
baggrund
HintergrundMilieuSchreibtischhintergrundVergangenheitFond
tausta
porijeklo
háttér
bakgrunnurforsagauppruni
背景
배경백그라운드예비지식바탕색
pozadie
izvorozadje
bakgrund
ภูมิหลัง
arka planbir olayın öncesiözgeçmiş
bối cảnh

background

[ˈbækgraʊnd]
A. N
1. [of picture etc] → fondo m (fig) → ambiente m
on a red backgroundsobre un fondo rojo
in the backgroundal or en el fondo (fig) → en segundo plano, en la sombra
to stay in the backgroundmantenerse en segundo plano, no buscar publicidad
2. [of person] → formación f, educación f
she comes from a wealthy backgroundproviene de una familia acaudalada
what is his background?¿cuáles son sus antecedentes?
3. [of situation, event] → antecedentes mpl
the background to the crisislos antecedentes de la crisis
to fill in the background for sbponer a algn en antecedentes
B. CPD background music Nmúsica f de fondo
background noise Nruido m de fondo
background reading Nlecturas fpl de fondo, lecturas fpl preparatorias
background studies NPLestudios mpl del ambiente histórico (en que vivió un autor)
background task N (Comput) → tarea f secundaria

background

[ˈbækgraʊnd]
n
(in picture, photo, scenery)arrière-plan m; (in design)fond m
in the background
a house in the background → une maison à l'arrière-plan
voices in the background → des voix en bruit de fond
[events] (= context) → contexte m (= history) → historique m
the background to sth → l'historique de qch
the economic background to the present crisis → le contexte économique de la présente crise
the historical background to sth → l'historique de qch
against a background of sth [+ violence, unrest] → dans un climat de qch
(= experience) → formation f
a background in sth
His background was in engineering → Il avait une formation d'ingénieur.
(= origins) → milieu m
She came from a working-class background → Elle était issue du milieu ouvrier.
family background → milieu familial
modif
[research] → de fond
background information (= context) → contexte m (= general information) → informations fpl générales
For more background information, visit www → Pour plus de renseignements, visitez www. ... background check, background reportbackground check nvérification f des antécédents
They are calling for fingerprinting and background checks for airport employees → Ils réclament la prise des empreintes digitales et la vérification des antécédents pour les employés des aéroports.background music nmusique f de fondbackground noise nbruit m de fondbackground reading n (= list of titles to read) → lectures fpl générales (autour d'un sujet)background report n (LAW)rapport m d'expert

background

n
(of painting etc, fig) → Hintergrund m; to stay in the backgroundim Hintergrund bleiben, sich im Hintergrund halten; to keep somebody in the backgroundjdn nicht in den Vordergrund treten lassen; against a background of poverty and diseasevor dem Hintergrund von Armut und Krankheit
(of person) (educational etc) → Werdegang m; (social) → Verhältnisse pl; (= family background)Herkunft f no pl; (Sociol) → Background m; he comes from a background of povertyer kommt aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen; comprehensive schools take children from all backgroundsGesamtschulen nehmen Kinder aus allen Schichten auf; what do we know about the main character’s background?was wissen wir über das Vorleben der Hauptperson?; what’s your educational background?was für eine Ausbildung haben Sie?
(of case, problem etc)Zusammenhänge pl, → Hintergründe pl, → Hintergrund m; he explained the background to the crisiser erläuterte die Zusammenhänge or Hintergründe der Krise
adj readingvertiefend; background musicHintergrundmusik f, → Musikuntermalung f; background noises plGeräuschkulisse f, → Geräusche plim Hintergrund; background informationHintergrundinformationen pl; what’s the background information on this?welche Hintergründe or Zusammenhänge bestehen hierfür?

background

[ˈbækˌgraʊnd]
1. n
a. (gen) → sfondo (fig) → sfondo, scenario
in the background → sullo sfondo (fig) → nell'ombra
on a red background → su sfondo rosso
b. (of person) → background m inv; (basic knowledge) → base f; (experience) → esperienza; (of problem, event) → retroscena m, background m inv
she comes from a wealthy background → è di famiglia ricca
family background → ambiente familiare
2. adj (music, noise) → di fondo (Comput) → a bassa priorità

back

(bӕk) noun
1. in man, the part of the body from the neck to the bottom of the spine. She lay on her back.
2. in animals, the upper part of the body. She put the saddle on the horse's back.
3. that part of anything opposite to or furthest from the front. the back of the house; She sat at the back of the hall.
4. in football, hockey etc a player who plays behind the forwards.
adjective
of or at the back. the back door.
adverb
1. to, or at, the place or person from which a person or thing came. I went back to the shop; He gave the car back to its owner.
2. away (from something); not near (something). Move back! Let the ambulance get to the injured man; Keep back from me or I'll hit you!
3. towards the back (of something). Sit back in your chair.
4. in return; in response to. When the teacher is scolding you, don't answer back.
5. to, or in, the past. Think back to your childhood.
verb
1. to (cause to) move backwards. He backed (his car) out of the garage.
2. to help or support. Will you back me against the others?
3. to bet or gamble on. I backed your horse to win.
ˈbacker noun
a person who supports someone or something, especially with money. the backer of the new theatre.
ˈbackbite verb
to criticize a person when he is not present.
ˈbackbiting noun
Constant backbiting by her colleagues led to her resignation.
ˈbackbone noun
1. the spine. the backbone of a fish.
2. the chief support. The older employees are the backbone of the industry.
ˈbackbreaking adjective
(of a task etc) very difficult or requiring very hard work. Digging the garden is a backbreaking job.
ˌbackˈdate verb
1. to put an earlier date on (a cheque etc). He should have paid his bill last month and so he has backdated the cheque.
2. to make payable from a date in the past. Our rise in pay was backdated to April.
ˌbackˈfire verb
1. (of a motor-car etc) to make a loud bang because of unburnt gases in the exhaust system. The car backfired.
2. (of a plan etc) to have unexpected results, often opposite to the intended results. His scheme backfired (on him), and he lost money.
ˈbackground noun
1. the space behind the principal or most important figures or objects of a picture etc. He always paints ships against a background of stormy skies; trees in the background of the picture.
2. happenings that go before, and help to explain, an event etc. the background to a situation.
3. a person's origins, education etc. She was ashamed of her humble background.
ˈbackhand noun
1. in tennis etc, a stroke or shot with the back of one's hand turned towards the ball. a clever backhand; His backhand is very strong.
2. writing with the letters sloping backwards. I can always recognize her backhand.
adverb
using backhand. She played the stroke backhand; She writes backhand.
ˈbacklog noun
a pile of uncompleted work etc which has collected. a backlog of orders because of the strike.
ˌback-ˈnumber noun
an out-of-date copy or issue of a magazine etc. He collects back-numbers of comic magazines.
ˈbackpack noun
(especially American) a bag that walkers, people who go on trips, or students carry on their backs.
ˈbackpacking: go backpacking
to go on trips or go camping carrying a backpack.
ˈbackpacker noun
ˈbackside noun
the bottom or buttocks. He sits on his backside all day long and does no work.
ˈbackslash noun
the sign (\).
ˈbackstroke noun
in swimming, a stroke made when lying on one's back in the water. The child is good at backstroke.
ˈbackup noun
1. additional people who provide help when it is needed. The police officer requested some backup when the shooting began.
2. a copy of a computer file that can be used in case the original is destroyed.
3. (also adjective) a piece of equipment, a system etc that can be used when there is a problem with the original one. a backup plan; We have a backup generator in case the power fails.
ˈbackwash noun
1. a backward current eg that following a ship's passage through the water. the backwash of the steamer.
2. the unintentional results of an action, situation etc. The backwash of that firm's financial troubles affected several other firms.
ˈbackwater noun
1. a stretch of river not in the main stream.
2. a place not affected by what is happening in the world outside. That village is rather a backwater.
ˌbackˈyard noun
(especially American) a garden at the back of a house etc. He grows vegetables in his backyard.
back down
to give up one's opinion, claim etc. She backed down in the face of strong opposition.
back of
(American) behind. He parked back of the store.
back on to
(of a building etc) to have its back next to (something). My house backs on to the racecourse.
back out
1. to move out backwards. He opened the garage door and backed (his car) out.
2. to withdraw from a promise etc. You promised to help – you mustn't back out now!
back up
1. to support or encourage. The new evidence backed up my arguments.
2. to make a copy of the information stored on the computer or disk.
have one's back to the wall
to be in a very difficult or desperate situation. He certainly has his back to the wall as he has lost his job and cannot find another one.
put someone's back up
to anger someone. He put my back up with his boasting.
take a back seat
to take an unimportant position. At these discussions he always takes a back seat and listens to others talking.

background

خَلْفِيَّة prostředí baggrund Hintergrund υπόβαθρο origen, trasfondo tausta contexte porijeklo origine 背景 배경 achtergrond bakgrunn pochodzenie origens, procedência происхождение bakgrund ภูมิหลัง arka plan bối cảnh 背景

back·ground

n. fondo; [knowledge] preparación, experiencia.
References in classic literature ?
It was a pictorial sheet, and Jo examined the work of art nearest her, idly wondering what fortuitous concatenation of circumstances needed the melodramatic illustration of an Indian in full war costume, tumbling over a precipice with a wolf at his throat, while two infuriated young gentlemen, with unnaturally small feet and big eyes, were stabbing each other close by, and a disheveled female was flying away in the background with her mouth wide open.
The garden that had been so mysterious and vast, a place that with Seth beside her might have become the background for strange and wonderful adven- tures, now seemed no more than an ordinary Wines- burg back yard, quite definite and limited in its outlines.
Their beauty shone out too boldly against a conventional background.
The forms in the background looked like unearthly beings, gliding before the eye, and cleaving the air with frantic and unmeaning gestures; while the savage passions of such as passed the flames were rendered fearfully distinct by the gleams that shot athwart their inflamed visages.
And really, looking at him now, he was not so VERY YOUNG for Jessie; whether his unfortunate passion had brought out all his latent manliness, or whether he had hitherto kept his serious nature in the background, certainly he was not a boy.
Look at it --a mere hillock, and elbow of sand; all beach, without a background.
But round in the background there were a number of poor things, sadly broken down with hard work, with their knees knuckling over and their hind legs swinging out at every step, and there were some very dejected-looking old horses, with the under lip hanging down and the ears lying back heavily, as if there were no more pleasure in life, and no more hope; there were some so thin you might see all their ribs, and some with old sores on their backs and hips.
Meantime there was one thing which had got pushed into the background of my mind.
Her white skin had a low bank of fresh green willows for background and effective contrast--for she stood against them--and above and out of them projected the eager faces and white shoulders of two smaller girls.
He turned his back, and the two panes were quickly covered with delicately lined oval spots, but visible only to such persons as could get a dark background for them--the foliage of a tree, outside, for instance.
The following day brought news from Richmond to throw every thing else into the background.
Its grey front stood out well from the background of a rookery, whose cawing tenants were now on the wing: they flew over the lawn and grounds to alight in a great meadow, from which these were separated by a sunk fence, and where an array of mighty old thorn trees, strong, knotty, and broad as oaks, at once explained the etymology of the mansion's designation.