backscatter

(redirected from Backscattering)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Backscattering: backward scattering

back·scat·ter

 (băk′skăt′ər)
n.
1. The deflection of radiation or particles by electromagnetic or nuclear forces through angles greater than 90° to the initial direction of travel.
2. The radiation or particles so deflected.

back′scat′ter v.

backscatter

(ˈbækˌskætə)
n
1. (General Physics) the scattering of particles or radiation, such as sound waves, X-rays, or alpha-particles, by the atoms of the medium through which they pass, in the backward direction
2. (General Physics) the radiation or particles so scattered
3. (Military) a technique whereby very long-range radars locate targets hidden by the curvature of the earth. Radar beams are reflected off the underside of the troposphere onto the target and the return beams, similarly reflected, are measured
vb
to scatter in this way

back•scat•ter

(ˈbækˌskæt ər)

n.
1. the deflection of radiation by scattering in a direction opposite to the direction of incidence.
2. radiation scattered in this manner.
[1955–60]

backscatter

Refers to a portion of the laser energy that is scattered back in the direction of the seeker by an obscurant. See also laser.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.backscatter - scatter (radiation) by the atoms of the medium through which it passesbackscatter - scatter (radiation) by the atoms of the medium through which it passes
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
disperse, scatter, break up - cause to separate; "break up kidney stones"; "disperse particles"
Translations
rétrodiffusion
References in periodicals archive ?
The gauge is optimal for traditional gamma transmission applications (level and density measurements) or in gamma backscattering applications on large process vessels and pipelines.
The system model for backscattering can be found from the equivalent Thevenin circuit [13] of the antenna and the modulator, as shown in Fig.
Therefore, to obtain a fundamental knowledge for estimating soil moisture with the PALSAR, we aimed in this study to establish a relationship between backscattering coefficients measured with the single polarization mode of PALSAR and volumetric water content, in small-scale farmlands.
Backscattering from Multiscale Rough Surfaces With Application to Wind Scatterometry
The backscattering coefficient has been simulated for 1nm 5nm and 10nm nanowire radius.
Algorithms based on the backscattering intensity of different polarization channels and various polarimetric target decomposition parameters were developed for those applications.
The expected volume backscattering strength from rockfishes at 18, 70, 120, and 200 kHz is within 5 dB of the volume backscattering strength at 38 kHz (De Robertis et al.
Then, the backscattering from the surfaces (air-snow interface, snow-sea ice interface and sea ice-ocean interface) is modelled using the Integral Equation Method (IEM) [18].
Topics include the small perturbation surface backscattering model, the simplified integral equation surface backscattering model, the IEM-B surface backscattering model and its bistatic properties, backscatter from multiscale surfaces, the standard moment method, a model for scattering from a low-dielectric layer of Rayleigh scatterers with irregular layer boundaries, and emission models for rough surfaces and a Rayleigh layer with irregular layer boundaries.
In Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), energetic ions are directed at a sample and the energy spectrum from the backscatter of ions is measured.
The transmission detector picks up the light transmitted through the product with a backscattering detector receiving the light backscattered by the product.