Sand is gradually accumulating on the backshore
due to aeolian and wave activity, while storms wash those accumulative forms periodically, forming a distinctive scarp at a specific elevation (Tonisson et al.
The coastal area along Ko Tong Hau, comprising natural coastline with mangroves, marsh, backshore
vegetation and sandy shore along the edge of the area and at the estuarine area along the northern section, is zoned "CPA".
Amidst this government and private sector infrastructure in the backshore
, traditional activities and a subsistence economy continue, resulting in a proliferation of small wooden sheds and repurposed shipping containers directly adjacent to the high-tide line.
The studied specimen is 84 mm long and was collected on the backshore
December 27, 2005, at Hornitos Bay (22[degrees]52' S, 70[degrees]17' W).
of the beach is limited by urban infrastructures.
Altogether 876 surface samples were collected from dune (if present), backshore
(berm), hightide zone (high water line), midtide zone and lowtide zone (low water line).
In the Willandra this pattern is apparent when stone artefact assemblages from the lake foreshore are compared to those from the backshore
(Hiscock and Allen 2000) and such continuity is not unique to Australia.
Seasonal variation in vegetative cover, species richness, species composition and species importance were compared in the backshore
and primary dunes topographic zones at a dune protection area and an unprotected site on South Padre Island, Texas, from May 2004 to April 2005.