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1. Directed or facing toward the back or rear.
2. Done or arranged in a manner or order that is opposite to previous occurrence or normal use.
3. Unwilling to act; reluctant; shy.
4. Behind others in progress or development: The technology was backward, but the system worked.
adv. or back·wards (-wərdz)
1. To or toward the back or rear.
2. With the back leading.
3. In a reverse manner or order.
4. To, toward, or into the past.
5. Toward a worse or less advanced condition.

back′ward·ly adv.
back′ward·ness n.
Usage Note: Most American English dictionaries list -wards as a spelling variant of the directional suffix -ward. Accordingly, two variants are provided for most of the adverbs that end with this suffix: backward/backwards, toward/towards, upward/upwards, and so on. Although both variants are considered acceptable, the -ward suffix is more common in American English, whereas the -wards suffix is more common in British English. This distinction is more prominent in edited prose than in casual writing or speech, possibly because many American copyeditors follow style manuals that recommend or prescribe the -ward variant. Despite this dialectal differentiation, there remains significant variation in usage among individuals and even among the different -ward words themselves. This variation is evident in the results from our 2012 usage survey: backwards and towards were deemed acceptable by 72 percent and 69 percent of Panelists, respectively, but only 38 percent found forwards to be acceptable. Note that for those -ward words that also function as adjectives, the form without the s is standard: a backward look; a westward journey.
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References in classic literature ?
But as the last whelmings intermixingly poured themselves over the sunken head of the Indian at the mainmast, leaving a few inches of the erect spar yet visible, together with long streaming yards of the flag, which calmly undulated, with ironical coincidings, over the destroying billows they almost touched; --at that instant, a red arm and a hammer hovered backwardly uplifted in the open air, in the act of nailing the flag faster and yet faster to the subsiding spar.
Google, on the other hand, was not obliged to retain earlier features or to make the service backwardly compatible with older versions, as most commercial software vendors are expected to do when they upgrade their core products.
Many empirical studies find that individual players do not adopt the rational strategy of early termination, but coordinate despite the temptation to backwardly induce their way to defection.
Instead, what we have is backwardly compatible with mil-spec MOLLE.
and Europe in November 2012 and Japan the next month, was designed to be backwardly compatible with all earlier versions of the original Nintendo Wii console.
Status(Z)=-1; 11: else if Condition B' not satisfied at z + h ; then 12: Z=Z [subset] {z + h/2}; Status(z + h/2)=-1; 13: else 14: Status(z)=0; 15: end if 16: end for 17: if no new points were inserted in Z, then 18: for z [member of] Z, do 19: if Condition C is backwardly violated, then 20: Z=Z [union] {z - h/2}; Status(z - h/2)=-1; 21: end if 22: end for 23: end if 24: end while 25: Integral = [[SIGMA].
To find out how Organizational Climate that has been transformed exerts influences backwardly in the development of transformational leaders for future research.
Teeth in upper jaw: outer row of teeth curved, enlarged and wide-set, teeth larger near angle of jaw; three to four rows of smaller, depressible teeth anteriorly, tapering to two to three rows posteriorly, teeth in rows pointing inward into mouth; an innermost row of one to two enlarged backwardly directed teeth anteriorly on each side of jaw.
The stand consisted of a raised, backwardly inclined platform with attached backrest, on which subjects stood motionless by resting the posterior aspect of their pelvis against the backrest.
This increasing pressure in the muscle backwardly expresses as differential pressure between input and output of the inlet solenoid valve.
Accepted techniques for capturing a backwardly evolved person are not unlike techniques police already employ to capture wild animals.
5 mm); pale apricot and of firm substance; anterior two thirds with deep longitudinal grooves on sides and outer (convex) surface, ridges between grooves bearing coarse, backwardly directed, scale-like spines; a broad, smooth band running along inner surface of spiral; spines well developed, with narrow base and flat, expanded blade with two or more lobes.