bacteria


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Related to bacteria: algae, fungi, lactobacillus

bac·te·ri·a

 (băk-tîr′ē-ə)
n.
Plural of bacterium.

bacteria

(bækˈtɪərɪə)
pl n, sing -rium (-rɪəm)
(Microbiology) a very large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three domains of living organisms. They are prokaryotic, unicellular, and either free-living in soil or water or parasites of plants or animals. See also prokaryote
[C19: plural of New Latin bacterium, from Greek baktērion, literally: a little stick, from baktron rod, staff]
bacˈterial adj
bacˈterially adv

bac•te•ri•a

(bækˈtɪər i ə)

n.pl., sing. -te•ri•um (-ˈtɪər i əm)
any of numerous groups of microscopic one-celled organisms constituting the phylum Schizomycota, of the kingdom Monera, various species of which are involved in infectious diseases, nitrogen fixation, fermentation, or putrefaction.
[1905–10; < New Latin < Greek baktḗria, pl. of baktḗrion; see bacterium]
bac•te′ri•al, adj.
bac•te′ri•al•ly, adv.

Bacteria


the branch of biology that studies and classifies bacteria. — bacteriologist, n.bacteriologic, bacteriological, adj.
a strong resistance by bacteria to absorbing stains. — chromatophobic, adj.
a bacterium that grows well in the presence of hemoglobin. — hemophilic, adj.
the branch of biology that studies microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and pathogenic protozoa. — microbiologist, n.
an abnormal fear of microorganisms. — microphobic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bacteria - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fissionbacteria - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
immune reaction, immune response, immunologic response - a bodily defense reaction that recognizes an invading substance (an antigen: such as a virus or fungus or bacteria or transplanted organ) and produces antibodies specific against that antigen
bioremediation - the act of treating waste or pollutants by the use of microorganisms (as bacteria) that can break down the undesirable substances
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
acidophil, acidophile - an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
probiotic, probiotic bacterium, probiotic flora, probiotic microflora - a beneficial bacterium found in the intestinal tract of healthy mammals; often considered to be a plant
bacteroid - a rodlike bacterium (especially any of the rod-shaped or branched bacteria in the root nodules of nitrogen-fixing plants)
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
Calymmatobacterium, genus Calymmatobacterium - a genus of bacterial rods containing only the one species that causes granuloma inguinale
Francisella, genus Francisella - a genus of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria that occur as pathogens and parasite in many animals (including humans)
gonococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae - the pus-producing bacterium that causes gonorrhea
legionella, Legionella pneumophilia - the motile aerobic rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease
nitrobacterium - any of the bacteria in the soil that take part in the nitrogen cycle; they oxidize ammonium compounds into nitrites or oxidize nitrites into nitrates
penicillin-resistant bacteria - bacteria that are unaffected by penicillin
pus-forming bacteria - bacteria that produce pus
rod - any rod-shaped bacterium
diplococcus - Gram-positive bacteria usually occurring in pairs
superbug - a strain of bacteria that is resistant to all antibiotics
resistance - the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria)
microphage - a neutrophil that ingests small things (as bacteria)
microbiology - the branch of biology that studies microorganisms and their effects on humans

bacteria

plural noun microorganisms, viruses, bugs (slang), germs, microbes, pathogens, bacilli Chlorine is added to kill bacteria.
Translations
بَكْتِيريابَكْتيريا، جَراثيمجراثيم
bakterie
bakteriebakterier
bakteeritbakteerikanta
bakterije
baktériumok
bacterios
bakteri
bakteríurgerlargerlar, bakteríur
バクテリア細菌
박테리아세균
bakterijabakteriologasbakteriologijabakteriologinis
baktērija
bakteriabakterie
bactériabactérias
baktérie
bakterije
bakteriebakterier
เชื้อแบคทีเรีย
bakteribakteriler
vi khuẩn

bacteria

[bækˈtɪərɪə] NPLbacterias fpl

bacteria

[bækˈtɪəriə] nplbactéries fpl

bacteria

[bækˈtɪərɪə] nplbatteri mpl

bacteria

(bakˈtiəriə) singular bacˈterium (-əm) noun plural
organisms not able to be seen except under a microscope, found in rotting matter, in air, in soil and in living bodies, some being the germs of disease. a throat infection caused by bacteria.
bacˌteriˈology (-ˈolədʒi) noun
the study of bacteria.
bacˌterioˈlogical (ˈlo-) adjective
bacˌteriˈologist noun

bacteria

بَكْتِيريا bakterie bakterie Bakterien βακτήρια bacteria, bacterias bakteerit bactérie bakterije batteri バクテリア 박테리아 bacteriën bakterier bakteria bactéria бактерия bakterie เชื้อแบคทีเรีย bakteri vi khuẩn 细菌

bac·te·ri·a

n.,pl. bacterias, gérmenes; organismos microscópicos.

bacteria

pl de bacterium
References in classic literature ?
Here, apparently, was the Palaeontological Section, and a very splendid array of fossils it must have been, though the inevitable process of decay that had been staved off for a time, and had, through the extinction of bacteria and fungi, lost ninety-nine hundredths of its force, was nevertheless, with extreme sureness if with extreme slowness at work again upon all its treasures.
A cankering disease, due, it is believed, to the action of certain bacteria, presently seized upon it.
This little community had returned from its original habits of suburban parasitism to what no doubt had been the normal life of humanity for nearly immemorial years, a life of homely economies in the most intimate, contact with cows and hens and patches of around, a life that breathes and exhales the scent of cows and finds the need for stimulants satisfied by the activity of the bacteria and vermin it engenders.
For it was these bacteria, and germs, and microbes, and bacilli, cultured in the laboratories of the West, that had come down upon China in the rain of glass.
Some researchers theorize that low doses of antibiotics may also induce weight gain by killing naturally occurring bacteria in the animal's gut, allowing more nutrients to be passed along.
Mom was right to insist on all that hand washing, but a parental obsession with eradicating germs may be giving bacteria the upper hand.
So far, we haven't been able to determine in the lab whether it's a nastier bacteria," Gast adds.
Although the Centers for Disease Control issues guidelines for the testing of various disease-causing bacteria, it has yet to issue guidance on Legionella testing.
Field tests just released reveal the effectiveness of the Smart Sponge(R) Plus -- an innovative technology used to stop bacteria and pollutants from emptying into the waterways of Rhode Island's Scarborough State Park Beach.
Trillions of bacteria and archaea--single-celled organisms that resemble bacteria but form another branch of life--occupy the intestines of healthy people and other animals.
The adhesive surface factors involved in adherence of these bacteria are largely unknown, and their flagella have not yet been characterized biochemically and antigenically.
Until a year ago, most people thought of anthrax as the bacteria that lurked in soil and occasionally infected an unlucky farm animal that inhaled the microbes.