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also ban·ian  (băn′yən)
A tropical Indian fig tree (Ficus benghalensis), often widely spreading because of the many aerial roots that descend from the branches and develop into additional trunks. It is planted for ornament and shade.

[Short for banyan tree, merchants' tree, from Portuguese banian, Hindu merchant, from Gujarati vāṇiyo, from Sanskrit vāṇijaḥ; see wen- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈbænjən) or


1. (Plants) a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India
3. (Clothing & Fashion) a loose-fitting shirt, jacket, or robe, worn originally in India
[C16: from Hindi baniyā, from Sanskrit vānija merchant]


(ˈbæn yən)

an East Indian fig tree, Ficus benghalensis, of the mulberry family, having branches that send out adventitious roots to the ground and sometimes cause the tree to spread over a wide area.
[1590–1600; < Portuguese (perhaps < Arabic) < Gujarati vāṇiyo member of the merchant caste; allegedly after a particular tree of the species near which merchants had built a booth]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.banyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunksbanyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
fig tree - any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
2.banyan - a loose fitting jacketbanyan - a loose fitting jacket; originally worn in India
jacket - a short coat
شَجَرَةُ الأثاب: تينُ البِغال
indiai fügeindiai fügefa
bengalinis fikusas
banianfigowiec bengalski
Hint inciri

banyan (tree)

nBengalische Feige, Banyan m


(ˈbӕnjən) noun
a tree that grows on wet land, with branches that have hanging roots that grow down and start new trunks.
References in classic literature ?
The height of these banyans is really remarkable, my dear Dick; and yet, they would be nothing astonishing in the New World.
Fogg returned on board to resume his former habits; while Passepartout, according to custom, sauntered about among the mixed population of Somanlis, Banyans, Parsees, Jews, Arabs, and Europeans who comprise the twenty-five thousand inhabitants of Aden.
Because he painted the trees I see about me every day, the cocoa-nuts, the banyans, the flamboyants, the alligator-pears, I have seen them ever since differently, as though there were in them a spirit and a mystery which I am ever on the point of seizing and which forever escapes me.