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1. Any of several Mediterranean halophytes, especially Salsola kali, S. soda, or Halogeton sativus, that were formerly burned to obtain a crude soda ash.
2. The crude sodium carbonate ash that was obtained from these plants.
[Spanish barrilla, from Catalan regional (Alicante, Valencia) barrella, alteration (influenced by Mozarabic) of Catalan regional (Lérida and western Catalonia) parrella, from diminutive of parra, trellised grapevine (barilla plants being so called from their shape, somewhat resembling a trellised grapevine), possibly from Gothic *parra, parran-, enclosure, pen (perhaps akin to Middle English parren, to enclose, confine) or of pre-Roman substrate origin (akin to Old French barre, bar; see bar1).]
1. (Elements & Compounds) an impure mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate obtained from the ashes of certain plants, such as the saltworts
2. (Plants) either of two chenopodiaceous plants, Salsola kali (or soda) or Halogeton soda, formerly burned to obtain a form of sodium carbonate. See also saltwort
[C17: from Spanish barrilla, literally: a little bar, from barra bar1]
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|Noun||1.||barilla - bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash|
|2.||barilla - Algerian plant formerly burned to obtain calcium carbonate|
genus Halogeton - a caryophyllaceous genus of the family Chenopodiaceae