bark


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bark 1

 (bärk)
n.
1. The harsh sound uttered by a dog.
2. A sound, such as a cough, that is similar to a dog's bark.
v. barked, bark·ing, barks
v.intr.
1. To utter a bark.
2. To make a sound similar to a bark: "The birds bark softly, sounding almost like young pups" (Charleston SC News and Courier).
3. To speak sharply; snap: "a spot where you can just drop in ... without anyone's barking at you for failing to plan ahead" (Andy Birsh).
4. To work as a barker, as at a carnival.
v.tr.
To utter in a loud, harsh voice: The quarterback barked out the signals.
Idiom:
bark up the wrong tree
To misdirect one's energies or attention.

[From Middle English berken, to bark, from Old English beorcan.]

bark 2

 (bärk)
n.
1. The tough outer covering of the woody stems and roots of trees, shrubs, and other woody plants. It includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium.
2. A specific kind of bark used for a special purpose, as in tanning or medicine.
tr.v. barked, bark·ing, barks
1. To remove bark from (a tree or log).
2. To rub off the skin of; abrade: barked my shin on the car door.
3. To tan or dye (leather or fabric) by steeping in an infusion of bark.
4. To treat (a patient) using a medicinal bark infusion.

[Middle English, from Old Norse börkr.]

bark′y adj.

bark 3

also barque  (bärk)
n.
1. A sailing ship with from three to five masts, all of them square-rigged except the after mast, which is fore-and-aft rigged.
2. A small vessel that is propelled by oars or sails.

[Middle English barke, boat, from Old French barque, from Old Italian barca, from Latin; akin to Latin bāris, Egyptian flatbottom boat, from Greek, from Egyptian byr, br.]

bark

(bɑːk)
n
1. the loud abrupt usually harsh or gruff cry of a dog or any of certain other animals
2. a similar sound, such as one made by a person, gun, etc
3. his/her bark is worse than his/her bite he or she is bad-tempered but harmless
vb
4. (intr) (of a dog or any of certain other animals) to make its typical loud abrupt cry
5. (intr) (of a person, gun, etc) to make a similar loud harsh sound
6. to say or shout in a brusque, peremptory, or angry tone: he barked an order.
7. informal US to advertise (a show, merchandise, etc) by loudly addressing passers-by
8. bark up the wrong tree informal to misdirect one's attention, efforts, etc; be mistaken
[Old English beorcan; related to Lithuanian burgěti to quarrel, growl]

bark

(bɑːk)
n
1. (Botany) a protective layer of dead corky cells on the outside of the stems of woody plants
2. (Tanning) any of several varieties of this substance that can be used in tanning, dyeing, or in medicine
3. (Pharmacology) an informal name for cinchona
vb (tr)
4. to scrape or rub off skin, as in an injury
5. (Forestry) to remove the bark or a circle of bark from (a tree or log)
6. to cover or enclose with bark
7. (Tanning) to tan (leather), principally by the tannins in barks
[C13: from Old Norse börkr; related to Swedish, Danish bark, German Borke; compare Old Norse björkr birch]

bark

(bɑːk)
n
(Nautical Terms) a variant spelling (esp US) of barque

bark1

(bɑrk)
n.
1. the abrupt, explosive cry of a dog.
2. a similar sound made by another animal, as a fox.
3. a short, explosive sound, as of firearms.
4. a brusque order, reply, etc.
5. a cough.
v.i.
6. (of a dog or other animal) to utter an abrupt, explosive cry.
7. to make a similar sound: The big guns barked.
8. to speak sharply or gruffly.
9. to advertise some attraction, as a carnival sideshow, by standing outside and calling to passersby.
10. to cough.
v.t.
11. to utter in a harsh, shouting tone: to bark orders at subordinates.
Idioms:
bark up the wrong tree, to misdirect one's thoughts or efforts.
[before 900; Middle English berken, Old English beorcan; akin to Old English borcian to bark, Old Norse berkja to bluster]
bark′less, adj.

bark2

(bɑrk)
n.
1. the external covering of the woody stems, branches, and roots of plants, as distinct and separable from the wood itself.
2. a mixture of oak and hemlock barks used in tanning.
3. candy, usu. of chocolate with large pieces of nuts, made in flat sheets.
v.t.
4. to scrape the skin of, as by bumping into something.
5. to treat with a bark infusion; tan.
6. to strip the bark from; peel.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Old Norse bǫrkr (genitive barkar)]
bark′less, adj.

bark3

or barque

(bɑrk)

n.
1. a sailing vessel having three or more masts, square-rigged on all but the aftermost.
2. (formerly) any boat or sailing vessel.
[1425–75; late Middle English barke < Old French barque « Late Latin barca, Latin *bārica, bāris < Greek bâris Egyptian barge < Coptic barī barge]

bark

(bärk)
The protective outer covering of the trunk, branches, and roots of trees and other woody plants. Bark is usually divided into inner bark, consisting of phloem (tissue that distributes a watery mixture of sugars and growth hormones made in the leaves and buds), and outer bark, consisting of layers of dead cells from the inner bark. The outer bark protects the tree from heat, cold, insects, and other dangers.

bark


Past participle: barked
Gerund: barking

Imperative
bark
bark
Present
I bark
you bark
he/she/it barks
we bark
you bark
they bark
Preterite
I barked
you barked
he/she/it barked
we barked
you barked
they barked
Present Continuous
I am barking
you are barking
he/she/it is barking
we are barking
you are barking
they are barking
Present Perfect
I have barked
you have barked
he/she/it has barked
we have barked
you have barked
they have barked
Past Continuous
I was barking
you were barking
he/she/it was barking
we were barking
you were barking
they were barking
Past Perfect
I had barked
you had barked
he/she/it had barked
we had barked
you had barked
they had barked
Future
I will bark
you will bark
he/she/it will bark
we will bark
you will bark
they will bark
Future Perfect
I will have barked
you will have barked
he/she/it will have barked
we will have barked
you will have barked
they will have barked
Future Continuous
I will be barking
you will be barking
he/she/it will be barking
we will be barking
you will be barking
they will be barking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been barking
you have been barking
he/she/it has been barking
we have been barking
you have been barking
they have been barking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been barking
you will have been barking
he/she/it will have been barking
we will have been barking
you will have been barking
they will have been barking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been barking
you had been barking
he/she/it had been barking
we had been barking
you had been barking
they had been barking
Conditional
I would bark
you would bark
he/she/it would bark
we would bark
you would bark
they would bark
Past Conditional
I would have barked
you would have barked
he/she/it would have barked
we would have barked
you would have barked
they would have barked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bark - tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plantsbark - tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
cinnamon, cinnamon bark - aromatic bark used as a spice
cassia bark, Chinese cinnamon - aromatic bark of the cassia-bark tree; less desirable as a spice than Ceylon cinnamon bark
cinnamon bark - aromatic bark of Saigon cinnamon used medicinally as a carminative
magnolia - dried bark of various magnolias; used in folk medicine
tanbark - bark rich in tannin; bruised and cut in pieces to use for tanning; spent tanbark used as a ground covering
mezereum - the dried bark of the shrub mezereon
canella, canella bark, white cinnamon - highly aromatic inner bark of the Canella winterana used as a condiment and a tonic
cinchona, cinchona bark, Jesuit's bark, Peruvian bark - medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
cascarilla bark, eleuthera bark, sweetwood bark - aromatic bark of cascarilla; used as a tonic and for making incense
root - (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
cascara, cascara sagrada, chittam bark, chittem bark - dried bark of the cascara buckthorn used as a laxative
winter's bark - aromatic bark having tonic and stimulant properties
tapa, tapa bark, tappa, tappa bark - the thin fibrous bark of the paper mulberry and Pipturus albidus
angostura, angostura bark - the bitter bark of a South American tree; used in medicines and liqueurs and bitters
branch - a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant
tree trunk, trunk, bole - the main stem of a tree; usually covered with bark; the bole is usually the part that is commercially useful for lumber
cork - outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
phellem, cork - (botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells
2.bark - a noise resembling the bark of a dogbark - a noise resembling the bark of a dog
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
3.bark - a sailing ship with 3 (or more) mastsbark - a sailing ship with 3 (or more) masts
sailing ship, sailing vessel - a vessel that is powered by the wind; often having several masts
4.bark - the sound made by a dogbark - the sound made by a dog    
bow-wow - the bark of a dog
cry - the characteristic utterance of an animal; "animal cries filled the night"
Verb1.bark - speak in an unfriendly tonebark - speak in an unfriendly tone; "She barked into the dictaphone"
mouth, speak, talk, verbalise, verbalize, utter - express in speech; "She talks a lot of nonsense"; "This depressed patient does not verbalize"
2.bark - cover with bark
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
3.bark - remove the bark of a treebark - remove the bark of a tree    
strip - remove the surface from; "strip wood"
4.bark - make barking soundsbark - make barking sounds; "The dogs barked at the stranger"
let loose, let out, utter, emit - express audibly; utter sounds (not necessarily words); "She let out a big heavy sigh"; "He uttered strange sounds that nobody could understand"
bay, quest - bark with prolonged noises, of dogs
yap, yelp, yip - bark in a high-pitched tone; "the puppies yelped"
5.bark - tan (a skin) with bark tanninsbark - tan (a skin) with bark tannins  
tan - treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather

bark

1
verb
1. yap, bay, howl, snarl, growl, yelp, woof Don't let the dogs bark.
2. shout, snap, yell, snarl, growl, berate, bawl, bluster, raise your voice I didn't mean to bark at you.
noun
1. yap, bay, howl, snarl, growl, yelp, woof The Doberman let out a string of roaring barks.

bark

2
noun
1. covering, casing, cover, skin, protection, layer, crust, housing, cortex (Anatomy, botany), rind, husk The spice comes from the inner bark of the tree.
verb
1. scrape, skin, strip, rub, scratch, shave, graze, scuff, flay, abrade She barked her thigh off the edge of the drawer.

bark

noun
A sudden sharp, explosive noise:
verb
1. To make a sudden sharp, explosive noise:
2. To speak abruptly and sharply:
Idioms: bite someone's head off, snap someone's head off.
Translations
لِحاءُ الشَّجَرنُباحيَخْدِشُ، يَقْشِرُيَنْبَحيَنْبَحُ
кора
bordarescorçalladrarlladruc
kůraštěkatštěknoutvyštěknoutodřít kůži
barkgøenskrabebjæffe
koor
aisatahaukkuahiertäähiertyäkaarna
छाल
koralajati
bárkakéregugatugatás
kayu
geltgeltagelta, tala höstuglegageygeyja
吠える
짖다
latratus
mizanoplēst mizu/ādurejasriešanariet
lătralătrat
kôraodrieť si kožu
lajatilaježlubjeskorja
skällabarkbarkaskall
เห่า
havlamakağaç kabuğubağırmakhavlama
sủa

bark

1 [bɑːk]
A. N [of tree] → corteza f
B. VT [+ tree] → descortezar; [+ skin] → raer, raspar
to bark one's shinsdesollarse las espinillas

bark

2 [bɑːk]
A. N [of dog] → ladrido m
his bark is worse than his biteperro ladrador, poco mordedor
B. VI
1. [dog] → ladrar (at a) [fox] → aullir
to be barking up the wrong treeir muy descaminado
2. (= speak sharply) → vociferar (at a)
C. VT (also bark out) [+ order] → escupir, gritar

bark

3 [bɑːk] N (liter, poet) (= boat) → barco m

bark

[ˈbɑːrk]
vi [dog] → aboyer
to be barking up the wrong tree → faire fausse route
vt (= shout) to bark orders [person] → aboyer des ordres
n
[tree] → écorce f
[dog] → aboiement m
his bark is worse than his bite → il fait plus de bruit que de mal bark chippings nplécorces fpl

bark

1
n (of tree)Rinde f, → Borke f; to strip the bark from or off a treeeinen Baumstamm schälen
vt (= rub off) skinaufschürfen; (= knock against)anstoßen, anschlagen; to bark one’s shin against the tablesich (dat)das Schienbein am Tisch anschlagen

bark

2
n (of dog, seal, gun, cough)Bellen nt; his bark is worse than his bite (Prov) → Hunde, die bellen, beißen nicht (Prov)
vibellen; to bark at somebodyjdn anbellen; (person also)jdn anfahren; to be barking up the wrong tree (fig inf)auf dem Holzweg sein (inf)

bark

3, barque
n
(poet)Barke f (liter)
(Naut) → Bark f

bark

1 [bɑːk] n (of tree) → corteccia

bark

2 [bɑːk]
1. n (of dog) → latrato, abbaiare m
his bark is worse than his bite → abbaia ma non morde
2. vi to bark (at)abbaiare a
to be barking up the wrong tree → essere sulla strada sbagliata, sbagliarsi di grosso
bark out vt + adv (order) → urlare, abbaiare

bark1

(baːk) noun
the short, sharp cry of a dog, fox etc.
verb
1. to make this sound. The dog barked at the stranger.
2. to utter abruptly. She barked a reply.

bark2

(baːk) noun
the covering of the trunk and branches of a tree. He stripped the bark off the branch.
verb
to take the skin off (part of the body) by accident. I barked my shin on the table.

bark

يَنْبَحُ štěknout bellen γαβγίζω ladrar haukkua aboyer lajati abbaiare 吠える 짖다 blaffen bjeffe zaszczekać ladrar, latir лаять skälla เห่า havlamak sủa 犬吠

bark

n (bot) corteza
References in classic literature ?
He pulled her hair whenever she came near him, upset his bread and milk to plague her when she had newly cleaned his cage, made Mop bark by pecking at him while Madam dozed, called her names before company, and behaved in all respects like an reprehensible old bird.
Torches of a light bark, that glowed with a steady flame and little smoke, had been provided, as well as a good supply of electric dry-battery lamps, and the way into the cavern was thus well lighted.
Some of the cottonwoods had already turned, and the yellow leaves and shining white bark made them look like the gold and silver trees in fairy tales.
The thief is leaning against the foot of the sugar sapling, that you can see over them bushes; his right leg is in a line with the bark of the tree, and," tapping his rifle, "I can take him from where I stand, between the angle and the knee, with a single shot, putting an end to his tramping through the woods, for at least a month to come.
This being, made only for happiness, and heretofore so miserably failing to be happy,--his tendencies so hideously thwarted, that, some unknown time ago, the delicate springs of his character, never morally or intellectually strong, had given way, and he was now imbecile,--this poor, forlorn voyager from the Islands of the Blest, in a frail bark, on a tempestuous sea, had been flung, by the last mountain-wave of his shipwreck, into a quiet harbor.
In my native town of Salem, at the head of what, half a century ago, in the days of old King Derby, was a bustling wharf -- but which is now burdened with decayed wooden warehouses, and exhibits few or no symptoms of commercial life; except, perhaps, a bark or brig, half-way down its melancholy length, discharging hides; or, nearer at hand, a Nova Scotia schooner, pitching out her cargo of firewood -- at the head, I say, of this dilapidated wharf, which the tide often overflows, and along which, at the base and in the rear of the row of buildings, the track of many languid years is seen in a border of unthrifty grass -- here, with a view from its front windows adown this not very enlivening prospect, and thence across the harbour, stands a spacious edifice of brick.
Streaming files of wild ducks began to make their appearance high in the air; the bark of the squirrel might be heard from the groves of beech and hickory- nuts, and the pensive whistle of the quail at intervals from the neighboring stubble field.
It resembled that perpendicular seam sometimes made in the straight, lofty trunk of a great tree, when the upper lightning tearingly darts down it, and without wrenching a single twig, peels and grooves out the bark from top to bottom, ere running off into the soil, leaving the tree still greenly alive, but branded.
And so they'll say in the resurrection, when they come to fish up this old mast, and find a doubloon lodged in it, with bedded oysters for the shaggy bark.
They did not bark, nor howl, nor whine, but kept on a "yo
A little walnut bark has made my yellow skin a genteel brown, and I've dyed my hair black; so you see I don't answer to the advertisement at all.
A hundred years ago they sold bark in our streets peeled from our own woods.