basal ganglion


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Related to basal ganglion: Basal nuclei

basal ganglion

n.
Any of several masses of gray matter embedded in the cerebral hemispheres that are involved in the regulation of voluntary movement. Also called basal nucleus.

ba′sal gang′lion


n.
any of several masses of gray matter in the cerebral cortex, involved in the control of movement.
[1910–15]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movementbasal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
ganglion - an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
corticospinal tract, pyramidal motor system, pyramidal tract - any of the important motor nerves on each side of the central nervous system that run from the sensorimotor areas of the cortex through the brainstem to motor neurons of the cranial nerve nuclei and the ventral root of the spinal cord
amygdala, amygdaloid nucleus, corpus amygdaloideum - an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon - the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
caudate, caudate nucleus - a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
claustrum - a layer of grey matter in the brain adjacent to the lenticular nucleus
lenticular nucleus, lentiform nucleus - a basal ganglion shaped like a lens and including the outer reddish putamen and the inner pale yellow pallidum
globus pallidus, paleostriatum, pallidum - the inner pale yellow part of the lenticular nucleus
putamen - the outer reddish part of the lenticular nucleus
corpus striatum, striate body, striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
References in periodicals archive ?
These tend to mostly accumulate in the brain stem and basal ganglion region and to a lesser extent in the spinal cord, which is irrelevant to the presenting clinical picture (11,12).
There are multiple reports of basal ganglion calcification in adults with HIV.
There was a significant difference in pre- and post-treatment rCBF values in the left temporal lobe, left temporo-occipital lobe, left basal ganglion, left thalamus, right temporal lobe, right occipital lobe, right thalamus, and right basal ganglion.