basalt


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ba·salt

 (bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
n.
1. A hard, dense, dark igneous rock composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
2. A kind of hard unglazed pottery.

[From New Latin basaltēn, a misreading (in manuscripts of Pliny) of Latin basanītēn, accusative of basanītēs, a word Pliny uses of several kinds of rock, including a hard ironlike rock that the Egyptians obtained in Ethiopia, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), touchstone : basanos, touchstone (ultimately (perhaps via Lydian) from Egyptian bḫn, graywacke) + -ītēs, adjectival suffix.]

ba·sal′tic (-sôl′tĭk) adj.

basalt

(ˈbæsɔːlt)
n
1. (Geological Science) a fine-grained dark basic igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar, a pyroxene, and olivine: the most common volcanic rock and usually extrusive. See flood basalt
2. (Ceramics) a form of black unglazed pottery resembling basalt
[C18: from Late Latin basaltēs, variant of basanītēs, from Greek basanitēs touchstone, from basanos, of Egyptian origin]
baˈsaltic adj

ba•salt

(bəˈsɔlt, ˈbæs ɔlt, ˈbeɪ sɔlt)

n.
the dark, dense, igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of labradorite and pyroxene and often displaying a columnar structure.
[1595–1605; < Latin basaltēs < Greek basanitēs=básan(os) touchstone (ultimately < Egyptian bhn(w) graywacke) + -ītēs -ite1]
ba•sal′tic, ba•sal′tine (-tɪn, -taɪn) adj.

ba·salt

(bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
A dark, fine-grained, igneous rock consisting mostly of feldspar, iron, and magnesium. Basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It commonly forms when volcanic lava becomes solid. See Table at rock.

basalt

A fine-grained extrusive rock. Oceanic crust is largely basalt.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basalt - the commonest type of solidified lavabasalt - the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark grey fine-grained igneous rock that is composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene
pyroxene - any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
oligoclase, plagioclase - any of a series of triclinic feldspars that form rocks
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Translations
البازلت
čedič
basalt
bazalt
basalt
bazaltas
bazalts
čadič
bazaltyanık taş

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] Nbasalto m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] n (= rock) → basalte m

basalt

nBasalt m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] nbasalto

basalt

(ˈbӕsoːlt) noun
any of certain types of dark-coloured rock.
References in classic literature ?
At Callyan they reached the junction of the branch line which descends towards south-eastern India by Kandallah and Pounah; and, passing Pauwell, they entered the defiles of the mountains, with their basalt bases, and their summits crowned with thick and verdant forests.
I tried to speak, but Captain Nemo stopped me by a gesture, and, picking up a piece of chalk-stone, advanced to a rock of black basalt, and traced the one word:
They fought in the breakers, they fought in the sand, and they fought on the smooth-worn basalt rocks of the nurseries, for they were just as stupid and unaccommodating as men.
It rests on ancient volcanic rocks, and has been covered by a stream of basalt, which must have entered the sea when the white shelly bed was lying at the bottom.
Clustering behind him we saw in the yellow field of light a wall of broken basalt which extended to the ceiling.
In fact, only two eruptions were larger than the one in the Pacific Northwest: the basalt flood of the Siberian Traps and the Deccan Traps.
The Austrian drag queen had been due to perform at the Friday night showing of New European Songbook, alongside her Syrian ensemble Basalt, who are based in Vienna.
But the three Austrianbased Syrians who make up her band Basalt were told they could not have visas, despite support from festival organisers.
24 July 2017 - New York and London-based infrastructure equity investment fund Basalt Infrastructure Partners II LP has partnered with New Jersey, US-based energy development firm DCO Energy to acquire Michigan, US-based energy system Detroit Renewable Energy LLC (DRE), the companies said.
Sandwich panel roofing "sandwich", 120 mm thick, with skins of metal sheeting with a middle layer of non-combustible mineral wool basalt fiber -150 m2.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-November 22, 2016-Marathon Capital closes Soltage, Basalt investment partnership