basalt


Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

ba·salt

 (bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
n.
1. A hard, dense, dark igneous rock composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar, pyroxene, and olivine, and often having a glassy appearance.
2. A kind of hard unglazed pottery.

[From New Latin basaltēn, a misreading (in manuscripts of Pliny) of Latin basanītēn, accusative of basanītēs, a word Pliny uses of several kinds of rock, including a hard ironlike rock that the Egyptians obtained in Ethiopia, from Greek basanītēs (lithos), touchstone : basanos, touchstone (ultimately (perhaps via Lydian) from Egyptian bḫn, graywacke) + -ītēs, adjectival suffix.]

ba·sal′tic (-sôl′tĭk) adj.

basalt

(ˈbæsɔːlt)
n
1. (Geological Science) a fine-grained dark basic igneous rock consisting of plagioclase feldspar, a pyroxene, and olivine: the most common volcanic rock and usually extrusive. See flood basalt
2. (Ceramics) a form of black unglazed pottery resembling basalt
[C18: from Late Latin basaltēs, variant of basanītēs, from Greek basanitēs touchstone, from basanos, of Egyptian origin]
baˈsaltic adj

ba•salt

(bəˈsɔlt, ˈbæs ɔlt, ˈbeɪ sɔlt)

n.
the dark, dense, igneous rock of a lava flow or minor intrusion, composed essentially of labradorite and pyroxene and often displaying a columnar structure.
[1595–1605; < Latin basaltēs < Greek basanitēs=básan(os) touchstone (ultimately < Egyptian bhn(w) graywacke) + -ītēs -ite1]
ba•sal′tic, ba•sal′tine (-tɪn, -taɪn) adj.

ba·salt

(bə-sôlt′, bā′sôlt′)
A dark, fine-grained, igneous rock consisting mostly of feldspar, iron, and magnesium. Basalt makes up most of the ocean floor. It commonly forms when volcanic lava becomes solid. See Table at rock.

basalt

A fine-grained extrusive rock. Oceanic crust is largely basalt.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basalt - the commonest type of solidified lavabasalt - the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark grey fine-grained igneous rock that is composed chiefly of plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene
pyroxene - any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
oligoclase, plagioclase - any of a series of triclinic feldspars that form rocks
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
Translations
البازلت
čedič
basalt
bazalt
basalt
bazaltas
bazalts
čadič
bazaltyanık taş

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] Nbasalto m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] n (= rock) → basalte m

basalt

nBasalt m

basalt

[ˈbæsɔːlt] nbasalto

basalt

(ˈbӕsoːlt) noun
any of certain types of dark-coloured rock.
References in classic literature ?
They fought in the breakers, they fought in the sand, and they fought on the smooth-worn basalt rocks of the nurseries, for they were just as stupid and unaccommodating as men.
I tried to speak, but Captain Nemo stopped me by a gesture, and, picking up a piece of chalk-stone, advanced to a rock of black basalt, and traced the one word:
At Callyan they reached the junction of the branch line which descends towards south-eastern India by Kandallah and Pounah; and, passing Pauwell, they entered the defiles of the mountains, with their basalt bases, and their summits crowned with thick and verdant forests.
Clustering behind him we saw in the yellow field of light a wall of broken basalt which extended to the ceiling.
It rests on ancient volcanic rocks, and has been covered by a stream of basalt, which must have entered the sea when the white shelly bed was lying at the bottom.
The Little Minch Sill Complex became emplaced into Middle Jurassic sediments underlying the Skye Main Lava Series, although intrusive relationships suggest that it is marginally younger than the lavas (Gibson, 1990) Gibson and Jones (1991) have stated that is composed of both single and multiple sills, represented by three main, genetically related units: picrite, picrodolerite and crinanite (analcime-rich dolerite); these are the result of the differentiation of an alkali-olivine basalt magma in an upper-crustal magma chamber.
By September, 1767, his experiments were at an advanced stage and less than 12 months later black basalt wares were on the market.
Results from the first test showed that the mechanical properties of the basalt fiber had a good performance.
Harry never forgot that back in 1930, a Mrs Warrilow worked in the department where black basalt was sorted after firing.
DRAMATIC: The helicopter winches the group from the foot of the basalt columns
The basin formations are comparable to the better-known clastic and basalt units of the much larger Fundy Basin to the east, which is close enough to share a sedimentary and structural history (Wade et al.