base pair


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Related to base pair: DNA, complementary base pairing

base pair

n.
A pair of nitrogenous bases, consisting of a purine linked by hydrogen bonds to a pyrimidine, that connects the complementary strands of DNA or of hybrid molecules joining DNA and RNA. The base pairs are adenine-thymine and guanine-cytosine in DNA, and adenine-uracil and guanine-cytosine in RNA.

base′ pair′


n.
any two of the nucleotide bases that readily form weak bonds with each other, bringing together strands of DNA or RNA and linking codons with anticodons during translation of the genetic code.

base pair

The pair of nitrogen-containing bases, consisting of a purine linked by hydrogen bonds to a pyrimidine, that connects the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of hybrid molecules joining DNA and RNA. The base pairs are adenine-thymine and guanine-cytosine in DNA, and adenine-uracil and guanine-cytosine in molecules joining DNA and RNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strandsbase pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
nucleotide, base - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers at the Scripps Institute have engineered cells to successfully transcribe a brand new artificial DNA base pair and make a never-before-seen protein with it.
US-based aptamer discovery and development company Base Pair Biotechnologies, Inc has completed a USD 3.
In 2014, Floyd Romesberg from the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, and his colleagues went beyond just imagining such a creature; they synthesized a new base pair made up of bases they called X and Y.
Most have focused on individual DNA base pair changes, often called single nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPs.
You'll note that each base pair consists of a purine and a pyrimidine, such that the spacing between backbones is the same on an A:T base pair and a G:C base pair.
With surprising foresight, during that period, Alexander Rich proposed the possibility of an artificial, third base pair between isoguanine (isoG, 6-amino-2-ketopurine) and isocytosine (isoC, 2-amino-4-ketopyrimidine) in his article in 1962 (Fig.
lindheimeri, 4 fragments, 202 base-pair heteroduplex fragment, 187 base pair fragment from parent of D.
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplification with a thermal cycler (MJ Research PTC--200-DNA Engine, San Francisco, CA) was used to obtain a 2,122 base pair gene fragment consisting of the carbapenemase structural gene nmcA and its regulatory gene nmcR (12,13).
We attempted to form a stable triplex DNA structure within an eight base pair bulged/mismatched region of a 32 base pair length DNA duplex using coralyne as a stabilizing intercalating molecule for the triplex.
The block, known as a base pair, will be used to build the record 33ft-high model representing chromosome one of the human genome to be unveiled later this month.
Several studies have shown that a 32 base pair deletion in the gene for CCR5 may interfere with the progression of HIV.
Because technicians must participate in the reading, gel sequencing is relatively expensive, costing $1 or more per base pair.