basement


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base·ment

 (bās′mənt)
n.
1. The substructure or foundation of a building.
2. The lowest habitable story of a building, usually below ground level.
3. A complex of undifferentiated igneous and metamorphic rocks underlying sedimentary strata.
4. Slang The last place or lowest level, as in competitive standings.
5. Chiefly New England A public toilet, especially one in a school.

[Probably base + -ment (perhaps influenced by French soubassement, subfoundation).]

basement

(ˈbeɪsmənt)
n
1. (Architecture)
a. a partly or wholly underground storey of a building, esp the one immediately below the main floor. Compare cellar
b. (as modifier): a basement flat.
2. (Architecture) the foundation or substructure of a wall or building
3. (Geological Science) geology a part of the earth's crust formed of hard igneous or metamorphic rock that lies beneath the cover of soft sedimentary rock, sediment, and soil

base•ment

(ˈbeɪs mənt)

n.
1. a story of a building, partly or wholly underground.
2. (in classical and Renaissance architecture) the portion of a building beneath the principal story, treated as a single compositional unit.
3. the lowermost portion of a structure.
4. the undifferentiated assemblage of crystalline rock that underlies the sedimentary strata in any region.
[1720–30]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basement - the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground levelbasement - the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage
cellarage - a storage area in a cellar
storey, floor, story, level - a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale; "what level is the office on?"
2.basement - the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
support - supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation; "the statue stood on a marble support"

basement

noun cellar, crypt, lower ground floor (Brit.), vault, underground room They live in a basement in North London.
Translations
الدّور التَّحْتاني من البنايَهطَابِق تـَحْتَ الَأرْضِ في بناءٍ
suterén
kælderkælder-
kellari
podrum
alagsor
kjallari
地階
지하실
pusrūsisrūsys
puspagraba-puspagraba stāvspuspagrabs
suterénsuterénový
klet
källare
ห้องใต้ดิน
bodrumbodrum katı
tầng hầm

basement

[ˈbeɪsmənt]
A. Nsótano m
B. CPD basement flat (Brit) basement apartment (US) N(apartamento m or (LAm) departamento m de) sótano m

basement

[ˈbeɪsmənt]
n [house] → cave f
modif [room, club] → en sous-solbasement flat (British) nappartement m en sous-solbase metal n (= non-precious metal) → métal m de basebase rate n (FINANCE)taux m de base

basement

n
(in building) → Untergeschoss nt, → Untergeschoß nt (Aus), → Souterrain nt; (in house also) → Keller m, → Kellergeschoss nt, → Kellergeschoß nt (Aus); basement flat (Brit) or apartmentSouterrainwohnung f
(Archit, = foundations) → Fundament nt

basement

[ˈbeɪsmənt] n (of house) → seminterrato; (of shop) → scantinato

basement

(ˈbeismənt) noun
the lowest floor of a building, usually below ground level. She lives in a basement; (also adjective) a basement flat.

basement

طَابِق تـَحْتَ الَأرْضِ في بناءٍ suterén kælder Kellergeschoss υπόγειο sótano kellari sous-sol podrum seminterrato 地階 지하실 kelder kjeller suterena cave, porão подвал källare ห้องใต้ดิน bodrum tầng hầm 地下室
References in classic literature ?
On Friday last, we were startled by a violent shock in our basement, followed by cries of distress.
Every Thursday evening when the store had closed she went to a prayer meeting in the basement of the church and on Sunday evening attended a meeting of an organization called The Epworth League.
This basement was divided into a dining-room at the right of the stairs and a kitchen at the left.
It has already been observed, that, in the basement story of the gable fronting on the street, an unworthy ancestor, nearly a century ago, had fitted up a shop.
Now, for prudent, most wise, and economic reasons, the blacksmith's shop was in the basement of his dwelling, but with a separate entrance to it; so that always had the young and loving healthy wife listened with no unhappy nervousness, but with vigorous pleasure, to the stout ringing of her young-armed old husband's hammer; whose reverberations, muffled by passing through the floors and walls, came up to her, not unsweetly, in her nursery; and so, to stout Labor's iron lullaby, the blacksmith's infants were rocked to slumber.
It appeared that this house contained four rooms, besides a basement, and that it might be bought for fifteen hundred dollars, the lot and all.
The ruins of the old bath were there yet in the basement of the monastery, not a stone missing.
Both of us were able to look in by standing on the basement, and clinging to the ledge, and we saw - ah
Just as she stopped among the rambling stone passages on the basement story of the house, uncertain which way to turn next, she heard the tuneless old voice in the distance, singing these lines:
A tall man in a nightcap had caught up a bundle from among the feet of the horses, and had laid it on the basement of the fountain, and was down in the mud and wet, howling over it like a wild animal.
Crupp, and to remove the 'young gal' to the basement also, I abandoned myself to enjoyment.
The passage was a long one, and seemed to pervade the whole square basement of the Manor House.