bast fiber

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bast fiber

Any of various durable fibers found in the phloem of certain plants, especially flax, hemp, and jute, used in making rope and baskets.



1. phloem.
2. Also called bast fiber. any of several strong, woody fibers, as flax, hemp, ramie, or jute, obtained from phloem tissue and used in the manufacture of woven goods and cordage.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English bæst, c. Middle Dutch, Old High German, Old Norse bast]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bast fiber - strong woody fibers obtained especially from the phloem of from various plantsbast fiber - strong woody fibers obtained especially from the phloem of from various plants
natural fiber, natural fibre - fiber derived from plants or animals
References in periodicals archive ?
As with other bast fiber crops, hemp phloem fibers are arranged in bundles parallel to the stem axis, and are embedded in a pectic polysaccharide network.
Kenaf bast fiber bundle-reinforced unsaturated polyester composites IV: effect of fiber loadings and aspect ratios on composite tensile properties.
Under new leadership since 2011, Kenactiv has focused its bast fiber programs on meeting the rapidly increasing demand for nonwoven textiles--both loose fiber for laiding and as mats or "felts.
This process is usually microbial in nature, to loose and separate the bast fiber bundles from the non-fiber fractions of the flax stem (11).
After evaluating self-support and form retention, the inclusion of kenaf bast fiber was found to improve formability.
Patent 6767634) is said to open up bast fiber bundles ofkenaf, flax, or jute without breaking the fibers.
The opening chapter on Africa discuses the materials Africans used to cover themselves including, wool, silk, animal skin, bark cloth, bast fiber (from stems such as raffia palm), and cotton.
The AFT platform includes Activatl bast fiber products and feedstocks from kenaf, flax and/or jute, which are suited to all nonwoven manufacturing processes.
Mechanically retted short kenaf bast fiber bundle (KBFB)--reinforced unsaturated polyester (UPE) composites were fabricated.
Their topics include processing bast fiber plants for industrial applications, fiber-matrix adhesion in natural fiber composites, polyactic acid technology, lignin-bases polymer blends and biocomposite materials, and cellulose-based nanocomposites.
CPI is partial to the shive product: "While bast fiber provides a bit better tensile strength, shive has lower density," says CPI application design engineer Charles Weber.
In China, the textile industry covers cotton and chemical fiber spinning, printing & dyeing and finishing, wool spinning, printing & dyeing and finishing, bast fiber spinning, silk spinning and finishing, made up textile articles manufacture, knitted fabrics and products manufacture.