battery


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Bat·ter·y

also Bat·ter·y Park  (băt′ə-rē)
A park at the southern tip of Manhattan Island at the upper end of New York Bay in southeast New York. It is the site of early Dutch and English fortifications and of Castle Clinton, built in 1808 for the defense of the harbor.

bat·ter·y

 (băt′ə-rē)
n. pl. bat·ter·ies
1. Electricity A device containing an electric cell or a series of electric cells storing chemical energy that can be converted into electrical energy, usually in the form of direct current.
2.
a. The act of beating or pounding.
b. Law The unlawful and unwanted touching or striking of one person by another, with the intention of bringing about a harmful or offensive contact.
3.
a. An emplacement for one or more pieces of artillery.
b. A set of guns or other heavy artillery, as on a warship.
c. An army artillery unit, corresponding to a company in the infantry.
4.
a. An array of similar things intended for use together: took a battery of achievement tests.
b. An impressive body or group: a battery of political supporters.
5. Baseball A pitcher and catcher considered as a unit.
6. Music The percussion section of an orchestra.

[Middle English batri, forged metal ware, from Old French baterie, a beating, from batre, to batter; see batter1.]

battery

(ˈbætərɪ)
n, pl -teries
1. (Electronics)
a. two or more primary cells connected together, usually in series, to provide a source of electric current
b. short for dry battery
2. (General Physics) another name for accumulator1
3. a number of similar things occurring together: a battery of questions.
4. (Law) criminal law unlawful beating or wounding of a person or mere touching in a hostile or offensive manner. See also assault and battery
5. (Fortifications) a fortified structure on which artillery is mounted
6. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a group of guns, missile launchers, searchlights, or torpedo tubes of similar type or size operated as a single entity
7. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a small tactical unit of artillery usually consisting of two or more troops, each of two, three, or four guns
8. (Breeds) chiefly
a. a large group of cages for intensive rearing of poultry
b. (as modifier): battery hens.
9. (Psychology) psychol a series of tests
10. (Chess & Draughts) chess two pieces of the same colour placed so that moving one can unmask an attack by the other
11. (Classical Music) the percussion section in an orchestra
12. (Baseball) baseball the pitcher and the catcher considered together
[C16: from Old French batterie beating, from battre to beat, from Latin battuere]

bat•ter•y

(ˈbæt ə ri)

n., pl. -ter•ies.
1.
a. a combination of two or more cells connected to produce electric energy.
2.
a. two or more pieces of artillery used for combined action.
b. a tactical unit of artillery, usu. comprising six guns and the personnel and equipment to operate them.
3.
a. (on a warship) a group of guns having the same caliber or used for the same purpose.
b. the whole armament of a warship.
4. any group or series of similar or related things, esp. things used for a common purpose: a battery of tests.
5. Law. an unlawful attack upon another person, esp. by beating or wounding.
6. a baseball pitcher and catcher considered as a unit.
7. the act of beating or battering.
8. an instrument used in battering.
[1525–35; < Middle French batterie, derivative of battre to beat]
click for a larger image
battery
Electrons flow from the zinc casing through the light bulb to the carbon rod, making the bulb glow. The zinc casing acts as a negative electrode, and the carbon rod acts as a positive electrode.

bat·ter·y

(băt′ə-rē)
A device containing an electric cell or a series of electric cells that supplies a direct current by converting chemical, thermal, nuclear, or solar energy into electric energy. Common household batteries, such as those used in a flashlight, are usually made of dry cells (the chemicals producing the current are made into a paste). In other batteries, such as car batteries, these chemicals are in liquid form.
Did You Know? Where do batteries get the power to make things work? From chemical reactions that go on inside them. The substances inside a battery are arranged in such a way that when they react with each other they pull electrons away from the battery's positive terminal and push them toward the negative terminal. If the battery is not connected to anything, the reaction doesn't go on very long; the electrons gathered at the negative terminal repel any additional ones that further reactions would carry there. But if you connect the two terminals with a wire, electrons will flow along the wire from negative to positive. On the way, they give up some of their energy to power whatever device you've connected—a light bulb or CD player, for instance. Eventually, the chemical reactions inside the battery change the nature of the positive and negative terminals and of the chemicals between them, making them unable to generate power. In rechargeable batteries, you can restore the power-generating capacity of the terminals and the chemicals by running electrical current through the battery backwards.

battery

1. Tactical and administrative artillery unit or subunit corresponding to a company or similar unit in other branches of the Army.
2. All guns, torpedo tubes, searchlights, or missile launchers of the same size or caliber or used for the same purpose, either installed in one ship or otherwise operating as an entity.

battery

an intentional act that, directly or indirectly, causes harmful contact with another’s person.
See also: Law

Battery

 a number of similar machines or devices arranged in a group; a succession of blows or drum beats; a number of hens housed together to encourage the laying of eggs. See also bank, bench.
Examples: battery of boilers; condensers; of drum beats; of dynamos; of electric lights; of guns [gun emplacement]; of hens, 1879; of kitchen untensils, 1819; of prisms or lens; of Leyden jars; of lights; of looks, 1823; of three mortars, 1688; searchlight battery.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.battery - group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one placebattery - group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
artillery unit, artillery - an army unit that uses big guns
2.battery - a device that produces electricitybattery - a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series
A battery - the battery used to heat the filaments of a vacuum tube
B battery - battery for supplying a constant positive voltage to the plate of a vacuum tube
C battery - battery used to maintain the grid potential in a vacuum tube
electrical device - a device that produces or is powered by electricity
electrode - a conductor used to make electrical contact with some part of a circuit
terminal, pole - a contact on an electrical device (such as a battery) at which electric current enters or leaves
galvanic battery, voltaic battery - battery consisting of a number of voltaic cells arranged in series or parallel
galvanic pile, voltaic pile, pile - battery consisting of voltaic cells arranged in series; the earliest electric battery devised by Volta
3.battery - a collection of related things intended for use togetherbattery - a collection of related things intended for use together; "took a battery of achievement tests"
sub-test - one of a battery of related tests
artillery, heavy weapon, ordnance, gun - large but transportable armament
aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblage - several things grouped together or considered as a whole
4.battery - a unit composed of the pitcher and catcherbattery - a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher
baseball team - a team that plays baseball
team, squad - a cooperative unit (especially in sports)
5.battery - a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores
pestle, stamp - machine consisting of a heavy bar that moves vertically for pounding or crushing ores
stamp mill, stamping mill - a mill in which ore is crushed with stamps
6.battery - the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific targetbattery - the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target; "they laid down a barrage in front of the advancing troops"; "the shelling went on for hours without pausing"
firing, fire - the act of firing weapons or artillery at an enemy; "hold your fire until you can see the whites of their eyes"; "they retreated in the face of withering enemy fire"
7.battery - an assault in which the assailant makes physical contactbattery - an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact
assault - a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped
resisting arrest - physical efforts to oppose a lawful arrest; the resistance is classified as assault and battery upon the person of the police officer attempting to make the arrest

battery

noun
1. power unit The shavers come complete with batteries.
2. artillery, ordnance, gunnery, gun emplacement, cannonry They stopped beside a battery of abandoned guns.
3. range, lot, collection, variety, selection, array, assortment, gamut Crack is part of a battery of drugs used by addicts.
4. series, set, course, chain, string, sequence, suite, succession We give a battery of tests to each patient.
5. (Criminal law) beating, attack, assault, aggression, thumping, onslaught, physical violence He has served three years for assault and battery.
Translations
أقْفاص الدَّجاج البائِضبَطَّارِيَّةحاشِدةٌ كَهْرَبائِيّه: بَطاريّهسَرِيّ' مَدْفَعِيَّهوابِلٌ من الأسئِلَه
bateriebaterkafyzické napadeníposadařada
batteriburrækkelang række
باتری
akkupahoinpitely
baterija
akkumulátorbaromfitelepelemtüzérségi üteg
hænsnabúrrafgeymirröî, samstæîastórskotaliîsfylki
電池
전지
baterijanarvelynasserija
akumulatorsbaterijasērijavirkne
batériadelostrelecká batérialiaheň
baterijaakumulator
batteri
แบตเตอรี่
piluzun diziakübataryakafes kümesi
pin

battery

[ˈbætərɪ]
A. N
1. (Elec) (dry) → pila f; (wet) → batería f
2. (Mil) → batería f
3. (= series) [of tests] → serie f; [of lights] → batería f, equipo m; [of questions] → descarga f, sarta f
4. (Agr) → batería f
5. (Jur) → violencia f, agresión f
B. CPD battery charger N (Elec) → cargador m de baterías
battery farm N (Brit) → granja f (avícola) de cría intensiva
battery farming N (Brit) → cría f (avícola) intensiva
battery fire N (Mil) → fuego m de batería
battery hen N (Brit) → gallina f de criadero
battery set N (Rad) → radio f de pilas, transistor m

battery

[ˈbætəri] n
(electrical) [torch, electrical appliance] → pile f; [car] → batterie f
(= array) → batterie f
a battery of tests → une batterie de testsbattery charger n (for car battery)chargeur m de batterie; (for appliance battery)chargeur m de pilesbattery farm nélevage m en batteriebattery farming nélevage m en batteriebattery hen npoulet m de batteriebattery-operated [ˌbætəriˈɒpəreɪtɪd] battery-powered [ˌbætəriˈpaʊɛ rd] adjà piles, à pile

battery

n (all senses) → Batterie f; (fig, of arguments etc) → Reihe f ? assault

battery

:
battery acid
battery charger
nLadegerät nt
battery compartment
nBatteriefach nt
battery farm
nLegebatterie f
battery farming
nMassentierhaltung; (of chickens) → Legebatterien pl
battery fire
n (Mil) → Geschützfeuer nt
battery hen
n (Agr) → Batteriehuhn nt
battery meter
n (Comput etc) → Energieanzeige f
battery-powered
battery set
n (= radio)Batteriegerät nt

battery

[ˈbætərɪ] n (Elec) → pila (Aut, Mil) → batteria; (large number, of lights, tests) → batteria; (of questions) → pioggia, raffica

battery

(ˈbӕtəri) plural ˈbatteries noun
1. a series of two or more electric cells arranged to produce, or store, a current. a torch battery.
2. an arrangement of cages in which laying hens etc are kept.
3. a group of large guns (and the people manning them).
4. a long series. a battery of questions.

battery

بَطَّارِيَّة baterie batteri Batterie μπαταρία pila akku batterie baterija batteria 電池 전지 batterij batteri bateria bateria батарея batteri แบตเตอรี่ pil pin 电池
References in classic literature ?
Laurence marched to and fro in the parlor, feeling that he would rather face a rebel battery than Mrs.
Two little spotless flags were abroad, the one on a salient angle of the fort, and the other on the advanced battery of the besiegers; emblems of the truth which existed, not only to the acts, but it would seem, also, to the enmity of the combatants.
Still came the battery of flowers, almost invariably hitting the mark, and covering the mother's breast with hurts for which she could find no balm in this world, nor knew how to seek it in another.
Its extreme down-town is the battery, where that noble mole is washed by waves, and cooled by breezes, which a few hours previous were out of sight of land.
Then he stood before the sergeant's desk and gave his name and address, and saw a charge of assault and battery entered against him.
We ran that whole battery of nine blasts in a row, and it was certainly one of the most exciting and uncomfortable weeks I ever spent, either aship or ashore.
Why, Tom had him up before Judge Robinson for assault and battery.
It might have seemed to him a waste of pomp and ammunition to kill a bug with a battery of artillery, but there seemed nothing incon- gruous about the getting up such an expensive thunder- storm as this to knock the turf from under an insect like himself.
Before Miss Garth's battery of reproof could open fire, before the first outburst of Mr.
My poor dear mother, I suppose, had some momentary intention of committing an assault and battery upon my aunt, who could easily have settled her with one hand, even if my mother had been in far better training for such an encounter than she was that evening.
You bring the lot to me, at that old Battery over yonder.
We have been watching the storm, and there is some one knocking at the--" A tremendous battery with the knocker, followed by a sound, confused by the gale, as of a man shouting, interrupted her.