beam


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beam

 (bēm)
n.
1. A squared-off log or a large, oblong piece of timber, metal, or stone used especially as a horizontal support in construction.
2. Nautical
a. A transverse structural member of a ship's frame, used to support a deck and to brace the sides against stress.
b. The breadth of a ship at the widest point.
c. The side of a ship: sighted land off the starboard beam.
3. Informal The widest part of a person's hips: broad in the beam.
4. A steel tube or wooden roller on which the warp is wound in a loom.
5. An oscillating lever connected to an engine piston rod and used to transmit power to the crankshaft.
6.
a. The bar of a balance from which weighing pans are suspended.
b. Sports A balance beam.
7. The main horizontal bar on a plow to which the share, colter, and handles are attached.
8. One of the main stems of a deer's antlers.
9.
a. A ray or shaft of light.
b. A concentrated stream of particles or a similar propagation of waves: a beam of protons; a beam of light.
10. A radio beam.
v. beamed, beam·ing, beams
v.intr.
1. To radiate light; shine.
2. To smile expansively.
v.tr.
1. To emit or transmit: beam a message via satellite.
2. To express by means of a radiant smile: He beamed his approval of the new idea.
Idiom:
on the beam
1. Following a radio beam. Used of aircraft.
2. On the right track; operating correctly.

[Middle English bem, from Old English bēam; see bheuə- in Indo-European roots.]

beam

(biːm)
n
1. (Building) a long thick straight-sided piece of wood, metal, concrete, etc, esp one used as a horizontal structural member
2. (General Engineering) any rigid member or structure that is loaded transversely
3. (Nautical Terms) the breadth of a ship or boat taken at its widest part, usually amidships
4. a ray or column of light, as from a beacon
5. a broad smile
6. (Crafts) one of the two cylindrical rollers on a loom, one of which holds the warp threads before weaving, the other the finished work
7. (Zoology) the main stem of a deer's antler from which the smaller branches grow
8. (Agriculture) the central shaft of a plough to which all the main parts are attached
9. (General Physics) a narrow unidirectional flow of electromagnetic radiation or particles: a beam of light; an electron beam.
10. (General Physics) the horizontal centrally pivoted bar in a balance
11. (Anatomy) informal the width of the hips (esp in the phrase broad in the beam)
12. a beam in one's eye a fault or grave error greater in oneself than in another person
13. (Navigation) not following a radio beam to maintain a course
14. informal wrong, mistaken, or irrelevant
15. (Navigation) following a radio beam to maintain a course
16. (Nautical Terms) nautical opposite the beam of a vessel; abeam
17. informal correct, relevant, or appropriate
vb
18. to send out or radiate (rays of light)
19. (Broadcasting) (tr) to divert or aim (a radio signal or broadcast, light, etc) in a certain direction: to beam a programme to Tokyo.
20. (Computer Science) to pass (data, esp business card details, etc) from one hand-held computer to another by means of infrared beams
21. (intr) to smile broadly with pleasure or satisfaction
[Old English beam; related to Gothic bagms tree, Old High German boum tree]
beamed adj
ˈbeaming adj, n
ˈbeamless adj
ˈbeamˌlike adj
ˈbeamy adj

beam

(bim)
n.
1. any of various relatively long pieces of metal, wood, etc., used esp. as rigid members or parts of structures or machines.
2. a horizontal bearing member, as a joist or lintel, or a transverse supporting structural member on a ship.
3. the extreme width of a ship.
4. Slang. the measure across both hips or buttocks.
5.
a. (in a loom) a roller or cylinder on which the warp is wound before weaving.
b. a similar cylinder on which cloth is wound as it is woven.
6. the crossbar of a balance from which the scales or pans are suspended.
7. a ray or stream of light or other radiation, as gamma rays, electrons, or subatomic particles.
8. a group of nearly parallel rays.
9. a radio signal transmitted along a narrow course, used to guide pilots.
10. a radiant smile.
11. the principal stem of the antler of a deer.
v.t.
12. to emit in or as if in beams or rays.
13. to transmit (a radio or television signal) in a particular direction.
14. to direct (a radio or television program, commercial message, etc.) to a predetermined audience.
v.i.
15. to emit beams, as of light.
16. to smile radiantly or happily.
Idioms:
on the beam,
a. on the course indicated by a radio beam.
b. Informal. correct; exact.
[before 900; Middle English beem, Old English bēam tree, post, ray of light, c. Old Frisian bām, Old High German boum, Old Norse bathmr]

Beam

 a ray or collection of parallel rays.
Examples: beam of comfort, 1742; of glory; of heat, 1860; of light rays; of sunlight; of truth, 1674.

beam


Past participle: beamed
Gerund: beaming

Imperative
beam
beam
Present
I beam
you beam
he/she/it beams
we beam
you beam
they beam
Preterite
I beamed
you beamed
he/she/it beamed
we beamed
you beamed
they beamed
Present Continuous
I am beaming
you are beaming
he/she/it is beaming
we are beaming
you are beaming
they are beaming
Present Perfect
I have beamed
you have beamed
he/she/it has beamed
we have beamed
you have beamed
they have beamed
Past Continuous
I was beaming
you were beaming
he/she/it was beaming
we were beaming
you were beaming
they were beaming
Past Perfect
I had beamed
you had beamed
he/she/it had beamed
we had beamed
you had beamed
they had beamed
Future
I will beam
you will beam
he/she/it will beam
we will beam
you will beam
they will beam
Future Perfect
I will have beamed
you will have beamed
he/she/it will have beamed
we will have beamed
you will have beamed
they will have beamed
Future Continuous
I will be beaming
you will be beaming
he/she/it will be beaming
we will be beaming
you will be beaming
they will be beaming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been beaming
you have been beaming
he/she/it has been beaming
we have been beaming
you have been beaming
they have been beaming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been beaming
you will have been beaming
he/she/it will have been beaming
we will have been beaming
you will have been beaming
they will have been beaming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been beaming
you had been beaming
he/she/it had been beaming
we had been beaming
you had been beaming
they had been beaming
Conditional
I would beam
you would beam
he/she/it would beam
we would beam
you would beam
they would beam
Past Conditional
I would have beamed
you would have beamed
he/she/it would have beamed
we would have beamed
you would have beamed
they would have beamed

Beam

The beam is attached to the bottom of a Walking turning plow, extends to the front, and is terminated with a Plow clevis, to which an Evener or Doubletree can be attached. The beam may be of either wood or steel, depending on when the plow was manufactured, or in some cases, on the intended kind of soil to be plowed. In the horse-drawn era, if the plow was likely to catch on rocks or stumps and there were enough horses pulling it to bend a steel beam, it was often preferable to have a breakable and more cheaply replaced wooden beam.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beam - a signal transmitted along a narrow pathbeam - a signal transmitted along a narrow path; guides airplane pilots in darkness or bad weather
signal, signaling, sign - any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message; "signals from the boat suddenly stopped"
2.beam - long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in constructionbeam - long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction
box beam, box girder - a beam built up from boards; has a hollow rectangular cross section
cantilever - projecting horizontal beam fixed at one end only
girder - a beam made usually of steel; a main support in a structure
header - a framing member crossing and supporting the ends of joists, studs, or rafters so as to transfer their weight to parallel joists, studs, or rafters
lintel, header - horizontal beam used as a finishing piece over a door or window
joist - beam used to support floors or roofs
keel - one of the main longitudinal beams (or plates) of the hull of a vessel; can extend vertically into the water to provide lateral stability
keelson - a longitudinal beam connected to the keel of ship to strengthen it
piece - a separate part of a whole; "an important piece of the evidence"
rafter, balk, baulk - one of several parallel sloping beams that support a roof
rider plate - a horizontal beam (or plate) connected to the top of a ship's vertical keel or to the keelson
ridgepole, rooftree, ridge - a beam laid along the edge where two sloping sides of a roof meet at the top; provides an attachment for the upper ends of rafters
shoring, shore - a beam or timber that is propped against a structure to provide support
structural member - support that is a constituent part of any structure or building
tie beam, tie - a horizontal beam used to prevent two other structural members from spreading apart or separating; "he nailed the rafters together with a tie beam"
timber - a beam made of wood
crossbeam, crosspiece, trave, traverse - a horizontal beam that extends across something
wood - the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
3.beam - a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation
cathode ray - a beam of electrons emitted by the cathode of an electrical discharge tube
electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic wave, nonparticulate radiation - radiation consisting of waves of energy associated with electric and magnetic fields resulting from the acceleration of an electric charge
particle beam - a collimated flow of particles (atoms or electrons or molecules)
4.beam - a column of light (as from a beacon)beam - a column of light (as from a beacon)
heat ray - a ray that produces a thermal effect
high beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides distant illumination
light, visible light, visible radiation - (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; "the light was filtered through a soft glass window"
moon ray, moonbeam, moon-ray - a ray of moonlight
sunbeam, sunray - a ray of sunlight
laser beam - a beam of light generated by a laser
low beam - the beam of a car's headlights that provides illumination for a short distance
5.beam - (nautical) breadth amidshipsbeam - (nautical) breadth amidships  
ship - a vessel that carries passengers or freight
width, breadth - the extent of something from side to side
6.beam - the broad side of a shipbeam - the broad side of a ship; "they sighted land on the port beam"
side - an extended outer surface of an object; "he turned the box over to examine the bottom side"; "they painted all four sides of the house"
7.beam - a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnastsbeam - a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnasts
exerciser, gymnastic apparatus - sports equipment used in gymnastic exercises
Verb1.beam - smile radiantlybeam - smile radiantly; express joy through one's facial expression
smile - change one's facial expression by spreading the lips, often to signal pleasure
2.beam - emit lightbeam - emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light; "The sun shone bright that day"; "The fire beamed on their faces"
beat down - shine hard; "The sun beat down on the hikers"
beacon - shine like a beacon
glare - shine intensely; "The sun glared down on us"
flame, flare - shine with a sudden light; "The night sky flared with the massive bombardment"
outshine - shine brighter than; "What star outshines the sun?"
shimmer - shine with a weak or fitful light; "Beech leaves shimmered in the moonlight"
flicker, flick - shine unsteadily; "The candle flickered"
blaze - shine brightly and intensively; "Meteors blazed across the atmosphere"
winkle, twinkle, scintillate - emit or reflect light in a flickering manner; "Does a constellation twinkle more brightly than a single star?"
burn, glow - shine intensely, as if with heat; "The coals were glowing in the dark"; "The candles were burning"
3.beam - express with a beaming face or smilebeam - express with a beaming face or smile; "he beamed his approval"
evince, express, show - give expression to; "She showed her disappointment"
4.beam - broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or televisionbeam - broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; "We cannot air this X-rated song"
broadcast medium, broadcasting - a medium that disseminates via telecommunications
publicize, bare, publicise, air - make public; "She aired her opinions on welfare"
satellite - broadcast or disseminate via satellite
sportscast - broadcast a sports event
telecast, televise - broadcast via television; "The Royal wedding was televised"
interrogate - transmit (a signal) for setting off an appropriate response, as in telecommunication
rebroadcast, rerun - broadcast again, as of a film
5.beam - have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pinkbeam - have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink; "Her face glowed when she came out of the sauna"
appear, seem, look - give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect; "She seems to be sleeping"; "This appears to be a very difficult problem"; "This project looks fishy"; "They appeared like people who had not eaten or slept for a long time"
6.beam - experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotionbeam - experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion; "She was beaming with joy"; "Her face radiated with happiness"
feel, experience - undergo an emotional sensation or be in a particular state of mind; "She felt resentful"; "He felt regret"

beam

verb
1. smile, grin, be all smiles She beamed at her friend with undisguised admiration.
2. transmit, show, air, broadcast, cable, send out, relay, televise, radio, emit, put on the air The interview was beamed live across America.
3. radiate, flash, shine, glow, glitter, glare, gleam, emit light, give off light A sharp white spotlight beamed down on a small stage.
noun
2. rafter, support, timber, spar, plank, girder, joist The ceilings are supported by oak beams.
3. smile, grin She knew he had news, because of the beam on his face.

beam

noun
1. A large, oblong piece of wood or other material, used especially for construction:
2. A series of particles or waves traveling close together in parallel paths:
verb
1. To emit a bright light:
2. To curve the lips upward in expressing amusement, pleasure, or happiness:
Idioms: break into a smile, crack a smile.
Translations
شُعاعشُعَاععارِضَةٌ خَشَبِيَّهعَرضُ السَّفينـهيُرْسِلُ أشِعَّة
paprsekšířkatrámvysílatzářit
stråletransmitterebjælkedæksbjælkesende
sädetyvivalinvarsiaisa
zraka
gerendalegnagyobb hajószélesség
geisliljóma brosabjálki, bitibreiîasti hluti skipsgeisla; senda út, útvarpa
笑顔
환한 미소
laivo plotisnušvistisijaskleistispindulys
baļķisbimssraidītsijasmaidīt
grindă
trám
tramžarek
bjälke
ลำแสง
geminin eni/genişliğigöndermekışık hüzmesiışınkiriş
tia

beam

[biːm]
A. N
1. (Archit) → viga f, travesaño m; [of plough] → timón m; [of balance] → astil m (Mech) → balancín m
2. (Naut) (= timber) → bao m; (= width) → manga f
see also broad A1
3. [of light, laser] → rayo m; (from beacon, lamp) → haz m de luz; (from radio beacon) → haz m de radiofaro
to drive on full or main beamconducir con luz de carretera or con luces largas
to be on the beamseguir el buen camino
to be (way) off beam (Brit) → andar (totalmente) descaminado
4. (= smile) → sonrisa f radiante
with a beam of pleasurecon una sonrisa de placer
5. (Sport) → barra f fija
B. VT
1. (= transmit) [+ signal] → emitir
2. (= smile) she beamed her thanks at meme lanzó una mirada de agradecimiento
C. VI
1. (= shine) → brillar
2. (= smile) → sonreír satisfecho
beaming with prideradiante de orgullo
D. CPD beam lights NPL (Aut) → luces fpl largas
beam down (Science Fiction)
A. VT + ADVteletransportar
B. VI + ADVteletransportarse
beam up (Science Fiction)
A. VT + ADVteletransportar
B. VI + ADVteletransportarse

beam

[ˈbiːm]
n
(wooden)poutre f
[light, laser] → rayon m
a beam of light → un rayon de lumière
to drive on full beam (British) to drive on high beam (mainly US)rouler en pleins phares
(RADIO)faisceau m radio
vi
(= smile) [person] → rayonner
to beam at sb → sourire radieusement à qn
(= shine) [light] → rayonner
vt [+ broadcast] → diffuser
to beam sth to China → diffuser qch en Chine
beam down on
vt fuséclairer

beam

n
(Build, of scales) → Balken m
(of light etc)Strahl m; to drive on full or high beammit Fernlicht fahren; to be on full or high beamdas Fernlicht eingeschaltet haben
(= radio beam)Leitstrahl m; to be on/off beamauf Kurs sein/vom Kurs abgekommen sein; (fig inf) (person)richtigliegen (inf)/danebenliegen (inf); (figures)stimmen/nicht stimmen; you’re/your guess is way off beam (fig inf)Sie haben total danebengehauen (inf)/danebengeraten
(= smile)Strahlen nt; a beam of delightein freudiges Strahlen
(Naut, = side) → Seite f; (= width)Breite f; on the beamquerschiffs; on the port beambackbords; the beam of a shipdie Schiffsbreite; to be broad in the beam (ship)sehr breit sein; (person)breit gebaut sein
vi
(light)strahlen; to beam down (sun)niederstrahlen
(fig, person, face) → strahlen; she was beaming with joysie strahlte übers ganze Gesicht
vt (Rad, TV) → ausstrahlen, senden (→ to in, an +acc)

beam

[biːm]
1. n
a. (Archit) → trave f
b. (Naut) → baglio
c. (of light, sunlight) → raggio; (of torch) → fascio (di luce) (Radio) → fascio (d'onde)
to drive with headlights on full or (Am) high beam → guidare con gli abbaglianti accesi
d. (smile) → sorriso raggiante
2. vt (Radio) → trasmettere con antenna direzionale
3. vi (smile) → sorridere radiosamente
to beam at sb → fare un largo sorriso a qn

beam

(biːm) noun
1. a long straight piece of wood, often used in ceilings.
2. a ray of light etc. a beam of sunlight.
3. the greatest width of a ship or boat.
verb
1. to smile broadly. She beamed with delight.
2. to send out (rays of light, radio waves etc). This transmitter beams radio waves all over the country.

beam

شُعَاع paprsek stråle Strahl δέσμη rayo säde rayon zraka raggio 笑顔 환한 미소 straal stråle promienny uśmiech feixe, feixe de luz пучок bjälke ลำแสง ışın tia 光束

beam

n (of light, X-rays, etc.) haz m
References in classic literature ?
Amy's face was a study when she saw her sister skim into the next drawing room, kiss all the young ladies with effusion, beam graciously upon the young gentlemen, and join in the chat with a spirit which amazed the beholder.
It was a low-studded room, with a beam across the ceiling, panelled with dark wood, and having a large chimney-piece, set round with pictured tiles, but now closed by an iron fire-board, through which ran the funnel of a modern stove.
Thus the night fled away, as if it were a winged steed, and he careering on it; morning came, and peeped, blushing, through the curtains; and at last sunrise threw a golden beam into the study, and laid it right across the minister's bedazzled eyes.
They ran along upon a rafter, peering down through the damp and the steam; and as old Durham's architects had not built the killing room for the convenience of the hoisters, at every few feet they would have to stoop under a beam, say four feet above the one they ran on; which got them into the habit of stooping, so that in a few years they would be walking like chimpanzees.
I got up on a pretty high rock, and got a good start, and went swooping down, aiming for a bush a little over three hundred yards off; but I couldn't seem to calculate for the wind, which was about two points abaft my beam.
At times I would rise up, a flash of energetic freedom would dart through my soul, accompanied with a faint beam of hope, that flickered for a moment, and then vanished.
Thy ready wit the word will soon supply, May its approval beam in that soft eye!
I can now conjecture readily that this streak of light was, in all likelihood, a gleam from a lantern carried by some one across the lawn: but then, prepared as my mind was for horror, shaken as my nerves were by agitation, I thought the swift darting beam was a herald of some coming vision from another world.
Pumblechook had begun to beam under the genial influence of gin-and-water.
It was that rich afternoon sunlight that loves to flash into teacups as though they were crocuses, that loves to run a golden finger along the beautiful wrinkles of old faces and light up the noble hollows of age-worn eyes; the sunlight that loves to fall with transfiguring beam on the once dear book we never read, or, with malicious inquisitiveness, expose to undreamed- of detection the undusted picture, or the gold- dusted legs of remote chairs, which the poor housemaid has forgotten.
Well have ye judg'd, well ended long debate, Synod of Gods, and like to what ye are, Great things resolv'd; which from the lowest deep Will once more lift us up, in spight of Fate, Neerer our ancient Seat; perhaps in view Of those bright confines, whence with neighbouring Arms And opportune excursion we may chance Re-enter Heav'n; or else in some milde Zone Dwell not unvisited of Heav'ns fair Light Secure, and at the brightning Orient beam Purge off this gloom; the soft delicious Air, To heal the scarr of these corrosive Fires Shall breath her balme.
A short passage, and an ascent of seven steps, each of which was composed of a solid beam of oak, led him to the apartment of the Lady Rowena, the rude magnificence of which corresponded to the respect which was paid to her by the lord of the mansion.