beef


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Related to beef: beef stew, beef Stroganoff

beef

 (bēf)
n. pl. beeves (bēvz) or beef
1.
a. A full-grown steer, bull, ox, or cow, especially one intended for use as meat.
b. The flesh of a slaughtered full-grown steer, bull, ox, or cow.
2. Informal Human muscle; brawn.
3. pl. beefs Slang A complaint.
intr.v. beefed, beef·ing, beefs Slang
To complain.
Phrasal Verb:
beef up Informal
To make or become greater or stronger: beef up the defense budget.

[Middle English, from Old French buef, from Latin bōs, bov-; see gwou- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: As has often been remarked, the great social disparities of medieval European society are revealed by the Modern English words for different sorts of meat. In medieval England, meats like beef, pork, veal, and mutton were presumably more often eaten by the educated and wealthy classes—most of whom could speak French or at least admired French culture—and the Modern English terms for these meats are uniformly of French origin. (The French sources of the English words are now spelled bœuf, porc, veau, and mouton, and the French words can refer both to the animal and to the meat it provides.) The English-speaking peasants who actually raised the animals—and who presumably subsisted on mostly vegetarian fare—continued to use the original Germanic words ox, swine, calf, and sheep when talking in the barnyard, and so the animals themselves have kept their native names to this day. One such Germanic word is actually related etymologically to its French counterpart. Cow comes from Old English cū, which is descended from the Indo-European root *gwou-, "cow." This root has descendants in most of the branches of the Indo-European language family. Among those descendants is the Latin word bōs, "cow," whose stem form, bov-, eventually became the Old French word buef, the source of English beef.

beef

(biːf)
npl beeves (biːvz) pl beefs
1. (Cookery) the flesh of various bovine animals, esp the cow, when killed for eating
2. (Breeds) an adult ox, bull, cow, etc, reared for its meat
3. informal human flesh, esp when muscular
4. a complaint
vb
5. (intr) slang to complain, esp repeatedly: he was beefing about his tax.
6. informal (often foll by: up) to strengthen; reinforce
[C13: from Old French boef, from Latin bōs ox; see cow1]

beef

(bif)

n., pl. beeves (bēvz) for 2; beefs for 4, n.
1. the flesh of a cow, steer, or bull raised and killed for its meat.
2. an adult cow, steer, or bull raised for its meat.
3. Informal.
a. brawn; muscular strength.
b. human flesh.
4. Slang. a complaint.
v.i.
5. Slang. to complain; grumble.
6. beef up, to add strength, numbers, force, etc., to.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French beof, Old French boef < Latin bovem, acc. of bōs ox, cow; akin to cow 1]

beef


Past participle: beefed
Gerund: beefing

Imperative
beef
beef
Present
I beef
you beef
he/she/it beefs
we beef
you beef
they beef
Preterite
I beefed
you beefed
he/she/it beefed
we beefed
you beefed
they beefed
Present Continuous
I am beefing
you are beefing
he/she/it is beefing
we are beefing
you are beefing
they are beefing
Present Perfect
I have beefed
you have beefed
he/she/it has beefed
we have beefed
you have beefed
they have beefed
Past Continuous
I was beefing
you were beefing
he/she/it was beefing
we were beefing
you were beefing
they were beefing
Past Perfect
I had beefed
you had beefed
he/she/it had beefed
we had beefed
you had beefed
they had beefed
Future
I will beef
you will beef
he/she/it will beef
we will beef
you will beef
they will beef
Future Perfect
I will have beefed
you will have beefed
he/she/it will have beefed
we will have beefed
you will have beefed
they will have beefed
Future Continuous
I will be beefing
you will be beefing
he/she/it will be beefing
we will be beefing
you will be beefing
they will be beefing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been beefing
you have been beefing
he/she/it has been beefing
we have been beefing
you have been beefing
they have been beefing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been beefing
you will have been beefing
he/she/it will have been beefing
we will have been beefing
you will have been beefing
they will have been beefing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been beefing
you had been beefing
he/she/it had been beefing
we had been beefing
you had been beefing
they had been beefing
Conditional
I would beef
you would beef
he/she/it would beef
we would beef
you would beef
they would beef
Past Conditional
I would have beefed
you would have beefed
he/she/it would have beefed
we would have beefed
you would have beefed
they would have beefed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beef - cattle that are reared for their meatbeef - cattle that are reared for their meat
Bos taurus, cattle, cows, kine, oxen - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age; "so many head of cattle"; "wait till the cows come home"; "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible; "a team of oxen"
longhorn, Texas longhorn - long-horned beef cattle formerly common in southwestern United States
Santa Gertrudis - Brahman and shorthorn crossbreed of red cattle; hardy in hot regions
Aberdeen Angus, black Angus, Angus - black hornless breed from Scotland
Charolais - large white or cream-colored breed from France
shorthorn, Durham - English breed of short-horned cattle
Galloway - breed of hardy black chiefly beef cattle native to Scotland
Hereford, whiteface - hardy English breed of dairy cattle raised extensively in United States
beefalo, cattalo - hardy breed of cattle resulting from crossing domestic cattle with the American buffalo; yields leaner beef than conventional breeds
2.beef - meat from an adult domestic bovinebeef - meat from an adult domestic bovine  
Bos taurus, cattle, cows, kine, oxen - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age; "so many head of cattle"; "wait till the cows come home"; "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible; "a team of oxen"
meat - the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food
cut of beef - cut of meat from beef cattle
beef loin - cut of meat from a loin of beef
ground beef, hamburger - beef that has been ground
bully beef, corn beef, corned beef - beef cured or pickled in brine
pastrami - highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
3.beef - informal terms for objectingbeef - informal terms for objecting; "I have a gripe about the service here"
objection - the speech act of objecting
Verb1.beef - complainbeef - complain; "What was he hollering about?"
kvetch, plain, quetch, complain, sound off, kick - express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; "My mother complains all day"; "She has a lot to kick about"

beef

(Slang)
noun
1. complaint, dispute, grievance, problem, grumble, criticism, objection, dissatisfaction, annoyance, grouse, gripe (informal), protestation, grouch (informal), remonstrance I really don't have a beef with Wayne.
verb
1. complain, carp, fuss, moan, bitch (slang), groan, grieve, lament, grumble, whine, growl, deplore, grouse, gripe (informal), bemoan, whinge (informal), bleat, find fault, bewail, kick up a fuss (informal), grouch (informal), bellyache (slang), kvetch (U.S. slang) She was beefing about what he had done.
beef something up strengthen, increase, build up, enhance, reinforce, intensify, heighten, bolster, augment, give a boost to a campaign to beef up security

beef

noun
1. Informal. Solid and well-developed muscles:
2. Slang. An expression of dissatisfaction or a circumstance regarded as a cause for such expression:
Informal: gripe, grouse.
Slang: kick.
Idiom: bone to pick.
verb
Slang. To express negative feelings, especially of dissatisfaction or resentment:
Informal: crab, gripe, grouse, kick.
Slang: bellyache, bitch.
phrasal verb
beef up
Translations
لـَحْم البَقَرلَحْم بَقَر
hovězí
oksekød
naudanliha
govedina
marhahús
nautakjöt
牛肉
쇠고기
jautienajautienoskaip jautienosraumeningas
liellopu gaļa
hovädzina
govedina
oxkött
เนื้อวัว
thịt bò

beef

[biːf]
A. N
1. (Culin) → carne f de vaca or (LAm) de res
roast beefrosbif m, carne f asada (LAm)
2. (= brawn) → músculos mpl
3. (esp US) (= complaint) → queja f
B. VI (= complain) → quejarse (about de)
C. CPD beef cattle Nganado m vacuno
beef olive N picadillo envuelto en una lonja de carne y cocinado en salsa
beef sausage Nsalchicha f de carne de vaca
beef tea Ncaldo m de carne (para enfermos)
beef up VT + ADV [+ essay, speech] → reforzar, fortalecer

beef

[ˈbiːf] n
(= meat) → bœuf m
roast beef → rosbif mrôti m de bœuf
(= product) → viande f de bœuf
beef up
vt sep (= strengthen) [+ support, security, forces] → renforcer; [+ essay] → étoffer

beef

n
(= meat)Rindfleisch nt
(inf: = flesh) → Speck m (pej); (= muscles)Muskeln pl; to have plenty of beefjede Menge Bizeps haben (inf); you’d better get rid of some of this beefdu musst ein bisschen abspecken (inf)
what’s his beef? (inf)was hat er zu meckern? (inf)
vi (inf: = complain) → meckern (inf) (→ about über +acc); what are you beefing about?was hast du zu meckern? (inf)

beef

:
beefburger
nHamburger m
beefcake
n no pl (inf: = male photos) → Männerfleisch nt (hum), → Muskelprotze pl
beef cattle
plSchlachtrinder pl
beefeater
n
Beefeater m
(US inf) → Engländer(in) m(f)
beef extract
beef olive
beef sausage
nRindswürstchen nt
beefsteak
nBeefsteak nt
beef tea

beef

[biːf] n (Culin) → manzo
roast beef → roast beef m inv, arrosto di manzo
beef up vt + adv (fam) → rinforzare

beef

(biːf) noun
the flesh of a bull, cow or ox, used as food.
beefy adjective
1. of or like beef. a beefy taste.
2. having a lot of fat or muscle. a beefy man.

beef

لـَحْم البَقَر hovězí oksekød Rindfleisch μοσχάρι carne de vaca naudanliha bœuf govedina manzo 牛肉 쇠고기 rundvlees oksekjøtt wołowina carne bovina, carne de bovino говядина oxkött เนื้อวัว sığır eti thịt bò 牛肉

beef

n. carne de res, carne de vaca;
___ brothcaldo de carne;
___ steakbiftec;
roast ___carne asada, rosbif.

beef

n carne f de vaca or res
References in classic literature ?
Oh, there's corned beef and plenty of poatoes, and I shall get some asparagus and a lobster, `for a relish', as Hannah says.
The Judge's volume of muscle could hardly be the same as the Colonel's; there was undoubtedly less beef in him.
at once shadowy and sensual, A tender loin of beef, a hind-quarter of veal, a spare-rib of pork, a particular chicken, or a remarkably praiseworthy turkey, which had perhaps adorned his board in the days of the elder Adams, would be remembered; while all the subsequent experience of our race, and all the events that brightened or darkened his individual career, had gone over him with as little permanent effect as the passing breeze.
And though the 275th lay was what they call a rather long lay, yet it was better than nothing; and if we had a lucky voyage, might pretty nearly pay for the clothing I would wear out on it, not to speak of my three years' beef and board, for which I would not have to pay one stiver.
That blubber is something of the consistence of firm, close-grained beef, but tougher, more elastic and compact, and ranges from eight or ten to twelve and fifteen inches in thickness.
Jurgis could take up a two-hundred-and-fifty-pound quarter of beef and carry it into a car without a stagger, or even a thought; and now he stood in a far corner, frightened as a hunted animal, and obliged to moisten his lips with his tongue each time before he could answer the congratulations of his friends.
This is probably better than stall-fed beef and slaughterhouse pork to make a man of.
Mainly they were drinking -- from entire ox horns; but a few were still munching bread or gnawing beef bones.
The cold potatoes and corned beef were in the wooden tray, and "Regards of Rebecca" stuck on the chopping knife.
She took a chair by me, washed the blood from my face, and, with a mother's tenderness, bound up my head, covering the wounded eye with a lean piece of fresh beef.
A pint of porter with my cold beef at Marlborough was enough to over-set me.
The latter had never been under-drawn: its entire anatomy lay bare to an inquiring eye, except where a frame of wood laden with oatcakes and clusters of legs of beef, mutton, and ham, concealed it.