bend


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Bend

 (bĕnd)
A city of central Oregon on the Deschutes River in the eastern foothills of the Cascade Range.

bend 1

 (bĕnd)
v. bent (bĕnt), bend·ing, bends
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause to assume a curved or angular shape: bend a piece of iron into a horseshoe.
b. To bring (a bow, for example) into a state of tension by drawing on a string or line.
c. To force to assume a different direction or shape, according to one's own purpose: "Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events" (Robert F. Kennedy).
d. To misrepresent; distort: bend the truth.
e. To relax or make an exception to: bend a rule to allow more members into the club.
2. To cause to swerve from a straight line; deflect: Light is bent as it passes through water.
3. To render submissive; subdue: "[His] words so often bewitched crowds and bent them to his will" (W. Bruce Lincoln).
4. To apply (the mind) closely: "The weary naval officer goes to bed at night having bent his brain all day to a scheme of victory" (Jack Beatty).
5. Nautical To fasten: bend a mainsail onto the boom.
v.intr.
1.
a. To deviate from a straight line or position: The lane bends to the right at the bridge.
b. To assume a curved, crooked, or angular form or direction: The saplings bent in the wind.
2. To incline the body; stoop.
3. To make a concession; yield.
4. To apply oneself closely; concentrate: She bent to her task.
n.
1.
a. The act or fact of bending.
b. The state of being bent.
2. Something bent: a bend in the road.
3. bends Nautical The thick planks in a ship's side; wales.
4. bends (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Decompression sickness. Used with the.
Idioms:
around the bend Slang
Mentally deranged; crazy.
bend (one's) elbow Slang
To drink alcoholic beverages.
bend out of shape Slang
To annoy or anger.
bend/lean over backward
To make an effort greater than is required.
bend (someone's) ear Slang
To talk to at length, usually excessively.

[Middle English benden, from Old English bendan; see bhendh- in Indo-European roots.]

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bend2

bend 2

 (bĕnd)
n.
1. Heraldry A band passing from the upper dexter corner of an escutcheon to the lower sinister corner.
2. Nautical A knot that joins a rope to a rope or another object.

[Middle English, from Old English bend, band, and from Old French bende, bande, band (of Germanic origin; see bhendh- in Indo-European roots).]

bend

(bɛnd)
vb, bends, bending or bent
1. to form or cause to form a curve, as by pushing or pulling
2. to turn or cause to turn from a particular direction: the road bends left past the church.
3. (intr; often foll by down, etc) to incline the body; stoop; bow
4. to submit or cause to submit: to bend before superior force.
5. (tr) to turn or direct (one's eyes, steps, attention, etc)
6. (tr) to concentrate (the mind); apply oneself closely
7. (Nautical Terms) (tr) nautical to attach or fasten, as a sail to a boom or a line to a cleat
8. bend over backwards informal to make a special effort, esp in order to please: he bends over backwards to accommodate his customers.
9. bend someone's ear informal to speak at length to an unwilling listener, esp to voice one's troubles
10. bend the rules informal to ignore rules or change them to suit one's own convenience
n
11. a curved part, as in a road or river
12. (Nautical Terms) nautical a knot or eye in a line for joining it to another or to an object
13. the act or state of bending
14. round the bend slang Brit mad; crazy; eccentric
[Old English bendan; related to Old Norse benda, Middle High German benden; see bind, band3]
ˈbendable adj

bend

(bɛnd)
n
(Heraldry) heraldry an ordinary consisting of a diagonal line traversing a shield
[Old English bend band2; see bend1]

bend1

(bɛnd)

v. bent, bend•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to force from a straight form into a curved or angular one or from a curved or angular form into a different form: to bend an iron rod into a hoop.
2. to guide in a particular direction: to bend one's energies to the task.
3. to cause to submit: to bend someone to one's will.
4. to modify or relax (restrictions): to bend the rules.
5. to pull back the string of (a bow) in preparation for shooting.
6. to fasten: to bend ropes together.
v.i.
7. to become curved or bent: a bow that bends easily.
8. to assume a bent posture; stoop.
9. to bow in submission or reverence.
10. to turn or incline in a particular direction: The road bent south.
11. to yield; submit.
12. to direct one's energies.
n.
13. the act of bending.
14. something that bends: a bend in the road.
15. a knot for joining two rope ends or a rope to an object.
16. the bends, decompression sickness.
Idioms:
1. around or round the bend, Informal. insane; crazy.
2. bend or lean or fall over backward, to exert oneself to the utmost.
3. bend someone's ear, to talk to someone at often tiresome length.
[before 1000; Middle English]
bend′a•ble, adj.
bend′y, adj. bend•i•er, bend•i•est.

bend2

(bɛnd)

n.
1. a diagonal band extending from the dexter chief to the sinister base on a heraldic shield.
2. half of a trimmed butt or hide.
[before 1000; Middle English: b. Old English bend band (see band 3) and Middle French bende band 2]

bend


Past participle: bent
Gerund: bending

Imperative
bend
bend
Present
I bend
you bend
he/she/it bends
we bend
you bend
they bend
Preterite
I bent
you bent
he/she/it bent
we bent
you bent
they bent
Present Continuous
I am bending
you are bending
he/she/it is bending
we are bending
you are bending
they are bending
Present Perfect
I have bent
you have bent
he/she/it has bent
we have bent
you have bent
they have bent
Past Continuous
I was bending
you were bending
he/she/it was bending
we were bending
you were bending
they were bending
Past Perfect
I had bent
you had bent
he/she/it had bent
we had bent
you had bent
they had bent
Future
I will bend
you will bend
he/she/it will bend
we will bend
you will bend
they will bend
Future Perfect
I will have bent
you will have bent
he/she/it will have bent
we will have bent
you will have bent
they will have bent
Future Continuous
I will be bending
you will be bending
he/she/it will be bending
we will be bending
you will be bending
they will be bending
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been bending
you have been bending
he/she/it has been bending
we have been bending
you have been bending
they have been bending
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been bending
you will have been bending
he/she/it will have been bending
we will have been bending
you will have been bending
they will have been bending
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been bending
you had been bending
he/she/it had been bending
we had been bending
you had been bending
they had been bending
Conditional
I would bend
you would bend
he/she/it would bend
we would bend
you would bend
they would bend
Past Conditional
I would have bent
you would have bent
he/she/it would have bent
we would have bent
you would have bent
they would have bent
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bend - a circular segment of a curvebend - a circular segment of a curve; "a bend in the road"; "a crook in the path"
curve, curved shape - the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes
bight - a bend or curve (especially in a coastline)
2.bend - movement that causes the formation of a curvebend - movement that causes the formation of a curve
motion, movement - a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
deflexion, refraction, deflection - the amount by which a propagating wave is bent
3.bend - curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.)bend - curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.)
blind bend, blind curve - a curve or bend in the road that you cannot see around as you are driving
elbow - a sharp bend in a road or river
hairpin bend - a U-shaped bend in a road
road, route - an open way (generally public) for travel or transportation
segment, section - one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object; "a section of a fishing rod"; "metal sections were used below ground"; "finished the final segment of the road"
river - a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek); "the river was navigable for 50 miles"
4.bend - an angular or rounded shape made by foldingbend - an angular or rounded shape made by folding; "a fold in the napkin"; "a crease in his trousers"; "a plication on her blouse"; "a flexure of the colon"; "a bend of his elbow"
pleat, plait - any of various types of fold formed by doubling fabric back upon itself and then pressing or stitching into shape
angular shape, angularity - a shape having one or more sharp angles
twirl, kink, twist - a sharp bend in a line produced when a line having a loop is pulled tight
pucker, ruck - an irregular fold in an otherwise even surface (as in cloth)
5.bend - a town in central Oregon at the eastern foot of the Cascade RangeBend - a town in central Oregon at the eastern foot of the Cascade Range
Beaver State, OR, Oregon - a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
6.bend - diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower leftbend - diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower left
ordinary - (heraldry) any of several conventional figures used on shields
Verb1.bend - form a curvebend - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form
crook, curve - bend or cause to bend; "He crooked his index finger"; "the road curved sharply"
arc, arch, curve - form an arch or curve; "her back arches"; "her hips curve nicely"
incurvate - bend inwards; "The body incurvates a little at the back"
replicate, retroflex - bend or turn backward
lean, tilt, angle, slant, tip - to incline or bend from a vertical position; "She leaned over the banister"
crouch, stoop, bend, bow - bend one's back forward from the waist on down; "he crouched down"; "She bowed before the Queen"; "The young man stooped to pick up the girl's purse"
double over, double up, double - bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain; "He doubled and vomited violently"
fawn, grovel, cower, cringe, crawl, creep - show submission or fear
curl up, curl, draw in - shape one's body into a curl; "She curled farther down under the covers"; "She fell and drew in"
straighten, unbend - straighten up or out; make straight
2.bend - change directionbend - change direction; "The road bends"  
turn - change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense; "Turn towards me"; "The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face"; "She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs"
3.bend - cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular formbend - cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; "bend the rod"; "twist the dough into a braid"; "the strong man could turn an iron bar"
change form, change shape, deform - assume a different shape or form
dent, indent - make a depression into; "The bicycle dented my car"
incurvate - cause to curve inward; "gravity incurvates the rays"
gnarl - twist into a state of deformity; "The wind has gnarled this old tree"
crank - bend into the shape of a crank
convolute, convolve - curl, wind, or twist together
unbend - free from flexure; "unbend a bow"
4.bend - bend one's back forward from the waist on downbend - bend one's back forward from the waist on down; "he crouched down"; "She bowed before the Queen"; "The young man stooped to pick up the girl's purse"
bend, flex - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"
squinch - crouch down
cower, huddle - crouch or curl up; "They huddled outside in the rain"
5.bend - turn from a straight course, fixed direction, or line of interest
turn - change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense; "Turn towards me"; "The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face"; "She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs"
6.bend - bend a jointbend - bend a joint; "flex your wrists"; "bend your knees"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"

bend

verb
1. twist, turn, wind, lean, hook, bow, curve, arch, incline, arc, deflect, warp, buckle, coil, flex, stoop, veer, swerve, diverge, contort, inflect, incurvate Bend the bar into a horseshoe.
2. wind, turn, twist, arch, arc, swerve The road bent slightly to the right.
3. submit, yield, bow, surrender, give in, give way, cede, capitulate, resign yourself Congress has to bend to his will.
4. force, direct, influence, shape, persuade, compel, mould, sway He's very decisive. You cannot bend him.
noun
1. curve, turn, corner, hook, twist, angle, bow, loop, arc, zigzag, camber The crash occurred on a sharp bend.
bend over backwards try, endeavour, try hard, toil, make every effort, go all out (informal), do your best, bust a gut (informal), do all you can, give it your best shot (informal), jump through hoops (informal), break your neck (informal), exert yourself, do your utmost, do your damnedest (informal), give it your all (informal), rupture yourself (informal), drive someone round the bend People are bending over backwards to please customers.

bend

verb
1. To swerve from a straight line:
2. To cause to move, especially at an angle:
3. To incline the body:
4. To be unable to hold up:
5. To devote (oneself or one's efforts):
noun
Something bent:
Translations
اِلْتِوَاءثنىمُنْعَطَفُيَثْنِييَحْني، يَنْحَني
ohnoutohybpodrobitsehnout sezatáčka
bøjekurvesvingsvingetvinge
mutkataipuataivuttaapalkkisitoa
nagnuti sezavoj
hajlítmeghajlítgörbít
beygjabeygja, bugîaknÿja e-n til e-s
曲げる曲がり曲がる
굽은 부분굽히다
lenktilenktisnusistatęspalenktiposūkis
izliekumsliektliektieslīkumslocīt
zahnúť
ovinekskloniti seupognitiupogniti se
böjböja
โค้งทางโค้ง
chỗ conguốn cong

bend

[bend] (bent (vb: pt, pp))
A. N
1. (gen) → curva f; (in pipe etc) → ángulo m; (= corner) → recodo m (Naut) → gaza f
"dangerous bend"curva peligrosa
he's round the bend! (Brit) → ¡está chiflado!
to go round the bendvolverse loco
to drive sb round the bendvolver loco a algn
2. the bends (Med) → la enfermedad de descompresión
3. (Heraldry) → banda f
B. VT
1. (= make curved) [+ wire] → curvar, doblar; (= cause to sag) → combar; [+ arm, knee] → doblar; [+ sail] → envergar
on bended kneede rodillas
to bend the rules for sbadaptar las normas a beneficio de algn
to bend sb to one's willdoblar a algn a su voluntad
to bend sb's earmarear a algn
2. (= incline) [+ body, head] → inclinar
3. (= direct) [+ efforts, steps etc] → dirigir (to a) to bend one's mind to a problemaplicarse a un problema
see also bent
C. VI
1. [branch] → doblarse; [wire] → torcerse; [arm, knee] → doblarse; [road, river] → torcer (to the left a la izquierda)
2. [person] (= stoop) → inclinarse, doblarse
bend back VT + ADVdoblar hacia atrás
bend down
A. VT + ADV [+ branch] → doblar; [+ head] → inclinar
B. VI + ADV [person] → agacharse
bend over
A. VT + ADVdoblar
B. VI + ADV [person] → inclinarse
to bend over backwards (to do sth)hacer lo imposible (por hacer algo)

bend

[ˈbɛnd]
vb [bent] [ˈbɛnt] (pt, pp)
vt
[+ leg, arm, knee, cardboard] → plier
I can't bend my arm → Je n'arrive pas à plier le bras.
"do not bend" → "ne pas plier"
[+ back, tree] → courber
[+ head] → baisser, courber
[+ metal, wire] → tordre
You've bent it → Tu l'as tordu.
to bend the rules → faire une entorse au règlement
vi
[person] → se courber, se pencher; [knee, elbow] → se plier; [tree] → ployer
He finds it difficult to bend → Il a du mal à se pencher.
[wire, metal] → se tordre
It bends easily → Ça se tord facilement.
[road] → tourner
n
(British) (in road)virage m, tournant m
to drive sb round the bend (British) (= drive mad) → rendre qn cinglé(e)
to be round the bend (British) (= mad) → être cinglé
(in pipe, river)coude m
bend down
vise baisser
bend over
vi
(= stoop) → se pencher
to bend over backwards to do sth (= do one's utmost) → se mettre en quatre pour faire qch

bend

vb pret, ptp <bent>
n
(in river, tube, etc) → Krümmung f, → Biegung f; (90°) → Knie nt; (in road also) → Kurve f; there is a bend in the roaddie Straße macht (da) eine Kurve; bends for 3 miles3 Meilen kurvenreiche Strecke; don’t park on the bendparken Sie nicht in der Kurve; to go/be round the bend (Brit inf) → durchdrehen (inf), → verrückt werden/sein (inf); to drive somebody round the bend (Brit inf) → jdn verrückt or wahnsinnig machen (inf)
(= knot)Stek m
vt
(= curve, make angular)biegen; rod, rail, pipe alsokrümmen; bowspannen; arm, knee alsobeugen; leg, arm alsoanwinkeln; (forwards) back alsobeugen, krümmen; headbeugen, neigen; he can bend an iron bar with his teether kann mit den Zähnen eine Eisenstange verbiegen; to bend something at right anglesetw rechtwinklig abbiegen or abknicken; to bend something out of shapeetw verbiegen; the bumper got bent in the crashdie Stoßstange hat sich bei dem Zusammenstoß verbogen; on bended kneesauf Knien; (fig also)kniefällig; to go down on bended kneesauf die Knie fallen; (fig also)einen Kniefall machen
(fig) rules, truthes nicht so genau nehmen mit; to bend the lawdas Gesetz beugen; to bend somebody to one’s willsich (dat)jdn gefügig machen
(= direct) one’s steps, effortslenken, richten
(Naut) sailbefestigen
vi
sich biegen; (pipe, rail also)sich krümmen; (forwards also, tree, corn etc) → sich neigen; (person)sich beugen; this metal bends easily (a bad thing) → dieses Metall verbiegt sich leicht; (a good thing) → dieses Metall lässt sich leicht biegen; my arm won’t bendich kann den Arm nicht biegen; bending strainBiegespannung f
(river)eine Biegung machen; (at right angles) → ein Knie machen; (road also)eine Kurve machen; the road/river bends to the leftdie Straße/der Fluss macht eine Linkskurve/-biegung
(fig: = submit) → sich beugen, sich fügen (→ to +dat)

bend

[bɛnd] (bent (vb: pt, pp))
1. n (in road) → curva; (in river) → ansa, gomito; (in arm, knee) → piega; (in pipe) → gomito
he drives me round the bend! (fam) → mi fa diventare matto!
2. vt (wire) → curvare, piegare; (knee) → flettere, piegare; (arm) → piegare; (head) → piegare, chinare
3. vipiegarsi, curvarsi; (road) → fare una curva; (river) → fare un gomito; (person) → chinarsi
bend down vi + advchinarsi
bend over vi + advchinarsi, piegarsi
to bend over backwards (fig) → farsi in quattro

bend

(bend) past tense, past participle bent (bent) verb
1. to make, become, or be, angled or curved. Bend your arm; She bent down to pick up the coin; The road bends to the right; He could bend an iron bar.
2. to force (someone) to do what one wants. He bent me to his will.
noun
a curve or angle. a bend in the road.
the bends
agonizing pains, especially in the joints, affecting divers when they surface too quickly.
bent on
determined on. bent on winning.

bend

اِلْتِوَاء, يَثْنِي ohnout (se), ohyb bøje, kurve beugen, Biegung καμπή, κάμπτω curva, inclinarse mutka, taipua plier, virage nagnuti se, zavoj chinarsi, curva 曲がり, 曲げる 굽은 부분, 굽히다 bocht, buigen bøye, bøyning skręt, zgiąć curva, curvar изгиб, сгибать(ся) böj, böja โค้ง, ทางโค้ง kıvrılmak, viraj chỗ cong, uốn cong 弯折, 弯曲

bend

vt. doblar, inclinar, doblarse, inclinarse;
___ back___ hacia atrás;
___ forward___ hacia adelante;
___ downdoblarse, inclinarse.

bend

n curva, ángulo; deep knee — sentadilla; vt (pret & pp bent) doblar; Bend your knee.. Doble la rodilla; to — one’s head down bajar or agachar la cabeza; vi doblarse; to — over o down inclinarse hacia adelante, doblarse, agacharse; Bend over..Inclínese hacia adelante.
References in classic literature ?
I'll go on to the first bend, and see if it's all right before we begin to race," Amy heard him say, as he shot away, looking like a young Russian in his fur-trimmed coat and cap.
The road followed the windings of the draw; when she came to the first bend, she waved at me and disappeared.
Turning, she thrust her face, steaming and wet, into the bend of her arm, and she went on crying there, not caring any longer to dry her face, her eyes, her arms.
A gleam of exultation shot across the darkly-painted lineaments of the inhabitant of the forest, as he traced the route of his intended victims, who rode unconsciously onward, the light and graceful forms of the females waving among the trees, in the curvatures of their path, followed at each bend by the manly figure of Heyward, until, finally, the shapeless person of the singing master was concealed behind the numberless trunks of trees, that rose, in dark lines, in the intermediate space.
They had marched beyond the Blue Licks to a remarkable bend of the main fork of Licking River, about forty-three miles from Lexington, as it is particularly represented in the map, where we overtook them on the nineteenth day.
It is sluicing off the gravel, deepening the ditch, and altering the slope which was the old bend of the river.
I can't express what followed it save by saying that the silence itself-- which was indeed in a manner an attestation of my strength-- became the element into which I saw the figure disappear; in which I definitely saw it turn as I might have seen the low wretch to which it had once belonged turn on receipt of an order, and pass, with my eyes on the villainous back that no hunch could have more disfigured, straight down the staircase and into the darkness in which the next bend was lost.
Be it said, that though I had felt such a strong repugnance to his smoking in the bed the night before, yet see how elastic our stiff prejudices grow when love once comes to bend them.
If we bend down our eyes, the dark vale shows her mouldy soil; but if we lift them, the bright sun meets our glance half way, to cheer.
Long before we came to the bend she was out of sight.
She had never seen her husband in this mood before; and her gentle system of ethics seemed to bend like a reed in the surges of such passions.
It has not the vitality and force of a single living man; for a single man can bend it to his will.