benzene


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to benzene: Ethylbenzene, benzene poisoning

ben·zene

 (bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.

benzene

(ˈbɛnziːn; bɛnˈziːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless flammable toxic aromatic liquid used in the manufacture of styrene, phenol, etc, as a solvent for fats, resins, etc, and as an insecticide. Formula: C6H6. See also benzene ring

ben•zene

(ˈbɛn zin, bɛnˈzin)

n.
a colorless, slightly water-soluble, liquid aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in making chemicals and dyes and as a solvent.
[1825–35]
click for a larger image

ben·zene

(bĕn′zēn′)
A clear, colorless, flammable liquid, C6H6. It is derived from petroleum and used to make detergents, insecticides, motor fuels, and many other chemical products. ♦ The six carbon atoms of benzene are arranged in a ring, called a benzene ring, having alternating single and double bonds, with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom. This ring is a fundamental component of many other organic compounds.

benzyl adjective
Did You Know? One of the key insights in the history of chemistry came in a dream. In 1865 chemists knew that a benzene molecule consisted of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. They also knew that carbon atoms have four bonds by which they can join with other atoms. But none of the chain-like structures that chemists knew about then worked with these numbers of atoms and bonds. The German chemist Friedrich August Kekulé had thought about this problem for a long time. One night he fell asleep and dreamed of snakes. One snake bit its own tail, forming a circle. Awakened by the image, Kekulé realized that the six carbon atoms in benzene formed a ring. Each carbon was bound once to one adjacent carbon and twice to the carbon on its other side. And each used its fourth bond to hold a hydrogen atom outside the ring. Modern chemistry owes much of its power to the understanding of ringed carbon compounds that started with Kekulé's dream.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
benzene formula, benzene nucleus, benzene ring, Kekule formula - a closed chain of 6 carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached
Translations
benzen
bentseeni
benzen
bensen

benzene

[ˈbenziːn] Nbenceno m

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzène m

benzene

nBenzol nt

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzene m

benzene

n benceno
References in periodicals archive ?
Benefit from Our advanced insight on the Benzene industry in Italy
Dubai: A salesman has been accused of pouring benzene on the cash counter of a money exchange house and threatening to set it on fire when he tried to rob the place.
Benzene producers in the Middle East and Africa are likely to significantly increase their share of worldwide benzene production.
Benzene, a component of gasoline that can cause leukemia, gets into the air when vehicles run or when gas tanks are "topped off" - that is, filled past the automatic shut-off point, the county said.
Hence, growth in automotive industry is the prime driver for benzene market.
Twenty litres of the pop has less benzene than a day breathing city air.
Ethanol is less persistent than MTBE in the environment, but it appears to enhance the diffusion of benzene, a carcinogen and a major ingredient in gasoline, when ethanol-enriched gas leaks from tanks.
The first phase, aromatic plant is designed to produce benzene and paraxylene.
But at very high temperatures, the benzene ring does decompose to form hydrogen gas and carbon.
Based on a previous off-take agreement Chevron took the entire production of PX and benzene until 2001, but in 1999, Pertamina agreed to extend the contract until 2003.
According to the lapel sensors, the median personal exposure to benzene was 3.