benzodiazepine


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Related to benzodiazepine: benzodiazepine drugs

ben·zo·di·az·e·pine

 (bĕn′zō-dī-ăz′ə-pēn′, -pĭn)
n.
Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants.

[benzo- + diazepine, seven-member ring containing two nitrogens (di- + az(o)- + (h)ep(ta)- + -ine).]

benzodiazepine

(ˌbɛnzəʊdaɪˈeɪzəˌpiːn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of chemical compounds that are used as minor tranquillizers, such as diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
[C20: from benzo- + di-1 + aza- + ep- + -ine2]

ben•zo•di•az•e•pine

(ˌbɛn zoʊ daɪˈæz əˌpin, -ˈeɪ zə-)

n.
any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions.
[1930–35; benzo- + di-1 + az (o)- + -epine ((h)ep(ta)- + -ine 2)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzodiazepine - any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
alprazolam, Xanax - an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
chlordiazepoxide, Libritabs, Librium - a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
diazepam, Valium - a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
estazolam, ProSom - a frequently prescribed sleeping pill (trade name ProSom)
Ativan, lorazepam - tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
midazolam, Versed - an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug, minor tranquilizer, minor tranquilliser, minor tranquillizer - a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
muscle relaxant - a drug that reduces muscle contractility by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses or by decreasing the excitability of the motor end plate or by other actions
nitrazepam - a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
Restoril, temazepam - a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
Halcion, triazolam - a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
Translations

benzodiazepine

n benzodiazepina or benzodiacepina
References in periodicals archive ?
This article reviews some of the risks of benzodiazepine use, identifies patients with higher risks of adverse effects, and presents a practical approach to prescribing these medications.
Benzodiazepine and related drug use is associated with a 40 percent increase in mortality among people with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study (International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Nov.
The recommendations included educating patients about the risks of combined use of these drugs, "including overdose and death"; considering other treatment options for patients taking benzodiazepines for anxiety or insomnia; monitoring patients for illicit drug use, "including urine or blood screening"; communicating with other prescribers so that they know about patients' buprenorphine or methadone treatment; and trying to taper the use of the benzodiazepine or CNS depressant to eventual discontinuation if possible.
In my state of Maryland in 2014, benzodiazepines were associated with 19% of prescription opioid deaths, and 59% of benzodiazepine-associated deaths involved prescription opioids.
Additionally, the number of patients who were prescribed both an opioid analgesic and benzodiazepine increased by 41 percent between 2002 and 2014, which translates to an increase of more than 2.
Additionally, the number of patients who were prescribed both an opioid analgesic and benzodiazepine rose by 41% between 2002 and 2014, which translates to an increase of more than 2.
While opioid addiction and overdose continue to gain attention nationally, the United States has seen an increase in benzodiazepine prescriptions and overdose mortality in the past two decades.
Benzodiazepine (BZD), often called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs resulting in sedative and hynotic and anti-anxiety properties.
Around 20 million prescriptions are written every year in the United States and approximately 10% of the population report having used benzodiazepine as a hypnotic (6).