benzoin


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Related to benzoin: Benzil, Benzoin resin

ben·zo·in

 (bĕn′zō-ĭn, -zoin′)
n.
1. A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus Styrax and used in perfumery and medicine. Also called benjamin, gum benjamin, gum benzoin.
2. A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C14H12O2, derived from benzaldehyde.

[Earlier benjoin, from French benjoin and Italian benzoino, both from Arabic lubān jāwī, frankincense of Java; see lbn in Semitic roots.]

benzoin

(ˈbɛnzɔɪn; -zəʊɪn; bɛnˈzəʊɪn)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: benjamin a gum resin containing benzoic acid, obtained from various trees of the genus Styrax, esp S. benzoin of Java and Sumatra, and used in ointments, perfume, etc
2. (Elements & Compounds) a white or yellowish crystalline compound with a camphor-like odour used as an antiseptic and flavouring; 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone. Formula: C6H5CHOHCOC6H5
3. (Plants) any lauraceous aromatic shrub or tree of the genus Lindera, esp L. benzoin (spicebush)
[C16: from French benjoin, from Old Catalan benjui, from Arabic lubān jāwī, literally: frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in1

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
1. a reddish brown balsamic resin obtained from certain storax trees, used in medicine and perfumery.
2. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, as the spicebush.
[1550–60; earlier benjoin < Middle French < Portuguese beijoim < Arabic lubān jāwi frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in2

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
a white, water-soluble powder, C14H12O2, used in organic synthesis.
[1860–70; benzo- + -in 1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzoin - gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
gum resin - a mixture of resin and gum
2.benzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus LinderaBenzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera
magnoliid dicot genus - genus of dicotyledonous flowering plants regarded as among the most primitive of extant angiosperms
family Lauraceae, Lauraceae, laurel family - a family of Lauraceae
Translations

ben·zo·in

n. benjuí, resina usada como expectorante.

benzoin

n benzoína
References in classic literature ?
Ikey," said he, when his friend had fetched his mortar and sat opposite, grinding gum benzoin to a powder, "get busy with your ear.
5 inch,Disposable Needle 20N/1 inch,Disposable hand gloves (full sleeves) l pkt of 100 Dcs,Compound Benzoin Tincture lP 500m1,Weak iodine solution lP 500m1,Formalin solution lP 500m1,Turpentine oil lP 500 ml,Clvcerin lP l tit,cauqe than (fine qualitv) than,lodine (resublimed) IP %100qm/400qm,Potassium iodine IP 100qm/400qm,Distilled water lP 500 m
Probably as a byproduct of the exploitation of benzoin and pine resin, which replaced West Asian bdellium and frankincense respectively, other Southeast Asian products came into use around the same time.
Table 2--Powder Coating Formulation Based on [beta]-Hydroxy-alkyl-amide Raw Material Charge (g) Carboxylated polyester 570 [beta]-Hydroxy-alkyl-amide 30 Benzoin 5 Flow promoter Masterbatch 50 Titanium dioxide 345 Total 1000 Table 3--Salt Spray Resistance After 500 Hours for Superdurable Powder Coatings Based on [beta]-HAA ACE ACE ACE ACE Coating C Coating D Coating A Coating B based on based on based on based on NEW-SD- NEW-SD- Superdurable REF-SD- REF-SD- PES1 PES1 Polyester PES PES (version 1) (version 2) Substrate Iron Sand Sand Sand pretreatment phosphate blasted blasted blasted Creep [mm] 0-3 10-15 4-6 3-5 (a) Iron phosphate: with iron phosphating as passivation agent (b) Sand blasted: without chemical treatment--steel, rolling mill surface Ra 0.
For the experts, the perfume's top notes are bergamot and artemisia; its heart notes are jasmine, rose, ylang-ylang, rose taif, blackcurrant bud, clove buds, and geranium; while its base notes are pink pepper, guaiacwood, cypriol, aoud, patchouli, oakmoss, cumin, cistus, benzoin, incense, labdanum, musk, and civet.
The bouA[degrees]quet is completed with cistus labdanum, amber and benzoin.
And then when explosive and succulent tuberose does appear, it's tempered by velvety champaca and tea-like osmanthus, and sustained by reliable base notes-sandalwood, musk, amber, and benzoin resin.
Giorgio Armani's Myrrhe Imperiale eau de parfum fuses two precious, natural ingredients, myrrh and benzoin in a captivating combination.
No matter the city, I always leave my hotel room infused with damask rose, benzoin gum, and jasmine, courtesy of the deftly skilled Council of the Maharishi Ayurveda Physicians.
PETALE Noir is an oriental floral fragrance with top notes of lotus, magnolia, violet leaf, hyacinth, mandarin orange and bergamot; heart notes of rose, ylang-ylang, neroli, heliotrope, osmanthus, orris root, lily-of-the-valley, black currant blossom and base notes of leather, ginger, amber, tobacco leaf, patchouli, oakmoss, vetiver, sandalwood, cedar, labdanum, musk and benzoin.
Contribution of insectivorous avifauna to top down control of Lindera benzoin herbivores at forest edge and interior habitats.
Betadine is used to decontaminate the site, and a product such as benzoin tincture may be used to help the dressing to adhere.