benzoin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to benzoin: Benzil, Benzoin resin

ben·zo·in

 (bĕn′zō-ĭn, -zoin′)
n.
1. A balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asian trees of the genus Styrax and used in perfumery and medicine. Also called benjamin, gum benjamin, gum benzoin.
2. A white or yellowish crystalline compound, C14H12O2, derived from benzaldehyde.

[Earlier benjoin, from French benjoin and Italian benzoino, both from Arabic lubān jāwī, frankincense of Java; see lbn in Semitic roots.]

benzoin

(ˈbɛnzɔɪn; -zəʊɪn; bɛnˈzəʊɪn)
n
1. (Plants) Also called: benjamin a gum resin containing benzoic acid, obtained from various trees of the genus Styrax, esp S. benzoin of Java and Sumatra, and used in ointments, perfume, etc
2. (Elements & Compounds) a white or yellowish crystalline compound with a camphor-like odour used as an antiseptic and flavouring; 2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetophenone. Formula: C6H5CHOHCOC6H5
3. (Plants) any lauraceous aromatic shrub or tree of the genus Lindera, esp L. benzoin (spicebush)
[C16: from French benjoin, from Old Catalan benjui, from Arabic lubān jāwī, literally: frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in1

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
1. a reddish brown balsamic resin obtained from certain storax trees, used in medicine and perfumery.
2. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, as the spicebush.
[1550–60; earlier benjoin < Middle French < Portuguese beijoim < Arabic lubān jāwi frankincense of Java]

ben•zo•in2

(ˈbɛn zoʊ ɪn, -zɔɪn, bɛnˈzoʊ ɪn)

n.
a white, water-soluble powder, C14H12O2, used in organic synthesis.
[1860–70; benzo- + -in 1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzoin - gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
gum resin - a mixture of resin and gum
2.benzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus LinderaBenzoin - used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera
magnoliid dicot genus - genus of dicotyledonous flowering plants regarded as among the most primitive of extant angiosperms
family Lauraceae, Lauraceae, laurel family - a family of Lauraceae
Translations

ben·zo·in

n. benjuí, resina usada como expectorante.

benzoin

n benzoína
References in classic literature ?
Ikey," said he, when his friend had fetched his mortar and sat opposite, grinding gum benzoin to a powder, "get busy with your ear.
This dark tea, infused for 92 hours, mingles with benzoin, sandalwood, leather and styrax.
A sterile scalpel with a round tip, a glass slide, a cotton swab dipped in methylated alcohol, a swabstick soaked in benzoin and a diamond pencil for labeling the slide were used.
Dhoop is also known as Loban or Benzoin in other words, which has the capacity to purify the atmosphere.
A finish of benzoin siam, sandalwood Sri Lanka and cashmeran wood completes the juice.
Southeast Asia enters into the picture in Section II, which catalogues thirty-seven aromatic materials and singles out twelve for discussion: frankincense, ambergris, liquid storax, rosewater, gardenia, costus, myrrh, cloves, sweet benzoin, benzoin, nutmeg and white sandalwood (Bai Shouyi 1937, pp.
KAHAIA The Kahaia flower inspired the Bora Bora, Polynesia scent, and is combined with Jasmine Sambac and Benzoin.
You might see words like acetic anhydride, benzoin resin, benzoyl peroxide, calcium hypochiorite, lactylic sterate, paracetic acid, spermoil hydrogenated, xanthan gum or zinc gluconate.
Differential induced response to generalist and specialist herbivores by Lindera benzoin (Lauraceae) in sun and shade.
The skin sutures were protected by Tincture benzoin seal.