besides


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be·sides

 (bĭ-sīdz′)
adv.
1. In addition; also: I could smell the ocean, some pine trees, and something else besides.
2. Moreover; furthermore: I'm too tired to go for a walk. Besides, it's raining.
3. Otherwise; else: has been to Mexico but nowhere besides.
prep.
1. In addition to: She was given a scholarship besides the award.
2. Except for; other than: No one besides the owner could control the angry dog.

[Middle English : biside, at the side; see beside + -es, adv. suff.; see -s3.]
Usage Note: Some critics argue that beside and besides should be kept distinct when they are used as prepositions. According to that argument, beside is used only to mean "at the side of," as in There was no one in the seat beside me. For the meanings "in addition to" and "except for" besides should be used: Besides replacing the back stairs, she fixed the broken banister. No one besides Smitty would say a thing like that. But this distinction is often ignored, even by widely respected writers. While it is true that besides can never mean "at the side of," beside regularly appears in print in place of besides. Using beside in this way can be ambiguous, however; the sentence There was no one beside him at the table could mean that he had the table to himself or that the seats next to him were not occupied. See Usage Note at together.

besides

(bɪˈsaɪdz)
prep
apart from; even considering: besides costing too much, the scheme is impractical.
sentence connector
anyway; moreover
adv
as well

be•sides

(bɪˈsaɪdz)

adv.
1. moreover; furthermore; also: Besides, I promised them we would come.
2. in addition: There are three elm trees and two maples besides.
3. otherwise; else: They had a roof over their heads but not much besides.
prep.
4. in addition to: Besides his mother he has a sister to support.
5. other than; except: no one here besides us.
[1175–1225; Middle English bisides]
usage: See beside.

beside

besides
1. 'beside'

If one thing is beside another, it is next to it or at the side of it.

Beside the shed was a huge tree.
I sat down beside my wife.
2. 'besides' used as a preposition

Besides means 'in addition to' or 'as well as'.

What languages do you know besides Arabic and English?
There was only one person besides Jacques who knew Lorraine.
3. 'besides' used to link clauses

You can use besides to introduce a clause beginning with an -ing form.

He writes novels and poems, besides working as a journalist.
Besides being good company, he was always ready to try anything.

Be Careful!
You must use an -ing form in sentences like these. Don't say, for example, 'He writes novels and poems besides he works as a journalist'.

4. 'besides' used as an adverb

You can use besides when you are making an additional point or giving an additional reason that you think is important.

I'll only be gone for five days, and besides, you'll have fun while I'm away.
The house was too big. Besides, we couldn't afford it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.besides - making an additional point; anyway; "I don't want to go to a restaurant; besides, we can't afford it"; "she couldn't shelter behind him all the time and in any case he wasn't always with her"
2.besides - in additionbesides - in addition; "he has a Mercedes, too"

besides

preposition
1. apart from, barring, excepting, other than, excluding, as well (as), in addition to, over and above I think she has many good qualities besides being beautiful.
adverb
1. also, too, further, otherwise, in addition, as well, moreover, furthermore, what's more, into the bargain Besides, today's young people have grown up knowing only a Conservative government.

besides

adverb
Translations
بالأضا فَةِ إلىبالأضافَةِ إلىباِلإضَافَة إِلىبِالإضَافَةِ إلى ذَلِك
ještěkroměmimomimotonadto
udoverdesudenforuden
paitsisitä paitsi
osim togauz to
amellett
fyrir utanòar aî auki
・・・に加えてその上
~외에게다가
polegrazen tega
dessutomförutom
นอกจาก อีกด้วยนอกจากนี้
üstelikyanı sıraayrıcabir debundan başka
bên cạnhngoài ra

besides

[bɪˈsaɪdz]
A. PREP
1. (= in addition to) → además de, aparte de
there were three of us besides Maryéramos tres además de or aparte de Mary
there are others besides ourselves who might be interestedademás de nosotros or aparte de nosotros hay otros que pueden estar interesados
besides which he was unwellaparte de eso estaba malo, además estaba malo
2. (= apart from) → aparte de
no one besides you has the keynadie, aparte de ti, tiene la llave
Thomas was the only blond in the family, besides the motherThomas era el único rubio de la familia, aparte de la madre
B. ADV
1. (= in addition) → además
he wrote a novel and several short stories besidesescribió una novela y además varias narraciones cortas
and much more besidesy mucho más todavía
2. (= anyway) → además
I didn't want to invite him, and besides, he said he was busyno quería invitarlo, además dijo que estaba ocupado

besides

[bɪˈsaɪdz]
adv
(= as well) → en plus
and more besides → et d'autres encore
and many more besides → et beaucoup d'autres encore
and much more besides → entre autres
(= anyway) → d'ailleurs, du reste
Besides, it's too expensive → Du reste, c'est trop cher.
prep (= as well as) → en plus de (= apart from) → à part

besides

adv
(= in addition)außerdem, obendrein; he wrote a novel and several short stories besideser hat einen Roman und außerdem noch mehrere Kurzgeschichten geschrieben; many more besidesnoch viele mehr; have you got any others besides?haben Sie noch andere or noch welche?
(= anyway, moreover)außerdem
prep
(= in addition to)außer; others besides ourselvesaußer uns noch andere; there were three of us besides MaryMary nicht mitgerechnet, waren wir zu dritt; besides which he was unwellüberdies or außerdem fühlte er sich nicht wohl
(= except)außer, abgesehen von

besides

[bɪˈsaɪdz]
1. prep (in addition to) → oltre a; (apart from) → all'infuori di, a parte
besides which ... → per di più...
2. adv (in addition) → inoltre; (anyway) → poi, del resto, per di più
and more besides → e altro ancora

beside

(biˈsaid) preposition
1. by the side of or near. beside the window; She sat beside her sister.
2. compared with. She looks ugly beside her sister.
beˈsides preposition
in addition to. Is anyone coming besides John?
adverb
also. These shoes are expensive – besides, they're too small; She has three sons and an adopted one besides.
be beside oneself (with)
to be in a state of very great, uncontrolled emotion. She was beside herself with excitement as her holiday approached.
be beside the point
to be irrelevant. You will have to go. Whether you want to go is beside the point.

besides

باِلإضَافَة إِلى, بِالإضَافَةِ إلى ذَلِك mimoto, navíc desuden, udover außerdem, darüber hinaus επιπλέον, επίσης además, además de paitsi, sitä paitsi de même, en outre osim toga, uz to inoltre, oltre a ・・・に加えて, その上 ~외에, 게다가 bovendien, naast dessuten, foruten ponadto, poza tym além de, além disso кроме того, помимо dessutom, förutom นอกจาก อีกด้วย, นอกจากนี้ üstelik, yanı sıra bên cạnh, ngoài ra 此外, 除了…
References in classic literature ?
The smallness of the company made it necessary for the two principal actors to take several parts apiece, and they certainly deserved some credit for the hard work they did in learning three or four different parts, whisking in and out of various costumes, and managing the stage besides.
Besides the kitchen, there was a living-room, with a wide double bed built against the wall, properly made up with blue gingham sheets and pillows.
I hope she has discernment enough to find in me something besides the blagueur.
After simpering in a small way, like one whose modesty prohibited a more open expression of his admiration of a witticism that was perfectly unintelligible to his hearers, he continued, "It is not prudent for any one of my profession to be too familiar with those he has to instruct; for which reason I follow not the line of the army; besides which, I conclude that a gentleman of your character has the best judgment in matters of wayfaring; I have, therefore, decided to join company, in order that the ride may be made agreeable, and partake of social communion.
During this dreadful siege, which threatened death in every form, we had two men killed, and four wounded, besides a number of cattle.
Besides, I don't want anybody to get that woman out at night but myself.
Later, he had engaged in politics, and served a part of two terms in Congress, besides making a considerable figure in both branches of the State legislature.
It is no matter that the place is joyless for him; that he is weary of the old wooden houses, the mud and dust, the dead level of site and sentiment, the chill east wind, and the chillest of social atmospheres; -- all these, and whatever faults besides he may see or imagine, are nothing to the purpose.
And then there were apple pies, and peach pies, and pumpkin pies; besides slices of ham and smoked beef; and moreover delectable dishes of preserved plums, and peaches, and pears, and quinces; not to mention broiled shad and roasted chickens; together with bowls of milk and cream, all mingled higgledy- pigglely, pretty much as I have enumerated them, with the motherly teapot sending up its clouds of vapor from the midst-- Heaven bless the mark
Though I cannot tell why it was exactly that those stage managers, the Fates, put me down for this shabby part of a whaling voyage, when others were set down for magnificent parts in high tragedies, and short and easy parts in genteel comedies, and jolly parts in farces --though I cannot tell why this was exactly; yet, now that I recall all the circumstances, I think I can see a little into the springs and motives which being cunningly presented to me under various disguises, induced me to set about performing the part I did, besides cajoling me into the delusion that it was a choice resulting from my own unbiased freewill and discriminating judgment.
Besides, it has been divined by other continental commentators, that when Jonah was thrown overboard from the Joppa ship, he straightway effected his escape to another vessel near by, some vessel with a whale for a figure-head; and, I would add, possibly called The Whale, as some craft are nowadays christened the Shark, the Gull, the Eagle.
People were not so busy then as they must become when the full cheese-making and the mowing had set in; and besides, it was a time when a light bridal dress could be worn with comfort and seen to advantage.