beta cell


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beta cell

n.
1. Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.
2. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.

be′ta cell`


n.
a cell in the islets of Langerhans that produces and secretes insulin.
[1925–30]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beta cell - a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Experts say the accomplishment has the potential to serve as a cell source for islet replacement in people with type 1 diabetes and may provide a resource for discovery of beta cell therapies that promote survival or regeneration of beta cells and development of screening biomarkers to monitor beta cell health and survival to guide therapeutic strategies for all stages of the disease.
The SIK2-p35-PJA2 pathway provides us with new targets to try and improve beta cell functionality to prevent and treat Type 2 diabetes," he added.
Earlier work suggested that a drug called anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody can reverse type 1 diabetes in mice by thwarting the immune attack before beta cell reserves are depleted.
After around four months of experiments with artemether, it was clear that the drug was not triggering alpha to beta cell conversion, as the initial Cell paper had claimed.
Objective: To observe the effect of Citrullus colocynthis on beta cell regeneration and intra-islet vasculature.
The goal of this collaboration is to develop a beta cell replacement therapy based on functional beta cells derived from human stem cells.
The pair formed their alliance in order to develop a beta cell replacement therapy based on functional beta cells derived from human stem cells.
Fasting glucose, pancreatic beta cell function, insulin sensitivity and resistance, serum zinc, and lipids were measured at the beginning and end of the study.
Therapies that are presently available for diabetes focus on reducing the disease symptoms, but there is a huge unmet need for therapies that can either slow or prevent the beta cell loss as there is a rapid loss of cells in type 1 diabetes and progressive loss in type 2 diabetes patients.
Glucokinase as pancreatic beta cell glucose sensor and diabetes gene.
Their cure requires restoration of a metabolically adequate beta cell mass.