beta-oxidation


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Related to beta-oxidation: acetyl-coA, deamination

be·ta-ox·i·da·tion

 (bā′tə-ŏk′sĭ-dā′shən, bē′-)
n.
The oxidative degradation of saturated fatty acids, occurring in a repeating cycle of steps in which a two-carbon unit is removed from the molecule during each cycle.
References in periodicals archive ?
This allows a shift in metabolism to increased lipid synthesis and decreased beta-oxidation.
Recent research from Belgium using an animal model has identified that butyrate directly influences colonocyte oxygen consumption through the beta-oxidation pathway leading to a symbiotic effect in normal gut by maintaining obligate anaerobes rather than facultative anaerobes such as pathogenic Escherichia and Salmonella by limiting the availability of oxygen in the gut, Additionally; gut nitrate is essential for facultative anaerobes, which is formed via nitric oxide synthase 2.
Analysis of organic acids after incubation with (16-2H3)palmitic acid in fibroblasts from patients with mitochondrial beta-oxidation defects.
The therapeutic effect of EAS on PD may involve in regulating the tyrosine metabolism, mitochondrial beta-oxidation of long chain saturated fatty acids, fatty acid metabolism, methionine metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism.
Diminished carnitine reserves in muscle of obese rats was accompanied by marked perturbations in mitochondrial fuel metabolism, including low rates of complete fatty acid oxidation, elevated incomplete beta-oxidation, and impaired substrate switching from fatty acid to pyruvate.
Mitochondrial long chain fatty acid beta-oxidation in man and mouse.
19) In addition to its effect on palmitoyl-CoA and acyl coenzyme A oxidase, sesamin was also noted to amplify the action of numerous other hepatic fatty acid oxidation enzymes, including carnitine palmitoyltransferase, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, enoyi-CoA hydratase and 3-ketoaeyl-CoA thiolase, as well as to improve, in a dose-dependent manner, the activity of 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase and [DELTA]3, [DELTA]2-enoyl-CoA isomerase, both of which are involved in the auxiliary pathway for beta-oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids.
Chewing the fat: beta-oxidation in signaling and development.
In comparison, the presence of: multiple small intracellular lipid droplets with an undisplaced nucleus generally defines microvesicular steatosis, which has been thought to result from impaired mitochondrial beta-oxidation of fatty acids, Dr.
In comparison, the presence of multiple small intracellular lipid droplets with an undisplaced nucleus generally defines microvesicular steatosis, which has been thought to result from impaired mitochondrial beta-oxidation of fatty acids.