betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

be·ta·ine

 (bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

[Latin bēta, beet + -ine.]

betaine

(ˈbiːtəˌiːn; -ɪn; bɪˈteɪiːn; -ɪn)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a sweet-tasting alkaloid that occurs in the sugar beet and other plants and in animals. Formula: C5H11NO2
2. (Chemistry) (plural) a group of chemical compounds that resemble betaine and are slightly basic zwitterions
[C19: from New Latin Bēta beet + -ine2]

be•ta•ine

(ˈbi təˌin, -ɪn; bɪˈteɪ in, -ɪn)

n.
a colorless crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, usu. obtained from sugar beets or synthesized from glycine and used in medicine.
[1875–80; < Latin bēta beet + -ine 2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.betaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beetsbetaine - a sweet tasting alkaloid that occurs in sugar beets
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Procurement of COCO AMIDO PROPYL BETAINE
This study was planned to investigate the effects of betaine supplementation on growth performance and immunity in broilers under natural summer stress.
Betaine also can benefit your liver, which has the tough job of filtering toxins out of the blood.
Cystadane, the only betaine anhydrous prescription medication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, is indicated for the treatment of homocystinuria to decrease elevated homocysteine blood levels.
Together, choline and betaine have been shown to provide hepatoprotection and improve insulin resistance in nonalcoholic fatty liver mouse models (4).
It features both natural betaine and inositol, osmolytes present in the living layers of the skin important for maintaining skin moisture.
A randomised trial of Boswellia in association with betaine and myo-inosotol in the management of breast fibroadenomas.
The traits proline, glycine betaine and sugar were observed to have highly significant positive correlations with osmotic adjustment, both at genotypic and phenotypic levels under drought stress.
Betaine (A-A-A-trimethylglycine) is a zwitterionic compound and a methyl derivative of glycine.
Betaine Market by Type (Synthetic Betaine and Natural Betaine), Form (Betaine Anhydrous, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Betaine Monohydrate), Application (Food & Beverages, Animal Feed, Cosmetics, Detergents), and by Geography - Global Forecast to 2020
In our previous studies, betaine was identified as a feed enhancer [12] and dietary betaine supplementation indeed can improve the intake of high SBM-based diet in the juvenile grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus [13].
Nutritional treatments that may be beneficial for this condition include weight loss if overweight, avoidance of dietary fructose, and supplementation with vitamin E and betaine.